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7 Popular Korean Dog Breeds: Are They Man’s BEST FRIEND or FOOD?

When most people think of Korea, they think of a nation that doesn’t necessarily welcome dogs but consumes them.

And while the unfathomable tradition of consuming dog meat was once very prevalent in Korean society, it does seem as though the trend is dwindling.

So without further ado, let’s take a look at the top 7 popular dog breeds in Korea to see which dogs they are welcoming the most.

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1. KOREAN MASTIFF (Dosa Gae)

Korean Mastiff standing on white backgroundDescription:

The Korean Mastiff is best known for its wrinkly face and body, along with its massive size.

This breed’s skin under the chin and around the neck resembles that of a Bully Kutta dog from Pakistan.

This Korean dog breed weighs in at between 65-85 kg (145-185 pounds) and stands at over 23-30 inches tall.

The breed can range in color, anywhere from golden, to light brown, to chocolate, dark brown, and black.

Some Korean Mastiffs can even have tinges of mahogany and red in their coats.

Aside from color, the coat of a Korean Mastiff is described as short, silky, and shiny.

The Korean Mastiff is described as having a rectangular-shaped body with a massive head, broad nose, and droopy ears.

Personality and Temperament:

With the massive size and wrinkly appearance of the Korean Mastiff, it’s no surprise that they made the top 7 Korean dog breeds list.

With that being said, while many people find their appearance to be beautiful and majestic. Others find their size intimidating.

Despite their rough and tough exterior, however, the Korean Mastiff is a very sweet-natured, loving breed that makes an excellent family pet.

They are often referred to by their owners as “gentle giants” who, despite their size, would like to think they are lap dogs.

The breed is known to form strong bonds with people, and are considered to be patient, nurturing, and protective (but not aggressive).

The breed has low energy levels and is not considered to be overly active. Due to their low exercise requirements, they are often considered to be great apartment dogs.

History:

The history of the Korean Dosa Mastiff can be traced back to the early 1800s, but historians and researchers don’t really know a lot about how the breed actually came to be.

With that being said, there is some speculation that these popular dog breeds in Korea came about through cross-breeding with working dogs like the English Bulldog, the English Mastiff, the Tosa Inu, the Dogue de Bordeaux, and even the bloodhound.

It was then through selective breeding that the Mastiff came to be what it is today.

Did You Know?

  • The Korean Mastiffs are primarily bred as show dogs and pets
  • The Korean Mastiff was one of the most expensive dogs ever exported to India for over USD 140,000. They remain as the most expensive dog breed in India
  • The life expectancy of a Korean Mastiff is between 7-12 years
  • A full-grown Mastiff can eat between 11-12 cups of food, twice a day!

2) Korean Jindo

Korean Jindo dog lying on the ground

Description:

The Korean Jindo is a mid-sized dog that stands between 18-22 inches in height and weighs anywhere between 30-50 pounds.

Its body is well proportioned and is built for hunting and guarding.

Their body is strong and agile, and their ears stand erect so that they are always alert.

In terms of color, the Jindo is recognized by seven different colors by the UKC. These include white, brindle, fawn, red, black, grey, and black/tan.

Personality and Temperament:

The Jindo is known for its loyalty. Though it takes time to earn a Jindo’s respect, once you have it, their loyalty will be unwavering.

Because it can take a while to earn the respect of a Jindo, the early stages of training can be difficult and requires a great deal of patience.

This is mostly because Jindo’s are extremely intelligent and won’t give their unwavering loyalty to just anyone.

With that being said, once it is earned, the Jindo becomes eager to please their owner.

This will motivate them to conquer even the most difficult tricks after just a short training session.

In regards to training, early socialization is extremely important for Jindo’s. Though the breed is considered to be very gentle and loving, they can also be very protective and wary of strangers.

If not socialized at a young age, aggression can present itself. Early socialization will eliminate any concern about this.

History:

The Jindo originated in South Korea, but because there are no written accounts about the breed, very little is known about their distant past.

There is evidence to suggest that Jindo’s did exist in the Jindo province as far back as 1500 years ago.

In 1962 the breed was listed as a National Treasure, which made it almost impossible to export outside of South Korea.

This is why you will not see a lot of “Jindo dog for sale” ads in the United States.

With that being said, the breed did make its way over to the US in 1980 and officially became recognized by the UKC in 1998.

Because of their agility and strong hunting abilities, many militaries, police teams, and search and rescue operations added Jindo’s to their team.

Despite their hunting skills and train-ability, such teams quickly realized that due to the loyalty of the Jindo to one owner, they weren’t quite fit for the job.

And though it is now widely recognized that Jindo’s don’t make great military or police dogs. They are still highly respected throughout Korean culture and are currently in the top 7 types of dogs in Korea.

Did You Know?

  • The Jindo has a long life expectancy in comparison to many other North Korean dog breeds with an average expectancy between 12-15 years.
  • The Jindo is a pack dog, and thus requires a strong owner to take on the role of pack leader
  • Jindos are escape artists! They have a strong desire to roam and explore, and can easily escape a 6-foot fence if so desired
  • Jindos have a high prey drive and are capable of killing large prey like boars and deer!

