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French Dog Breeds

France – there are few things in this world more romantic than sitting atop The Eiffel Tower sipping on a glass of wine with your love.

But we have France to thank for a lot more than just the Eiffel Tower. Some of our favorite dog breeds originated in France.

So without further ado, let’s talk about each of these breeds in more detail as we list the 57 French dog breeds.

1. Anglo-Francais de Petite Vénerie

Anglo-Francais de Petite Vénerie at the park

The Anglo-Francis de Petit Venerie is a mid-size breed of dog that weighs between 35 and 40 lbs. Just by looking at the breed, there’s no doubt that they are a part of the hound designation group.

The breed is athletic, muscular, and has the same tri-color that most hounds do. The Anglo-Francis de Petite Venerie was never designed for companionship and to this day still isn’t thought of as the ideal family companion.

With that being said, they are friendly, social, and affectionate though they do have a tendency towards stubbornness.

Did You Know?

  • The Anglo-Francais de Petite Venerie can hunt alone or in packs.
  • This breed doesn’t actually hunt down game, it drives it towards the hunter. This is what sets them apart from any other hounds.
  • This is a strong-willed dog breed and is not recommended for novice dog owners. They are more recommended as a hunting dog or working dog than they are family companions.

2. Ariege Pointer

Ariege Pointer in a dog show

The Ariege Pointer is a midsize breed of dog weighing between 55 and 66 pounds. Their origins can be traced back to a combination of old French Braque dogs crossed with orange and white Southern Braques.

This breed is a skilled hunting dog but would also be described as loyal, playful, and independent-minded.

 Did You Know?

  • That Ariege Pointer is not often kept as a pet or show dog. Rather it is most commonly used purely for hunting.
  • After World War II the Ariege Pointers almost went extinct. It was not until 1990 that efforts were made to re-establish the breed.
  • The Ariege Pointer is an extremely athletic and energetic breed of dog that requires a great deal of exercise each day.

3. Ariegeois

Ariegeois hound standing on the lawn

The Ariegeois is a mid-size breed of dog that weighs around 60 pounds. They are one of France’s youngest dog breeds, originating just under one hundred years ago.

As the new kid on the Block, the Ariegeois is known in Spain and Italy, but is very uncommon in other areas of the world. People that do own them would describe them as easygoing and exceptionally loyal.

Did You Know?

  • The Ariegeois was recognized by the UKC in 1993 despite the fact that there are no known Ariegeois dogs in the United KIngdom yet.
  • Because of their deeply ingrained hunting instincts, the Ariegeois does not do well with other animals.
  • Because they have long droopy ears, the Ariegeois can be subject to ear infections.

4. Artois Hound

4 Artois Hound puppies sitting on the tree

The Artois Hound is a mid-size breed of dog weighing between 55 and 65 lb. The Artois Hound is a descendant of the Bloodhound and is likely a parent breed of the Beagle.

And while these two breeds are very popular outside of France, the Artois Hound is not. Their popularity in France however does continue to rise due to their easygoing, affectionate, loving personalities.

 Did You Know?

  • There are only around 500 or Artois hounds registered.
  • This breed requires a great deal of both mental and physical stimulation to prevent boredom.
  • The Artois Hound is recognized by the FCI but not currently recognized by any other affiliations.

5. Barbet

Barbet

The Barbet is a mid-size breed of dog weighing between 35 and 65 lb. The breed has a long and dense coat of wavy fur, and a facial beard to go along with it.

They have long been used for retrieving birds but their calm nature and demeanour make them an excellent family pet as well.

Did You Know?

  • The appearance of the Barbet often gets compared to that of a muppet.
  • The Barbet is a rare breed of dog both in France and in other areas of the world.
  • The Barbet is often given the nickname “mud dog” for its strong desire to gravitate towards swampy, muddy areas.

6. Basset Artesien Normand

Basset Artesien Normand standing on the lawn

The Basset Artesien Normand is a mid-size breed of dog that can weigh anywhere between 15 and 55 lb.

With it’s short little legs, it isn’t difficult to tell that the Basset Artesien Normand is a close relative of the regular Basset Hound.

This breed is capable of hard work in the field and aims to please their master. They are often defined as friendly, cheerful, and affectionate.

 Did You Know?

  • The Basset Artesien Normand has crooked front legs.
  • The Basset Artesien Normand is quick to learn and is one of the more obedient breeds of hound.
  • Aside from in France, the Basset Artesien Normand is very rare in other parts of the world.

7. Basset Bleu De Gascogne

Basset Bleu De Gascogne at the park

The Basset Bleu De Gascogne is a mid-size breed of dog weighing between 30 and 45 lbs. The Basset Bleu is not to be confused with its close cousin, the Basset Hound.

They are both a type of hunting dog but the Basset Bleu is much rarer. The breed is ideal for active owners that can provide it with a great deal of exercise throughout the day. But owners beware this Hound has a strong voice and he’s not afraid to use it.

Did You Know?

  • The Basset Bleu Is an extremely rare breed of dog with only less than a handful being registered with any kennel clubs.
  • Prior to the French Revolution it was only the upper class who owned the Basset Bleu for hunting purposes.
  • In the 19th century the Basset Bleu almost went extinct but was revived by Alain Bourbon.

8. Basset Fauve de Bretagne

Basset Fauve de Bretagne on white background

The Basset Fauve de Bretagne is a mid-size breed of dog weighing between 27 and 35 lb. Sometimes referred to as the Fawn Brittany Basset, this breed has a wiry and dense coat of fur that is harsh to the touch.

