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19 Indian Dog Breeds (Indian Dogs’ UGLY Truth Exposed)

In places like the US and Canada, it’s extremely rare to see stray dogs running around on the streets.

While there are many dogs that are sadly without homes, it’s not an epidemic.

Rather, dogs are loved, cherished, owned as pets, and regarded as part of the family.

But in some other areas of the world, like India, dogs are not so highly regarded.

Nothing in this world breaks my heart more than seeing man’s best friend struggling to survive on the side of the road, so today I hope to shed some light on the amazing indian dog breeds, and hope to inspire some of you to think about adoption.

Before I jump into speaking about individual breeds, let’s talk quickly about the lives of dogs in India.

To put things into perspective for you, The Washington Post reported that India has the largest number of stray dogs in the entire world, with estimates reaching over 30 million stray dogs.

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As the stray dog population continues to grow, so do the problems associated with it – dog bites, disease, and rabies are all common concerns in India.

In fact, BBC News said that over 20,000 people die from rabies each year in the country.

Because of this, humans in India have become to see dogs as “evil” or “vermin”, when in reality all they are doing is looking for food, water, and love.

Unfortunately, because there is no form of animal birth control in India, the stray dog population simply continues to increase.

So what can we do to help? I’d like to start by educating you about the different breeds of Indian dog.

A lot of sites will introduce you to the top 5 Indian dog breeds, but I want to shine light on all of them.

In return, I will be discussing the top 19 dog breeds in India. For each breed I will cover 6 key components: general description, personality and temperament, grooming, common diseases and conditions, history, and facts/latest news.

So without further ado, let’s introduce you to some of these amazing breeds.

Table Of Contents : 👉 SHOW 👈

1) Bakharwal Dog

Description:

The Bakharwal is a solidly built, large breed of dog that is heavily boned, deep-chested and carries a lot of muscle.

The breed stands between 24-30 inches tall, and can weigh up to 130 pounds when fully grown.

The Bakharwal has a large head and a thick muscular neck, along with a short muzzle and floppy ears. They have long, extremely strong and powerful legs.

The Bakharwal dog has a thick coat of hair that can come in a variety of colors including black, tan, beige, or white. It’s also not uncommon for the breed to be piebald, or to have large areas of their coat that are spotted white, and large areas of their coat that spotted are another color.

Personality and Temperament:

For hundreds of years, the Bakharwal has been bred exclusively for guarding livestock. This is a job that they take very seriously, and that has learned them to be a courageous guardian.

Because of their history of fending off large threats like bears, lions, and wolves, the Bakharwal is extremely brave, independent, and is rarely threatened or intimidated by competitors.

The breed is tolerant to people and loving towards their family, but can be aggressive and territorial to other animals. They do best when they are the only pet in the home, and should not be trusted around other dogs or smaller pets like cats or guinea pigs.

In terms of children, the Bakharwal is very affectionate towards them, but are sometimes a little too playful and don’t know the power of their own size. They should always be monitored when young children are around to prevent any playful accidents.

Because the Bakharwal is so independent, training can be difficult. The Bakharwal is an extremely intelligent breed that tends to become easily bored with routine commands. They require a strong and confident leader for proper training.

Because the Bakharwal has a strong pastoral instinct, they should not be raised in apartments. This breed needs space to wander and run.

Grooming:

The Bakharwal has a dense, double layer coat that requires regular brushing one-two times per week. Because they do have such a dense coat, they will also need an occasional trim.

The thick coat of the Bakharwal is also known to pick up burs and foxtails, so you should keep them out of forests and wooded areas where they may be present.

It’s also important to know that the Bakharwal does not do well on a regular diet. They do not digest meat well, and should typically be on a diet full of bread, milk, and other milk products.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

The two most common concerns for the Bakharwal include Canine Hip Dysplasia and Bloat:

  • Hip Dysplasia

Symptoms:

Hip Dysplasia is a type of skeletal disease and is a common condition among canines.