3) Sapsali

sapsali dog standing near the green gateDescription:

When it comes to Korean dog breeds, the Sapsali is most commonly associated with the Jindo, but many people also compare it to the Old English Sheepdog.

Standing at the height of between 19-23 inches, and weighing in between 35-60 pounds, the Sapsali is considered to be a mid-sized dog breed.

The breed has a long shaggy coat with hair so long that it often covers the eyes.

The breed often goes by the nickname “lion dog” which it earned in relation to its large paws and broad, powerful skull.

Personality and Temperament:

Though the Sapsali can be a little wary around strangers, it is generally considered to be a very friendly breed.

The breed is extremely devoted and loyal to its family members, and once they see that the family is comfortable around outsiders, it will welcome them too.

The breed is extremely patient, which makes them the perfect companion for small children.

Because they are so loyal to their family, they can become highly protective of them.

Socialization is required at an early age to ensure that this protective nature does not branch into aggression.

With that being said, when socialized properly, the Sapsali has an excellent temperament.

In fact, their temperament is so calm and affectionate that they are often used as therapy dogs.

They are also very intelligent and eager to learn from their owners.

These dogs enjoy outdoor play but do not require a great deal of exercise. In return, they make excellent apartment dogs.

History:

While the exact origins of the Sapsali breed are unknown, there is some evidence to suggest that the breed was around in Korea as early as 37BC.

During the “Three Kingdom Period”, this breed was honored by royal families in Korea and was seen as a sign of good fortune.

Later on, the popularity of the Sapsali spread from Royal families to upper-class families, and it quickly became one of the most popular dog breeds in Korea.

Like the Jindo, the Sapsali is now defined as a National Treasure of Korea but has yet to become popular in other regions of the world.

Did You Know?

  • In ancient times, Koreans referred to the Sapsali as the “one that roots out evil spirits”, thereby claiming it the nickname, “ghost dog.
  • Ghosts are believed to be afraid of the Sapsali.
  • The Sapsali almost went extinct after the Korean War but was revived by a group of professors from Kyungpook National University in the 1960s.
  • The Sapsali is often used in Korean hospitals as a therapy dog.

4) Nureongi Dog

neurongi lying on the groundDescription:

Sometimes referred to as the Korean Yellow Spitz, the Nureongi is a medium-sized breed of dog that often gets compared with the Jindo.

While the two do have a very similar stance and appearance, the Nureongi will usually display patches of yellow on its coat.

Unlike the Jindo, the Nureongi also has a melanistic mask or a distinct pattern on its coat.

The Nureongi has a sturdy and robust build but has short, unmuscular legs. Like the Jindo, the Nureongi has ears that point up, and are always alert.

Personality and Temperament:

Earlier in the write-up, it was mentioned that Koreans have a long-standing tradition of consuming dog meat, known as “Gaegogi”.

Unfortunately, Nureongi is one of the most popular dog meats of choice, and therefore, it is difficult to gather a lot of information on how they interact in a family environment.

With that being said,  the little information that does exist suggests that Nureongi’s are an extremely gentle, non-aggressive breed of dog.

Though they have been described as extremely vocal, it is believed that this vocality comes from the desire to communicate with humans and other dogs around them.

History:

The Nureongi dog has long been considered some of the best “Gaegogi” in Korea.

Though they do make the top 7 Korean dog breeds list, it’s not for reasons to be proud of.

Sometimes referred to as the “Tonggae”, or “shit dog” by Koreans, this breed is considered livestock and is most commonly bred for its meat.

It would be rare to see a Nureongi in a family home around Korea.

With that being said, animal activists are continuously fighting for the rights of dogs. They are actively fighting against the sale of dogs on the black market as well.

Did You Know?

  • Of all dogs on the Korean dog breeds list, the Nureongi may be the oldest. Official recordings suggest that the Nureongi has been around since the 1st Century AD, which is longer than any other dogs on the top 7 list.

5. Donggyeongi Dog

Donggyeongi standing on a rockDescription:

Despite being on the list of popular dog breeds in Korea, the Donggyeongi is a rare breed.

It’s most commonly known for its bobtail, which is either very short or non-existent.

They are mid-sized dogs, and aside from their tails, bear a striking resemblance to the Jindo breed.

Personality and Temperament:

While the Donggyeongi is speculated to be a friendly and loyal breed of dog, there isn’t much information on their temperament and personality.

The dogs are so rare that there is little known about how they react in family and home situations. Their size and stature suggests that they would make excellent guard dogs.

History:

The Donggyeongi originated in the coastal city of Gyeongju, Korea, which is actually where they got their name.

When the breed first originated, the Koreans prized them, and recognized for their national characteristics.

Unfortunately, the Japanese Colonial Era saw the slaughter of many Donggyeongi, simply for the reason that they bore such a strong resemblance to the Komainu (to which the Japanese took offense).

During this time they were slaughtered for their skins and were used to make fur coats.