They can be slightly stubborn when it comes to training, but with the right owner the Basset Fauve de Bretagne can become a loving, friendly, well-mannered companion.

Did You Know?

  • The Basset Fauve de Bretagne is very popular in France and is starting to gain popularity in North America and other parts of the world.
  • Coloring of the Basset Fauve de Bretagne is meant to help camouflage them during hunting. If they have any black or white patches on their fur this can reduce their camouflage.
  • The Basset Fauve de Bretagne responds well to training but can be easily distracted. For this reason they can be difficult to housebreak.

9. Basset Hound

Basset hound on white background

In terms of French hounds, the Basset Hound is probably the most well-known around the world.

The Basset Hound is a mid-size breed of dog that weighs between 40 and 65 lb. It is a favorite  around the world and is well known for its long droopy ears and mournful eyes.

Its look is often compared to that of a sad clown. The Basset Hound is described by owners as somewhat stubborn but very loyal and charming.

 Did You Know?

  • The Basset Hound made the cover of Time magazine in 1928.
  • “Bassett” comes from the French word meaning “low to the ground” or “dwarf”.
  • In 2011, Victoria the Basset Hound was elected Co-mayor of the city of Concord in Ontario Canada.

10. Beagle Harrier

Beagle Harrier on leash standing on the snow

The Beagle Harrier is a mid-size breed of dog weighing between 30 to 55 pounds. As it should come as no surprise, the beagle-harrier is a combination of the Beagle and the Harrier breeds.

It is well-tempered, relaxed, easygoing, and friendly, often rewarding it with the title of the ideal family companion dog.

 Did You Know?

  • The history of the Beagle Harrier is relatively unknown. Some people theorize that it has been around since the late Middle Ages or early Renaissance, while others don’t think it came into existence until the 19th century.
  • The Beagle Harrier is rare in France and even rarer in other parts of the world.
  • The Beagle Harrier has a high sensitivity towards smell making it the perfect hunting companion.

11. Beauceron

Beauceron on white background

The Beauceron is a large breed of dog that weighs between 70 to 100 pounds. Anyone who takes one look at the breed will see a powerful and imposing giant but the reality is that they make a very gentle and loving companion.

But as gentle as the Beauceron is, they can also be very dominant. This breed is not recommended for novice owners because they will jump on the opportunity to rule the roost if that opportunity is given.

Did You Know?

  • The Beauceron is often referred to as “ Bas-Rouge” or “Red stockings” for it’s uniquely red feet.
  • Beaucerons are excellent guardians and take special interest in guarding the young and the defenseless.
  • The oldest records of the Beauceron date back to 1578.

12. Berger Picard

berger picard dog running in the field during winter

The Berger Picard is a mid-size breed of dog weighing between 50 and 70 pounds. The breed has large, distinct ears that stand erect and a long, wavy coat of fawn or brindle fur.

The breed is well known for its endless amount of energy and requires an owner that can keep them active. Without a great deal of daily exercise, this breed can become destructive.

With that being said, if you can wear this breed out, they will make an excellent companion and guard dog.

Did You Know?

  • The Berger Picard can hold eye contact for a long period of time. While this is simply a form of communication, other breeds of dog often mistake it as a sign of aggression.
  • The Berger Picard is one of the oldest French sheepdog breeds.
  • The Berger Picard has been featured in movies like “Are we done yet? and “Because of Winn-Dixie”

13. Billy Dog

Billy Dog walking at the park

The Billy dog is a midsize breed of dog that weighs between 50 and 70 lb. The breed is a type of scenthound and was probably kept by many kings throughout history. The Billy dog breed is rare but is described by owners as being loyal, gentle, and kind.

Did You Know?

  • Just before World War II there were only two Billy dogs left in existence. Attempts to re-establish the breed were successful, but they still remain very rare today.
  • Several extinct dogs went into the creation of the Billy dog including the Montemboeuf, the Ceris, and the Larye.
  • These dogs should not be kept off-least as they have a tendency to run if they catch onto a scent.

14. Bloodhound

Bloodhound in the beach

The Bloodhound is a large breed of dog that weighs between 80 and 110 lb. The breed is well known for its solemn expression, wrinkly face, and long, droopy ears.

The Bloodhound is considered a pack dog and therefore enjoys the company of family members and other dogs. It is often described as being easy-going, yet stubborn and difficult to train.

 Did You Know?

  • The Bloodhound has a tendency to drool a lot and is not for owners that are faint of heart.
  • Bloodhounds are often referred to as “man-trailers” and have been used by police departments for tracking criminals, lost children, and other humans.
  • A bloodhound’s mantrailing is considered acceptable in almost any court of law.

15. Blue Picardy Spaniel

Blue Picardy Spaniel

The Blue Picardy Spaniel is a mid-size breed of dog that weighs around 45 lbs. A type of sporting dog, the Blue Picardy Spaniel has been long known for hunting and tracking game in all types of environmental conditions.

Though they are avid hunters, they also make gentle companions and are often described as docile, well-mannered, and even tempered.

 Did You Know?

  • The Blue Picardy Spaniel is a combination of local Picardy Spaniels and English Setters.
  • The Blue Picardy Spaniel is a relatively rare breed of dog with less than 1000 being registered each year in France.
  • The Blue Picardy Spaniel has an average life expectancy of between 12 and 14 years.