The condition occurs when the dog’s hip joints do not develop properly, causing the hips to dislocate.

Depending on the severity of the condition, dogs with hip dysplasia can experience minor to extreme pain, and difficulty walking.

A dog with hip dysplasia may show signs of weakness in their hind legs, pain when touched in the hip or pelvis area, changes in behaviour, difficulty or reluctance to move around, a swaying gait, or even an audible clicking sound originating in the hips when they walk.

Diagnosis:

While the signs and symptoms of hip dysplasia are pretty prevalent, the only way to officially diagnosis the condition is though a registered  veterinarian.

The veterinarian will conduct a routine physical exam and, if hip dysplasia is suspected, will conduct further tests to determine the looseness of the joint and the range of motion of the hip.

From here, x-rays can be used to provide a definitive diagnosis, as well as the severity and progression of the condition.

Treatment:

Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent hip dysplasia. With that being said, there are a variety of treatment options available.

For most dogs, treatment can include one, or a combination of, the following: dietary changes, joint supplements, anti-inflammatory medications, and physical exercise therapy.

For dogs with more advanced and serious forms of hip dysplasia, surgery may required.

  • Bloat:

Symptoms:

Bloat, also referred to as Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus, is a serious condition, and is one of the leading causes of death in canines.

Bloat is another term for “gas accumulation”.

When gas accumulates, the stomach expands and can put pressure on large arteries and veins. In return, blood stops flowing as it should, gets cut off from the stomach, and causes tissues to die as toxic products accumulate.

Bloat can also cause the stomach to rotate.

Dogs with bloat may show symptoms of vomiting, distress, a distended abdomen, restlessness, excessive salivation, panting, or pacing.

Diagnosis:

There are several different diagnostic tests that a veterinarian may use to diagnose bloat.

The first step is a physical examination wherein the veterinarian will assess your dogs abdomen.

If bloat is suspected, further tests may be suggested. These can include blood glucose testing, coagulation assays, serum chemistry tests, blood electrolyte tests, and complete blood count tests.

These tests will reveal several important factors for diagnosis including how well blood is circulating and whether any cell damage has taken place.

Most veterinarians will also recommend a urinalysis and blood gas analysis to determine the condition o the respiratory system, as well as an electrocardiogram to determine the condition of the heart.

A radiograph will also be ordered to determine whether the stomach has rotated.

Treatment

Many dogs with bloat will arrive at the veterinarian in respiratory distress and may be experiencing shock.

If this is the case, immediate stabilization is required. At the same time, monitoring of heart rate, blood pressure, and other vital signs will be of top priority.

After stabilization, the next step is gastric decompression. During this procedure, a tube will be passed down the dogs esophagus and used to release fluid and air from the stomach. The stomach will also be washed out using a lavage.

If necessary, surgery will be done to rotate the stomach back to it’s original position.

If the presence of bacteria is suspected, antibiotics may also be prescribed.

History:

The Bakharwal is an ancient breed of dog that originated in the Himalayan mountains and is considered indigenous to the higher altitudes of the Kashmir state of India.

The complete history of the Bakharwal is unknown, but many people believe that they originated over 300 years ago, and were developed by the Guijar people to protect livestock like sheep and cows.

The Bakharwal is believed to be related to the Tibetan Mastiff, as well as some older Molosser breeds including the Saih Sag, the Tuvan Sheepdog, and the Hyrcanian Mastiff.

The breed is still native to the mountains of India, and is rarely seen outside of the country. It is not recognized by the AKC or any other official breed registry in the United States.

Even in India, the breed is rare. During the 1857 uprising, many Bakharwal dogs perished while working in the front lines.

While there were still some Bakharwal’s left, the breed is difficult to repopulate because they produce smaller litters than most other breeds. The Bakharwal female can only produce between 1-3 puppies per year, and remains a rare breed in India.