Today the breed is listed as a national treasure but remains extremely rare.

Did You Know?

  • There are only 34 breeds of dog that are born without a tail, and the Donggyeongi is one of them
  • The Donggeongi’s short tail was once seen as an omen of bad luck and furthered the rarity of the breed even more so.
  • As of 2012, there were only 460 Donggyeongi left in South Korea.

6) Jeju Dog

Jeju Dog standing on a cemented groundDescription:

The Korean Jeju dog is described as being rectangular in dimension, longer in length than it is in height.

They average about 20 inches in height and can weigh anywhere between 40 to 60 pounds.

They range in color from white to tawny, to brown, and are often said to resemble different animals.

The female Jejus are often compared to foxes, while the males are often said to look like wolves.

The Jeju’s look a lot like the Korean Jindo but have tails that come to an abrupt point.

They are also set apart from the Jindu with their wide and point foreheads.

Temperament and Personality:

Like some other dogs on the Korean dog breeds list, the Jeju is considered to be a great guard dog.

While they are sensitive and intelligent animals, they are also very aggressive when they hunt.

Their extremely loyally to their family makes them good at setting off an alarm when intruders are near.

Jeju’s were often used for hunting and military applications throughout history, which led them to be very territorial and aggressive towards other animals.

Because of this, Jeju’s can be difficult to socialize with other dogs and animals and are best in homes where they are the lone ranger.

They are considered to be good with older children, but should always be monitored when younger children are present.

 History:

The Jeju dog was originally bred on Jeju Island off the southern coast of Korea, which is where they obtained the Jeju name.

As far as popular dog breeds in Korea go, the Jeju is considered to be quite old and is thought to date back over 5000 years ago.

They were originally introduced by the Chinese so many centuries ago, but then almost drove to extinction by the Japanese between 1910 to 1931.

During this time, Japanese authorities ordered the slaughter of all dogs indigenous to Korea.

Many breeds went extinct, and though the Jeju breed did manage to survive, their numbers were minimal.

Since this time the numbers have slowly rebuilt, but as of 2010, there were still only 69 Jeju dogs in Korea.

They were designated as a National heritage animal as a means of protecting what is left of the breed.

Did You Know?

  • The Japanese were not the only reason the Jeju faced extinction. For many years the Jeju was one of the most consumed dogs in Korea, along with the Nureongi.
  • In the 1980s, only three Jeju dogs were left remaining on the island. It was through these three that the breed was revived.

7) Pungsan Dog

2 Pungsan Dogs inside a green cageDescription:

While many popular dog breeds in Korea originated in South Korea, the Pungsan dog originated in North Korea.

They are considered to be medium to large in build, with a thick, white fur coat.

The coat is always white, though it may have a tinge of cream. The breed can range anywhere from 55cm to 60cm tall and weighs anywhere between 20-30 kg.

Their strong and muscular bodies make them extremely agile and, like the Jindo, their straight standing ears help them to stay alert at all times.

Personality and Temperament:

Like many of the Korean dog breeds, the Pungsan is described as very loving and loyal.

They are more independent than your average dog, but their independence does mean that they have a greater tendency toward aggression, especially towards other animals.

These muscular dogs are extremely powerful, so even though they are very loving and affectionate with children, their interactions should always be supervised.

The Pungsan is considered to be a very territorial dog but is intelligent enough to know when they need to bark versus when they need to display aggression.

In return, they make excellent guard dogs. Pungsans are extremely intelligent, though they are also very stubborn – training can be difficult.

History:

Like many Korean dog breeds, the exact origin of the Pungsan is unknown.

Most people, however, believe that the dog was bred during the Joseon Dynasty as a means to hunt large game.

Some others theorize that the Pungsan was a result of dogs mating with wolves, which would explain their aggressive nature and strong ability to hunt.

Unfortunately, the breed has not always thrived in Korea, and during the Japanese occupation, they were often killed for their thick fur coats.

It was only through the effort of the North Korean government that the breed was re-established, but the breed was limited to North Korea.

Today they are seen in South Korea as well but are not particularly popular outside of the country.

Did You Know?

  • In 2000, the leaders of North and South Korea came to agreements and exchanged Pungsan puppies as a peace offering.
  • Legend has it that in a battle between a Pungsan and a Siberian Tiger, the Pungsan won.
  • In the 1900s, Pungsans were often smuggled into South Korea.

Conclusion:

And there you have it – these are the top 7 popular dog breeds in Korea.

Sadly, many of these breeds are still facing extinction. Today, breeds like the Nureongi are continuously being raised in slaughterhouses for their meat.

While animal rights activists are continuously fighting for the rights of dogs in Korea, it is important that we all educate ourselves and take action.

You don’t have to travel to Korea to stop the trade – donate, sign a petition – every single action helps.

If dogs taste like pork, will you eat them?

 

dog paw prints

 

About the author: Pablo Pascua created dogbreedsfaq.com because of his interest in all the different breeds, and his desire to learn more. His inspiration comes from the many dogs he has owned throughout his life.