16. Braque d’Auvergne

Braque d’Auvergne lying on white background

The Braque d’Auvergne is a mid size breed of dog that weighs between 48 and 62 pounds. The breed is one of the oldest pointing dogs to come out of France and it’s easy to tell that it is a skilled hunter just by looking at it.

The Braque d’Auvergne breed is relatively rare and isn’t well-known outside of France, but is described by owners as lively and affectionate, good natured and friendly, and very intelligent.

Did You Know?

  • The Braque d’Auvergne is a very intelligent dog that thrives on praise. Positive reinforcement is the best way to train this breed.
  • The Braque d’Auvergne is excellent at hunting out Grouse and Woodcock.
  • The Braque d’Auvergne is not currently recognized by the AKC.

17. Braque du Bourbonnais

Braque du Bourbonnais dog on dog show

The Braque du Bourbonnais is a mid-sized dog that weighs between 35 and 53 lb. Another type of pointer, the Braque du Bourbonnais is an ancient breed of dog that dates back to the 15th century.

Though the breed was only popular in France for many years, it is now gaining a foothold in North America. Owners would describe them as intelligent, affectionate, and gentle.

 Did You Know?

  • There are now more Braque du Bourbonnais registered in the United States than there are in France.
  • The first Braque du Bourbonnais came to the United States in 1988.
  • Braque du Bourbonnais is pronounced “Brock-do-bor-bon-nay”

18. Braque Dupuy

Braque Dupuy vintage photo

The  Braque Dupuy is a mid-size breed of dog that weighs between 35 and 55 pounds. Little is known about the history of this breed and it’s up for debate as to whether they are related to the Spanish, English, or Portuguese pointer.

Some others believe that they are directly related to French hound dogs. But whoever their ancestors are, what is known is that the Braque Dupuy is an excellent hunter and designed to kill birds.

This breed was not for the faint of heart and was not suited for novice dog owners. They were very bullheaded and stubborn, and were best made for hunting.

Did You Know?

  • The Braque Dupuy is an extinct breed of dog.
  • In history, the Braque Dupuy was very popular among French sportsmen.
  • Like many other dog breeds, the Braque Dupuy was wiped out after World War II.

19. Braque Francais

Braque Francais on white background

The Braque Francais is a mid-size breed of dog weighing between 45 and 55 lb. The breed dates back hundreds of years ago when they were bred for hunting in the Pyrenees Mountain Range.

They are considered to be descendants of the Old Spanish pointer and the Southern Hound, which is now extinct.

Today the breed is very popular in France, and has some followings in both the United States and Canada. They are described as being friendly, gentle, and submissive.

 Did You Know?

  • There are two different types of Braque Francais: The Gascony type and the Pyrenean type. The latter is smaller and more popular.
  • The Braque Francais is one of the gentlest and least dominant breeds of dog you will ever come across.
  • The Braque Francais can have up to 10 puppies per litter.

20. Braque Saint-Germain

Braque Saint-Germain

The Braque Saint-Germain is a mid-size breed of dog that weighs between 40 and 58 lb. Unlike many French hunting dogs, the Braque Saint-Germain has a well-documented history.

Its origins date back to 1830 and they are a crossbreed of English and Continental pointers. Though it was originally created as a hunting dog, the Braque Saint-Germain quickly became popular both in the home and as a show dog.

In Europe it’s still a popular companion and show dog, but is rarely found  elsewhere in the world. The breed is described as being friendly, affectionate, and easy to train.

 Did You Know?

  • The Braque Saint-Germain was first established as a show breed in 1836.
  • The Braque Saint-Germain was not recognized by the UKC until 2006.
  • The Braque Saint-Germain is known for having an easy temperament, but puppies can be very boisterous.

21. Briard

Briard dog lying on white background

The Briard is a large breed of dog weighing between 55 and 100 pounds. This breed has a long, wavy coat of fur along with a beard and eyebrows to match.

The breed was created for the dual purpose of hurting away predators of sheep on the farm, and guarding the homestead.

They are faithful, loving, and affectionate, and are often described by their owners as a “heart wrapped in fur”.

 Did You Know?

  • According to rumours, Napoleon didn’t like dogs but was a fan of this breed.
  • In World War I the Briard dog was named the official war dog of the French army. They served sentry duty, hulled supply carts, and were on the job of finding soldiers who had been wounded.
  • The first litter of Briards to be registered with the AKC was done so in 1922.

22. Briquet Griffon Vendéen

Briquet Griffon Vendéen walking on the lawn

The Briquet Griffon Vendéen is a mid-size breed of dog weighing between 48 and 53 lb. The breed has a coarse and wiry coat of fur and, like other Griffins, is a hunting breed of dog.

There are four different Griffon Vendéen breeds and the  Briquet Griffon Vendéen is probably the least well-known out of all of them.

With that being said, they are an excellent family dog and do well with both children and other dogs. They are friendly and outgoing but do tend to have some stubbornness in them as well.

 Did You Know?

  • The Briquet Griffon Vendéen is very intuitive and will not hesitate to let their owners know if another person’s behaviour is off.
  • The Briquet Griffon Vendéen is not currently recognized by the AKC but is recognized by the UKC, the FCI, and the American Canine registry.
  • The Briquet Griffon Vendéen was designed for hunting smaller prey like hare.

23. Brittany Dog

Brittany Dog playing with chew toys

The Brittany is a mid-size breed of dog weighing between 30 and 40 lbs. Their coat has a unique pattern which is mostly white with spots of vivid orange.