Bakharwal  Dog Breed Facts & Figures

Did You Know?

  • There is little to no demand for the Bakharwal outside of the mountains of India
  • The Bakharwal is extremely independent and is considered to live a nomadic lifestyle
  • The Bakharwal is the rarest of all herding dogs
  • The future of the Bakharwal is at risk, and they are on the verge of extinction

2) Bully Kutta

Description:

The Bully Kutta, also referred to as the Bully dog, or the Alangu Mastiff, is a large breed of dog that is extremely muscular and thick boned. They range anywhere between 28-33 inches in height, and weigh anywhere between 70-90 kg.

The Bully Kutta has a thick and broad skull and muzzle that is well proportioned to the rest of their body. They have small ears that are set far apart and stand erect. The tail is long and gradually tapers to a point.

Bully Kutta literally translates to heavily wrinkled dog. The word Bully comes from the root word of the Hindi-Urdu and Punjabi languages. Bohli which means heavily wrinkled and Kutta means dog.

Wikipedia

Their skin around the neck and under the chin resembles that of a Korean Mastiff.

It has a short, but double coat of fur that is thick, coarse, and straight. Their coat can very in color and may be brown, fawn, white, brindle, or any range of other colors.

The Bully Kutta was bred for fighting purposes, and it’s strong, athletic, and muscular body is a show of how powerful the dog really is.

Personality and Temperament:

The Bully Kutta has a long history of being used as a war and fighting dog, which has led them to develop dominant and aggressive personality traits.

The breed is described as highly territorial, but makes an excellent guard dog.

With early socialization the breed will become very loyal to their master, and will aggressively defend them and their homes. With that being said, they need to be in secure fencing when the owner is not around, as they will attack strangers who enter the territory.

The Bully Kutta also does not play well with other animals. Their natural instincts are to attack, so they do best when they are the lone pet in a home. They also should not be around small children.

The Bully Kutta is not recommended for first-time dog owners, and should only be owned by experienced handlers that can display Alpha personality traits.

Grooming:

It has a short coat that doesn’t require much maintenance. It is a moderate to light shedder that only requires occasional brushing and bathing.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

It is considered to be a relatively healthy dog breed, especially when they are younger. With that being said, they can be prone to arthritis and blindness as they age:

  • Arthritis:

Symptoms:

Arthritis is a generalized term for abnormal changes in a joint.

There are several different types of arthritis that can affect dogs, the most common been degenerative joint disease.

Arthritis can be caused by a number of things including age, injuries, diabetes, obesity, and metabolic disorders.

Any joint in the body can be affected by arthritis, but the most common are the elbows, knees, hips, wrists, shoulders, ankles, and lower back.

When a dog has arthritis, they may become reluctant to do everyday activities the same way that they used to (ie. climbing stairs, walking, running, etc).

They may also display signs of lethargy, changes in appetite, irritation, depression, or other changes in personality.

Dogs with arthritis may also start to have accidents in the house.

Diagnosis:

Because dogs are good at hiding their pain, arthritis can sometimes be difficult to detect at home. A physical exam at the veterinarian can show signs of arthritis that may not be detectable at home.

If arthritis is suspected, the veterinarian may suggest a radiograph under general anesthesia.

Additional testing like force plate analysis, or aspiration of the joint fluid may also be conducted to determine the type of arthritis present.

Treatment:

Arthritis treatment often involves a complete lifestyle change for your dog. Diet and exercise will be key to keeping your dog pain free and giving them a higher quality of life.

Anti-inflammatory medications may be prescribed to reduce pain and swelling, and supplementations can help to improve flexibility.

Physiotherapy may also be suggested to help reduce pain and improve mobility. Physiotherapy, massage, and chiropractic care have all been shown to benefit dogs with arthritis.

  • Blindness:

Symptoms:

Blindness in dogs, like in humans, occurs when the dog loses their sight.

Blindness is not life threatening, but can become dangerous should your dog fall down the stairs, run in front of a car, or encounter other situations where sight is necessary.

If your dog is losing their vision they may be bumping into things, acting afraid to move, becoming clumsier than usual, unable to find their food or water, or afraid to go outside.

Dogs with sight loss may also show signs of confusion, depression, and anxiousness.

Physical signs may include redness of the eyes, enlarged pupils, or cloudiness in the eyes.

Diagnosis:

A complete physical examination by your veterinarian will test your dogs reflexes, body temperature, pupil reaction time, blood pressure, heart rate, and oxygen levels.

A complete eye examination will determine blindness, as well as the extent of blindness in your dog. Dogs may be partially blind, intermittently blind, or completely blind.

In addition to an eye examination, a veterinarian may want to rule out any underlying causes of the blindness such as diabetes or cushing’s disease. A variety of tests including blood glucose testing, complete blood count testing, and serum cholesterol testing may be required.

If necessary, an ophthalmologist may be suggested for further testing.

Treatment:

Unfortunately, there is no treatment for blindness.

If your dog has vision loss, the veterinarian can suggest everyday lifestyle changes that can help to improve your dog’s quality of life.

Any underlying causes of blindness will be treated as necessary.

History:

The Bully Kutta is a rare breed of dog and is most commonly found in the Thanjavur and Trichy districts of Southern India.

They are considered to be an ancient breed, but like many breeds in India, the exact history of the dog has been lost in time.

Some people believe that the Bully kutta was created through the crossing of Pointers with English Mastiffs, others believe that this cannot possibly be true because they believe the breed to date back to a time before Christ.

Others believe the Bully kutta was created by the Persian Army who used them to guard soldiers campsites.

Regardless of how the Bully Kutta originated, they were later adopted by the Indian Royal family and used to hunt large game. Eventually, the Royal family came to use Cheetahs for hunting, and the Bully was demoted.

Due to the ferocious and aggressive nature of the dog, they then became used for the purpose of dogfighting. Today dog fighting is illegal, and the Bully is primarily used for guarding homes.

Bully Kutta Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • Sadly, the Bully Kutta is still bred for dogfighting in Pakistan
  • The name Bully derived from the Hindi word “Bohli” which means “heavily wrinkled”
  • The Bully Kutta is one of the largest and strongest Mastiffs in all of North India

3) Chippiparai

Chippiparai sitting on the ground

Richie2089 [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons

Description:

The Chippiparai Indian dog breed is not registered, nor is it bred to any specific appearance standards. In return, it can exhibit a great variation of size and appearance.

It is a medium-sized breed that stands anywhere between 20-25 inches tall and weighs anywhere between 30-65 pounds.

The Indian dog Chippipariai is a very thin dog, to the point where the ribs are usually visible.

The breed has a very short and smooth coat that is suited for the intense heat of India weather.

The coat can vary in color, with the most popular colors being fawn, grey, black, brown, and reddish brown. Some dogs may also have more than one color in their coat.

Personality and Temperament:

The Chippiparai breed is said to be a calm and peaceful breed that forms strong bonds with family members.

The breed is devoted and loyal to those that it is close to, but is very reserved in who it gives it’s loyalty to. The Chippiparai is suspicious of strangers and usually reacts to them nervously, but not aggressively.

While the Chippiparai is very gentle with people, the same is not so with other animals. For centuries the breed was bred as a hunting dog, and therefore has strong aggressive tendencies towards non-canines.

The breed may become aggressive to unfamiliar dogs, but when properly socialized they should react just fine. With that being said, smaller dogs may be mistaken for prey, and need to be introduced cautiously.

The Chippiparai is intelligent but stubborn, and requires a strong owner for training.

They were bred for intense physical activity, and therefore require a substantial amount of exercise throughout the day. Dogs without proper energy outlets can become hyperactive and destructive.