The breed was created for their hunting abilities, but is often found in a variety of different dog sports like agility, flyball, obedience, and dock diving.

Not only do they make an excellent hunting partner, but they also do very well with family life. The Brittany dog is often described as upbeat and friendly with a good disposition.

 Did You Know?

  • The first record of the Brittany dog dates back to the 17th century in historical paintings and tapestries.
  • Unlike many dog breeds, the Brittany dog was not popular among royalty. Rather, they were favored by peasants and poachers who lived a thrifty lifestyle.
  • The Brittany dog is an active breed that requires an active family or a large backyard to run in.

24. Chien Francais Blanc et Noir

Chien Francais Blanc et Noir with other dogs on the farm

The Chein Francais Blanc et Noir is a mid size breed of dog weighing between 50 and 80 pounds.

Better known as the “White and Black French Hound” in English, the Chein Francais Blanc et Noir was derived from a trio of scent hounds. This breed was designed to have an excellent nose, plenty of stamina, and a good temperament.

In the beginning, they were used for hunting small game, but we’re eventually trained to hunt larger game in packs. Their temperament is friendly, easygoing, and adaptable.

 Did You Know?

  • The Chien Francais Blanc et Noir was first recognized by the UKC in 1996.
  • The Chien Francais Blanc et Noir does have a tendency to bark and therefore requires early training and socialization.
  • The Chien Francais Blanc et Noir Is considered a very rare breed with only 200 to 400 registered each year.

25. Chien Français Blanc et Orange

The Chien Français Blanc et Orange is a mid-size breed of dog weighing between 50 and 80 lb. Like the Chien Francais Blanc et Noir above, the Chien Français Blanc et Orange is part of a trio of three French Scent hounds.

At one point in time  these two breeds, along with the Chien Francais Tricolore, were considered one single breed. Since then however, fanciers of the breed have separated them and standards have been developed for each.

The Orange and White French Hound is often defined as being very high energy, upbeat, and happy.

 Did You Know?

  • The Chien Français Blanc et Orange is a very high energy dog that requires an active family to prevent boredom and destructive behavior.
  • This breed is known for its loud howls and bays that can be heard from a great distance. For this reason they don’t make very good apartment dogs.
  • France is the only country where the Chien Français Blanc et Orange is found today.

26. Chien Francais Tricolore

The Chien Francais Tricolore is a mid-size breed of dog weighing between 50 and 80 lb. Part of the French scent-hound trio, this breed was originally bred to hunt wild boar and deer.

The Chien Francais Tricolore is considered to be a pack dog and therefore tends to do well with other dogs within the home. They are often described by their owners as being very intelligent and very active.

Like the other two types of French scent-hound, this breed has  a lot of energy and tends to be quite boisterous. For this reason it does not make a good apartment dog.

 Did You Know?

  • Like the other two types of French scent-hound, the Chien Francais Tricolore is considered to be very rare even within France.
  • The Chien Francais Tricolore was first recognized by the UKC in 1996.
  • The Chien Francais Tricolore has a unique voice that can carry long distances. If not kept active, this breed can become an annoyance to neighbors.

27. Chien Gris

The Chien Gris, or the “grey dog”,  was a large breed of dog that is now extinct. Originating in medieval times, the breed was a type of scent hound that was commonly used for hunting.

The breed was described as having a rough coat that was mostly grey with tan or red legs, and black hair on their back. They were described as both determined and headstrong.

 Did You Know?

  • The Chien Gris were introduced to France by St Louis who first encountered the dogs while being held prisoner during the Crusades.
  • The Chien Gris are ancestors of the French Griffin breeds.

28. Corsican Dog

The Corsican is a mid-size breed of dog weighing between 33 and 44 lb. Also referred to as the Cursinu,this breed has a slim but powerful body that was originally designed for protecting the home.

The breed has a short, smooth coat of fur with brindle coloring and a black face mask. They are often described as being intelligent, versatile, and loyal.

 Did You Know?

  • The Corsican dog originated somewhere around the 16th century on the island of Corsica.
  • In the 1950s, competition from other imported dog breeds threatened the population of the Corsica so much that In 1989 the Corsica Protection Society was formed.
  • Today there are more than 2,000 Corsica found on the island of Corsica and even more found in mainland France.

29. Dogue de Bordeaux

The Dogue de Bordeaux is a large breed of dog that weighs up to 110 lb. A type of mastiff, this breed is considered to be one of the oldest dog breeds in France and originates before France even became a country.

Walking down the street, the Dogue de Bordeaux would be difficult to miss as they stand up to 27 inches tall. Despite their massive size, the Dogue de Bordeaux actually has a very sweet and sensitive temperament, and is both loyal and affectionate with their owners.

 Did You Know?

  • The origins of the Dogue de Bordeaux date so far back that there is no evidence to pinpoint where or when they actually originated.
  • The Dogue de Bordeaux was featured in a 1989 movie with Tom Hanks called “Turner and Hooch”.
  • The Dogue de Bordeaux has a tendency for both snoring and drooling. They are not for the faint of heart.

30. French Bulldog

The French Bulldog is a smaller breed of dog that weighs up to 28 lb. The breed resembles that of a miniature English bulldog with distinguishable ears that stand erect.

Because of their ears, many people refer to them as “bat dogs”. The breed has a pushed-in nose with wrinkles on the face, and a body that is compact but muscular.

French Bulldogs are popular among all types of families and are often described by their owners as mini entertainers. They are friendly, affectionate, and adaptable.

Did You Know?

  • The French Bulldog is one of the most popular small breeds of dog in the world and are especially loved by those who live in the city.
  • It comes as no surprise that the French Bulldog is a close relation to the English bulldog.
  • Because of their structure, French Bulldogs are among the few breeds of dogs that cannot swim.

31. French Spaniel

The French Spaniel is a midsize breed of dog weighing between 40 and 60 pounds. Not only is this breed an excellent hunter but they are extremely intelligent and make the ideal family companion.

The French spaniel is one of the largest of all spaniels and is an excellent hunter and worker. They are often described by their owners as being docile, friendly, and eager to please. You would never find a French spaniel being aggressive towards another.

 Did You Know?

  • The French spaniel was very popular with royalty during the Middle Ages.
  • In the twentieth century the French spaniel almost went extinct, but was saved by a French priest.
  • The French spaniel is one of the oldest pointing breeds with origins dating back to the 14th century.

32. Gascon Saintongeois

The Gascon Saintongeois  is a mid-size breed of dog weighing between 40 and 70 lb. The breed isn’t well known around the world but has a good reputation in France for being an excellent family companion.

The breed is slightly chunky in body weight with long floppy ears. Owners would define them as easygoing, even-tempered, and eager to please. With that being said, because of their strong hunting instincts this breed does not do well with other household pets.

 Did You Know?

  • After the French Revolution there were only two Saintongeois Hounds remaining, two males and one female. These Hounds were crossed with the Griffon Bleu de gascogne, creating the Gascon Saintongeois..
  • The Gascon Saintongeois remains very low in numbers to this day.
  • The Gascon Saintongeois is not currently recognized by the AKC but was recognized by the UKC in 1993.

33. Grand Anglo-Francais Blanc et Noir

The Grand Anglo-Francais Blanc et Noir is a midsize breed of dog weighing between 65 and 75 lb. Developed from a mix of English and French scent hounds, this breed has an athletic body and is best known for hunting in packs.

Though they were originally developed to hunt deer and boar, they can also be used to hunt smaller game.

They can work well in almost any weather condition and can travel through varied terrains. Owners would describe the breed as energetic and slightly aloof with strangers.

 Did You Know?

  • The Grand Anglo-Francais Blanc et Noir is a very rare breed of dog with less than 2000 currently registered with the UKC.
  • The Grand Anglo-Francais Blanc et Noir has been assigned to the scent Hound group
  • Few people actually keep the Grand Anglo-Francais Blanc et Noir as a pet. It is mostly used for hunting.

34. Grand Anglo-Francais Blanc et Orange

The Grand Anglo-Francais Blanc et Orange is a mid-size breed of dog weighing between 65 and 75 lb.

The breed is the second of three Grand Anglo-Francais breeds, with the other two including the Grand Anglo-Francais Blanc et Noir and the Grand Anglo-Francais tricolore. Of the three, the Grand Anglo-Francais Blanc et Orange is considered to be the rarest.

Like the other two Grand Anglo Francais breeds, this one does best when hunting in packs. They are most often found as hunting companions but do form close bonds with their family members and are described as laid back in the home.

 Did You Know?

  • The main difference between the Grand Anglo-Francais Blanc et Orange and the other two grand Anglo-Francais breeds is the coat colour.
  • The Grand Anglo-Francais Blanc et Orange was born for the hunt and does best when working in their natural environment. They are not often found as family companions.
  • When in the home, the Grand Anglo-Francais Blanc et Orange requires a great deal of space to run and daily exercise.

35. Grand Anglo-Francais Tricolore

The Grand Anglo-Francais Tricolore is a larger breed of dog weighing between 75 and 80 lbs. The breed is known for having a great deal of stamina and for being an excellent hunter.

Though they can make good family companions, the Grand Anglo-Francais Tricolore does  a lot better when they are on the job.

They hunt in packs and therefore do well with other dogs but don’t do well in homes with smaller animals. They get along with people but may see cats, hamsters, and other smaller animals as prey.

 Did You Know?

  • The Grand Anglo-Francais Tricolore is born for the hunt and may be prone to injuries in the field.
  • The Grand Anglo-Francais Tricolore is not recognized by the AKC but is recognized by the UKC and the FCI.
  • The Grand Anglo-Francais Tricolore is a rare breed of dog even within France. They are rarely kept as companions and are mostly used for hunting.

36. Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen

The Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen is a mid-size breed of dog weighing between 40 and 50 lb. They are a shaggy breed of dog that bear a unique moustache and have long ears with profuse eyebrows.

In terms of hounds, this breed is on the slower side but was specifically designed so for lower classes of individuals who did not own horses and could not keep up with faster hounds.

For this reason, the Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen has been bred with much shorter legs than the regular Hound. The breed is described as outgoing,  yet happy to be independent and on its own.

 Did You Know?

  • Interbreeding between the Grand Basset and the Petit Basset was banned in 1977.
  • The Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen is often trained for mantrailing throughout the United States and in Europe.
  • The Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen was specifically designed as a poor man’s dog and was not popular among royalty.

37. Grand Bleu de Gascogne

The Grand Bleu de Gascogne is a larger breed of dog weighing between 80 and 110 lb.

A type of French Hound, the Grand Bleu de Gascogne is believed to be a combination of the Saint Hubert hound and the English Southern Hound. The breed is well known for its hunting abilities as well as its high-pitched howl.

They were originally used for hunting large game like wolves, but now are used for more small game like hare.