Grooming:

The Chippiparai’s are a very low maintenance breed. They have short fur and do not require a lot of grooming aside from the occasional bath.

There aren’t a lot of reports on how much the breed sheds, but it is assumed that it sheds lightly.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

The two most common concerns for the Chippiparai are Hip Dysplasia and Patellar Luxation:

  • Hip Dysplasia

Symptoms:

Hip Dysplasia is a type of skeletal disease and is a common condition among canines.

The condition occurs when the dog’s hip joints do not develop properly, causing the hips to dislocate.

Depending on the severity of the condition, dogs with hip dysplasia can experience minor to extreme pain, and difficulty walking.

A dog with hip dysplasia may show signs of weakness in their hind legs, pain when touched in the hip or pelvis area, changes in behaviour, difficulty or reluctance to move around, a swaying gait, or even an audible clicking sound originating in the hips when they walk.

Diagnosis:

While the signs and symptoms of hip dysplasia are pretty prevalent, the only way to officially diagnosis the condition is though a registered  veterinarian.

The veterinarian will conduct a routine physical exam and, if hip dysplasia is suspected, will conduct further tests to determine the looseness of the joint and the range of motion of the hip.

From here, x-rays can be used to provide a definitive diagnosis, as well as the severity and progression of the condition.

Treatment:

Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent hip dysplasia. With that being said, there are a variety of treatment options available.

For most dogs, treatment can include one, or a combination of, the following: dietary changes, joint supplements, anti-inflammatory medications, and physical exercise therapy.

For dogs with more advanced and serious forms of hip dysplasia, surgery may required.

  • Patellar Luxation: 

Symptoms: 

Patellar Luxation is a more complex term for “kneecap dislocation”.

Of all kneecap abnormalities in dogs, patellar luxation is the most common. The condition is more prevalent among small dogs, and over twice as common in females than males.

Sometimes kneecap dislocation can be combined with degenerative arthritis, and the severity and persistence of the condition will depend on how far progressed that arthritis is.

Signs of Patellar Luxation include lifting of the hind legs, abnormal movement of the hind legs, skipping or hopping, or lameness. For dogs, this condition is only painful in the moment when the kneecap dislocates.

Pain is rarely felt once the kneecap is fully dislocated.

Diagnosis: 

There are several different ways that a dislocated kneecap can be diagnosed.

The primary form of diagnosis is through craniocaudal and mediolateral (top view and side view) X-rays.

Fluid samples from the joint may also be taken to analyze the mononuclear cells within the joint.

Routine physical exams will also be performed.

Treatment:

The treatment of Patellar Luxation will depend on the severity of the condition, as well as the overall health of the dog.

The most common treatment is surgery, but other options may include braces and bandages, or medication.

Medications like steroids, NSAID’s, and narcotics can be given to help reduce inflammation and control pain. Additional supplements like Vitamin C, Vitamin E, and Collagen can also help with pain.

History:

The Chippiparai originated in Tamil Nadu, India, where it got it’s name from the “Chippiparai” region.

They were bred by the Royal families of the area, and were seen as an embodiment of royalty and dignity.

Aside from royalty, the breed was also very popular among the affluent class. It is believed that the Chippiparai is genetically linked to the royal dogs of Egypt, including the Sloughi and the Saluki.

They were brought via sea to India, where they then mated with local breeds to create the Chippiparai that we know today.

Aside from being beloved by the royal families, the Chippiparai has long been known as a fierce hunter. They were often used to kill a variety of large and small prey, including deer, wild boar, pheasants, and hare.

Unfortunately, as the Dravidian royalties began to decline, so did the Chippiparai breed. They also started to lose popularity due to their genetic connection to Egyptian breeds, which were often looked down upon by Hindus of the region.

Today, there is only a small population of Chippiparai in existence. Most of these are limited to the state of Tamil Nadu in India, and they are rarely seen outside of the country. They are not currently recognized by any American Kennel Clubs.