The breed is extremely active and does not do well in apartment settings. They are pack animals and enjoy spending time with their family. When bored, they are known to howl for hours on end.

Did You Know?

  • Because the Grand Bleu de Gascogne is most often kept for hunting, there isn’t much known about how well they do with children. They are generally friendly and affectionate with people but there is not enough evidence to suggest that the same is true for children.
  • The Grand Bleu de Gascogne is actually more popular in the United States than it is in France.
  • George Washington and King Henry IV both owned Grand Bleu de Gascognes.

38. Grand Fauve de Bretagne

The Grand Fauve de Bretagne is a mid-size breed of dog weighing between 37 and 46 lb. They have long, oval ears that hang down below the jawline and shaggy, coarse fur that is rough to the touch.

Like the Grand Bleu de Gascogne, this breed also rocks a beard and a moustache. Throughout history they have been used to hunt a variety of different game from small hare to larger wolves.

The Grand Fauve de Bretagne is a friendly, social, and affectionate breed of dog but does require a great deal of activity throughout the day.

 Did You Know?

  • The Grand Fauve de Bretagne is kept almost exclusively as family pets in France and are rarely seen outside of France.
  • The Grand Fauve de Bretagne were extremely successful wolf hunters in history which is actually what led to their demise. Once there were no more wolves in Brittany, they were no longer in demand and their popularity and numbers dwindled. It was not until the 1940’s  when breeding efforts were made to re-established the population.
  • The Grand Fauve de Bretagne is a well-balanced breed of dog that requires a great deal of activity during the day but that can sleep well when they come home at night.

39. Grand Griffon Vendéen

The Grand Griffon Vendéen is a mid-size breed of dog weighing between 60 and 75 lb. They are one of the largest of all Vendee breeds and are not recommended for inexperienced dog owners.

Though they are outgoing and friendly, they also have an independent and stubborn streak.

This breed has high energy levels and requires a great deal of outdoor activity  and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behaviours. Because they can be stubborn, they require a strong, confident owner for training.

 Did You Know?

  • The history of the Grand Griffon Vendéen dates back to the 16th century when they were used for hunting large game like fox, deer, and wild boar.
  • The Grand Griffon Vendéen is not recognized by the AKC but is recognized by the ACA, the DRA, and the NAPR.
  • The Grand Griffon Vendéen can have up to 11 puppies in one litter.

40. Griffon Bleu de Gascogne

The Griffon Bleu de Gascogne is a mid-size breed of dog that weighs between 35 and 60 lb. Part of the hound family, this breed was originally used to hunt wild boar and hare.

Though their exact origins are not known, it is known that this is an ancient breed of dog that dates back back to the Pyrenean era.

The breed is very social and loves people, and is very affectionate and loyal. They are also very adventurous and love to spend time outdoors

Did You Know?

  • The Griffon Bleu de Gascogne is rarely kept as a family pet and is usually found hunting.
  • The breed’s name stems from  their place of origin, Gascogne, France.
  • Though the Griffon Bleu de Gascogne is still rare, their popularity is on the increase.

41. Griffon Fauve de Bretagne

The Griffon Fauve de Bretagne is a mid-size breed of dog weighing between 35 and 45 lb. Since the 13th century, the Griffon Fauve de Bretagne has been classified as a scent hound and used to hunt boar and wolf.

They are known for working in packs and cornering their prey.  As family dogs they are loyal,  loving, and friendly, and make excellent guardians.

 Did You Know?

  • In the 19th century the Griffon Fauve de Bretagne breed almost died out but breeding programs have been put in place to re-establish the breed.
  • The Griffon Fauve de Bretagne are popular hunting dogs in France but are very rare outside of their homeland.
  • The Griffon Fauve de Bretagne dog is active in the workforce, but calm and docile in the home.

42. Griffon Nivernais

The Griffon Nivernais is a mid-size breed of dog weighing between 50 and 55 lb. They were originally developed as a scent hound and are apt in hunting both small and large game.

When they were created, they were designed to look identical to hunting dogs from the Middle Ages.

These dogs were commonly used to track and hunt boar and wolves. In the home, this breed is friendly but also has a tendency to be stubborn. They are known to bark a lot, require a lot of exercise, and can become destructive if they are bored.

 Did You Know?

  • The Griffon Nivernais is not recommended for families with young children.
  • This breed is not currently recognized by the AKC but it is recognized by the UKC and the FCI.
  • In France, there has been a renewed interest in the Griffon Nivernais but it is still quite rare.

43. Lowchen

The Lowchen is a small breed of dog that weighs between 10 and 15 lb. They have earned the nickname “little lion” for being a toy breed with the looks and bravery of a mini lion.

While the exact origins of the Lowchen are unknown, it is believed that they are produced from the same line as the Bichon frize and the Maltese.

Long bred for companionship, this breed of dog is loving and affectionate, as well as a people pleaser. They long to be around their family and crave attention and cuddling.

 Did You Know?

  • Because the Lowchen is so people oriented, it is subject to separation anxiety.
  • The Lowchen makes a fearless guard dog but this also means that it has a tendency to bark. Yipiness is common in this breed.
  • The nickname “little lion” comes from the breed name  Lowchen which is actually German for “little lion”.

44. Papillon

The Papillon is a small breed of dog weighing between 5 and 10 lbs.  Though the breed is small, they have large wing shaped ears that stand erect and cannot be missed from a distance.