Chippiparai Dog Facts & Figures

Did You Know?

  • Chippiparais are a type of sight hound, and their eyes are positioned to give them a 270 degree view of the world around them.
  • Most Chippiparais are so skinny that people think they are starving. This is not the case. Though they are not fat, the majority of their weight comes from muscles and bones.
  • Sadly, the Chippiparais are currently at risk of extinction

4) Combai Dog

Description:

The Combai is a  large size dog that stands between 17-25 inches tall and weighs between 14-24 kg.

There is no unifying standard for the Combai. In return, there are many different crossbreeds.

As a result, it’s difficult to give a definitive definition of the breed’s appearance since it is so variable. Even Combai’s that are closely related can be very different in appearance.

Having said that, most Combai’s have wide heads and powerful jaws, and are described as lean cut with solid muscle.

The ears of the Combai are inconsistent – some drop down, some prick up, and some are folded backwards. Tails are also inconsistent, ranging from short to long, and straight or curled.

Most Combai’s have a distinctive feature which is a ridge of fur running up their spine, that runs opposite in direction to the rest of their fur. Their coat is short and glossy, and is usually red in color.

Personality And Temperament:

The Combai is known for its bravery, and is considered an excellent guard dog. They are very loyal to their family and will fight to the death in order to protect them.

While they are considered to be ferocious dogs, when trained properly, they can easily refrain from aggression unless their family is in danger.

Much of a Combai’s personality depends on the owner and how they are raised. When socialized at a young age, Combai’s can be gentle with children and strangers, but without proper training they can become aggressive.

The Combai will usually tolerate other dogs, but should not be around smaller pets due to their high prey instinct.

Combai’s can do well in a house or an apartment, but do require a lot of exercise to help exhaust the large amounts of energy that they have.

Grooming:

The Combai may have a short coat, but it is known to shed a lot. In order to reduce fur loss, brushing is suggested regularly. With that being said, their coat is easy to keep clean, and they only require occasional bathing.

Common Diseases And Conditions: 

The two most common issues among the Combai breed are Hip Dysplasia and Dermatitis:

  • Hip Dysplasia

Symptoms:

Hip Dysplasia is a type of skeletal disease and is a common condition among canines.

The condition occurs when the dog’s hip joints do not develop properly, causing the hips to dislocate.

Depending on the severity of the condition, dogs with hip dysplasia can experience minor to extreme pain, and difficulty walking.

A dog with hip dysplasia may show signs of weakness in their hind legs, pain when touched in the hip or pelvis area, changes in behavior, difficulty or reluctance to move around, a swaying gait, or even an audible clicking sound originating in the hips when they walk.

Diagnosis:

While the signs and symptoms of hip dysplasia are pretty prevalent, the only way to officially diagnosis the condition is though a registered  veterinarian.

The veterinarian will conduct a routine physical exam and, if hip dysplasia is suspected, will conduct further tests to determine the looseness of the joint and the range of motion of the hip.

From here, x-rays can be used to provide a definitive diagnosis, as well as the severity and progression of the condition.

Treatment:

Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent hip dysplasia. With that being said, there are a variety of treatment options available.

For most dogs, treatment can include one, or a combination of, the following: dietary changes, joint supplements, anti-inflammatory medications, and physical exercise therapy.

For dogs with more advanced and serious forms of hip dysplasia, surgery may be required.

  • Dermatitis:

Symptoms: 

Dermatitis is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition that is often associated with allergies.

It is very common among dogs, and can be brought upon by numerous allergies including grass, mold, mites, and so on and so forth.

Dogs usually start to show signs of dermatitis between 3-6 months, but because the condition can be mild at this time, symptoms may not become present until they are older.

Symptoms associated with dermatitis progressively get worse over time, and may significantly worsen during specific seasons. Symptoms include persistent itching, rubbing, and licking.