They are dainty and elegant, and have long been bred purely for companionship. In history they were very popular among noblewomen and royals. Today the Papillon still makes an excellent companion and is described by their owners as happy, upbeat, and friendly.

Did You Know?

  • The word “Papillon” is French for butterfly which, along with their butterfly shaped ears, is where the Papillion got its nickname.
  • Papillons do very well in trick training and sporting events.
  • The Papillion is one of the most obedient and responsive of all toy breeds and can be trained to do almost anything.

45)  Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen

The Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen is a mid size breed of dog weighing between 25-40 pounds. Yet another type of French hound, this breed is well known for its ability to work and hunt in a pack.

Like many other types of hounds, the Petit Basset Griffon is known to carry a loud bark. In the home this breed is outgoing and merry, earning them the hearts of millions around the world.

Did You Know?

  • Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen translates to “small, low, rough-coated, from the Vendee region of France”.
  • In England, Petit Basset Griffon Vendeens are referred to as “Griffs”
  • The Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen was created to hunt small game like rabbits and hare while the Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen was created to hunt larger prey like wolves.

46) Petit Bleu de Gascogne

The Petit Bleu de Gascogne is a mid size breed of dog weighing between 40-48 pounds. They look much like the Grand Bleu de Gascogne, but just in smaller form.

The two breeds are very similar in personality as well, with size being the main difference between them.

The Grand Bleu de Gascogne was bred first to hunt large game like wild boar, while the Petit Bleu de Gascogne was later bred to hunt small game. In the home the breed is defined as even-tempered, but they are happiest when they have a scent to trail.

Did You Know?

  • In the last few decades the Petit Bleu de Gascogne has become much more popular as a family companion in France, but their popularity outside of France is still short.
  • The Petit Bleu de Gascogne was first bred in the 1500’s when hunters decided to start tackling smaller prey.
  • The Grand Bleu de Gascogne is not currently recognized by the AKC but is recognized by the UKC and the FCI.

47. Phalene

The Phalene is a very small breed of dog weighing only between 4 and 9 pounds.  Originally developed as a toy breed for French Royals, the Phalene has long silky fur and floppy ears.

They are considered to be a typical lap dog, loving to spend time with their owners and reserved with strangers. The Phalene dog is very intelligent and can learn a lot of tricks with a little positive reinforcement.

Did You Know?

  • The Phalene dog is actually a variation of the Papillon and the two can be born within one litter
  • In ancient times, Royals not only used the Phalene as a lap dog but also used them to help control the rat population.
  • There is a painting from 1713 that shows Queen Sophie Dorothea of Prussia with her Phalene Dog.

48) Picardy Spaniel

The Picardy Spaniel is a mid-size breed of dog weighing between 40 and 55 lb. They look much like an English Setter but smaller.

One of the oldest Continental Spaniel breeds, the Picardy Spaniel has origins that date back to the French Revolution. They were originally used as gun dogs, as well as for hunting.

Today they also make excellent companion dogs and are considered to be very mild-mannered. They are also very intelligent, gentle with children, and adaptable to different styles of life.

Did You Know?

  • The Picardy spaniel is not currently recognized by the AKC but is recognized by the UKC and the FCI.
  • The Blue Picardy spaniel, a close cousin of the Picardy spaniel, was developed by crossing the Picardy spaniel with a variety of British hunting dogs.
  • The Blue Picardy spaniel is born with black patches.

49. Poitevin hound

The Poitevin Hound is a mid-size breed of dog that weighs between 65 and 75 lbs. Developed as a pack animal, this breed was long used to hunt wolves.

For this reason the Poitevin Hound tends to do well with other dogs. They also do well with their owner and family members, but tend to be suspicious of strangers as well as children. Sadly this breed is often found in shelters due to the difficulty of their temperament.

Poitevin hounds are very high energy, require a great deal of physical activity, cannot be left alone for long periods of time, and can be very difficult to train. They do better as hunting companions than they do household companions.

 Did You Know?

  • The origins of the Poitevin Hound date back to 1692 when they were created by breeding the Montemboeuf and Chien Ceris, with Irish Hounds and Greyhounds.
  • The Poitevin Hound has never been a very popular breed of dog and remains rare today.
  • The Poitevin Hound is rarely found outside of France.

50. Pont-Audemer Spaniel

The Pont-Audemer Spaniel is a mid size breed of dog weighing between 44 and 60 lb.  This breed has a combination of different spaniels within his genetics, making it an extremely strong hunter, especially in the water.

In terms of appearance,  the Pont-Audemer Spanielis often known for having curly hair that makes them look like they’re wearing a wig.

And though they make excellent hunting companions, this breed is not recommended for  inexperienced dog owners. They are rarely found as family pets due to the fact that they are difficult to train and have a great deal of energy.

Did You Know?

  • World War II brought a significant decline in the number of Pont-Audemer Spaniels. These numbers remained low until 1980 when the club was formed to re-establish the breed.
  • The Pont-Audemer Spaniel has been given the nickname “little clown of the marshes” for their clownish and eager personality.
  • The Pont-Audemer Spaniel was first recognized by the UKC on January 1st of 1996.

51. Poodle

The Poodle comes in three different sizes. The standard poodle is a mid-size breed of dog that weighs between 40 and 70 lbs. There is also a  miniature poodle and a toy poodle.

Miniature poodles are those that are 15 inches or under, and toy poodles are those that are no more than 10 inches tall. Poodles are extremely elegant and have long been a favourite among French nobility.

Aside from their beautiful looks and coat, there are many other qualities that make the poodle a favourite pet. They are extremely intelligent, a good athlete, and very friendly.

Did You Know?

  • The ever so famous “poodle clip” actually has a purpose. In history, poodles would often have to jump into very cold water. For this reason they needed protection. Too much fur would weigh them down so hunters would shear them to protect them from the elements.
  • Poodles require regular grooming because their fur does not stop growing. Unlike most dogs that shed, poodles do not. Their fur is also hypoallergenic and odorless.
  • Elvis was a big fan of the poodle and had several at his home in Graceland. He also gifted them to the women in his life.

52. Porcelaine

The Porcelaine is a mid-size breed of dog weighing between 55 and 62 lb. Unlike some other breeds on this list that do not do well as family companions, the Porcelain makes a great household pet.

They are easily trained and easily housebroken. In fact, the Porcelaine breed is so well natured that they are often found in a variety of different therapies and medical Services. They are also commonly used in police search and rescue missions.

Did You Know?

  • The Porcelaine is the oldest French scent-hound that still exists today.
  • The Porcelaine is safeguarded by the Club du Porcelaine in France which was established in 1971.
  • A Porcelaine was gifted to President George Washington by the king of France.
  1. Pyrenean Mountain Dog

The Pyrenean mountain dog is a large breed of dog that can weigh over 100 pounds. The breed is extremely large and powerful, and has long been used to deter wolves and other predators from stealing sheep.

The breed stands over 32 inches at the shoulder and even though they are not usually used for guarding sheep, they do now make excellent guardians of the home.

In addition to being excellent guardians, the Pyrenean Mountain Dog is also a gentle, calm, and even-tempered companion within the home.

Did You Know?

  • In the mid-nineteenth century, Queen Victoria owned a Pyrenean Mountain Dog.
  • Fossils of the Pyrenean Mountain Dog have been found dating back to the Bronze Age.
  • The Pyrenean mountain dog is nocturnal by nature. They were used in history to guard flocks of sheep at night while their shepherds were sleeping and have continued to be nocturnal to this day.

54. Pyrenean Shepherd

The Pyrenean Shepherd is a small breed of dog weighing between 15 and 30 lb. A descendant of ancient Sheepdogs, this breed was not only used for herding in history but can still be found herding today.

The breed comes in two different varieties:  rough faced and smooth coated. Their owners often define them as enthusiastic, extremely intelligent, and also very mischievous.

 Did You Know?

  • Fossils reveal that Pyrenean Shepherds could be over 6000 years old.
  • Pyrenean Shepherds are one of the top breeds for obedience and agility.
  • Pyrenean Shepherds have excellent management skills. Only two Pyrenean Shepherds can manage a flock of over 1000 sheep.

55. Saint-Usuge Spaniel

The Saint-usuge spaniel is a midsize breed weighing between 35 and 50 lb. A type of French pointing breed, the Saint-usuge Spaniel is a passionate hunter that can work in a variety of harsh terrains.

Aside from hunting, the Saint-usuge spaniel also makes an excellent household companion and is very gentle with children. They are often described as being loyal and affectionate, as well as mellow and kind in nature.

 Did You Know?

  • The Saint-usuge Spaniel dates back to the sixteenth century.
  • The Saint-usuge Spaniel almost went extinct after World War II but was revived by a priest. His breeding program resulted in over 250 Saint-usuge spaniels being bred within a 33-year period.
  • The Saint usuge spaniel is not hypoallergenic and can cause allergic reactions for those who have issues with dogs.

56. Talbot (dog)

The Talbot is a large breed of dog that weighs between 90-100 pounds. This is a breed of dog that dates back to the Middle Ages.

With that being said, the Talbot is now extinct and not much has been written about them in history. For this reason, we don’t know much about their personality and temperament.

Did You Know?

  • The Talbot is usually depicted on the signs of English Inns
  • The arms of Earls Waldegraves depicts two Talbots
  • In Medieval times, “Talbot” was a common word for an individual hound. It was not until the 17th century that we started to see references as Talbots as a distinct breed. It is thought to have disappeared somewhere around the 18th century.

57. Wirehaired Pointing Griffon

The Wirehaired Pointing Griffon is a mid-size breed of dog that can weigh anywhere between 35 and 70 lb. Often referred to as a supreme gun dog, this breed is at the top of its field.

The breed derives its name from its harsh and bristly coat that often makes them look unkept.

They also have a moustache and eyebrows that makes them look rather rugged. In the home, this breed aims to please, and is often defined as loyal and comical.

 Did You Know?

  • The Wirehaired Pointing Griffon was inspired by scientific research. Mendel published his research on genetics  which suggested that we inherit one allele from each parent. This inspired many Europeans to breed on their own, and the Wirehaired Pointing Griffon was a result of that inspiration.
  • The Wirehaired Pointing Griffon has a thick undercoat that helps to keep them warm when hunting in harsh and cold weather conditions.
  • Grace Kelly’s husband owned a Wirehaired Pointing Griffon.

There you have it –  57 French dog breeds.

As you can see, many of these breeds were created for hunting but a few were also created purely for companionship.

Today many of these breeds are verging rarity and even extinction, so it is important that we shed light on all of the beautiful qualities that each of these breeds have to offer so that we can keep them in our minds and in our lives.

Check Out Other European Dog Breeds below:

About the author: Pablo Pascua created dogbreedsfaq.com because of his interest in all the different breeds, and his desire to learn more. His inspiration comes from the many dogs he has owned throughout his life.

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