Diagnosis: 

Diagnosis of Dermatitis will start with a complete physical exam, followed by a serologic allergy test.

If it is found that your dog does have severe allergies, intradermal testing may also be suggested. In Intradermal testing, small doses of allergens are injected into the dogs skin to determine what is causing the allergic reaction.

Treatment:

Treatment for Dermatitis will largely depend on what the cause of your dogs allergies are.

In some cases, hypo-sensitization may be recommended. During hypo-sensitization, dogs are injected with small doses of the allergens to which it is sensitive. Over time, this can decrease the dogs allergy by 60-80%.

Other options include medicines like corticosteroids and antihistamines to reduce itchiness.

History:

The Combai’s history can be traced back to the 15th century where it originated in the Southern part of India.

With that being said, there are some enthusiasts who would argue that the existence of the Combai dates all the way back to the 9th century.

Anciently, the breed was used for hunting, and was used to track and attack bison, deer, and wild boar.

Many also believe that the breed was used by armies in the revolt against the British subjugation.

Unfortunately, despite efforts to maintain the breed, the numbers are dwindling and, like many other dogs on this list, is facing extinction.

Combai Dog Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • The Combai is a type of sighthound, but unlike many other sighthounds, does not have a 270-degree range of vision. Rather, they only have a 200 degree view.
  • The Combai has adapted to the rough conditions in which it has previously lived, and can survive on very little food.

5) Gaddi Kutta

Description:

The Gaddi Kutta is a large dog that stands around 34 inches tall and weighs in at up to 182 pounds.

They are a massive Mastiff-type breed, but are considered to be more elegant and composed than their cousin, the Tibetan Mastiff.

The Gaddi Kutta has a thick, pointed skull, along with a thick neck that makes it difficult for predators to grab hold of.

They have a thick mane, and a double coat with dark or black overcoating, combined with tan or brown patches on the face and underside.

Personality And Temperament:

The Gaddi Kutta is an extremely strong and intelligent breed of dog. They make great guard dogs, and are often used for herding sheep and protecting land.

Their history of working in the Himalayas allowed them to build their tolerance for treacherous conditions.

They are extremely graceful, vivacious, and energetic. They require a great deal of exercise.

The Gaddi Kutta is extremely loyal, and will protect their family at any cost. While they will work to fend off intruders, they are very loving and affectionate towards family members. They are good with children, and will become very protective over them.

When properly socialized, they are unlikely to attack humans or other dogs unless provoked or threatened.

Grooming:

The Gaddi Kutta has an extremely long and heavy coat of fur that requires regular grooming. They shed a lot, and therefore need to be brushed regularly to keep messes at a minimum.

Owners of a Gaddi Kutta should also expect a lot of drooling. If drooling is a concern, the Gaddi Kutta probably isn’t the right breed for you.

Common Diseases And Conditions:

Gaddi Kutta’s have adapted over time to live in the harsh conditions of the Himalayas. As a result of natural selection, only dogs that were resistant to infections and parasites survived. As a result, the breed is considered to be extremely robust and healthy.

They have no genetically inherited conditions, or conditions to which they are prone.

Having said that, they are still subject to common canine health concerns and should undergo regular health check-ups at the veterinarian.

History:

Though it is known that the Gaddi Kutta is a type of Mastiff, the exact origins of the breed are unknown.

Many people believe that they were developed through crossbreeding of the Tibetan Mastiffs and wild dogs.

Though biology suggests otherwise, many locals also believe that the Gaddi Kutta is a cross between a tiger and a dog.

This local legend, however, may have come about because the breed is as ferocious as a tiger, yet as loyal as a dog.

Over time, the breed has adapted to living outdoors and in the harsh conditions that surround it.

Gaddi Kutta Dog Facts & Figures

Did You Know?

  • The Gaddi Kutta got it’s name from the local term “Gaddi” which translates to Shepherd
  • The Gaddi  Kutta shares genetics with the Australian dingoes
  • The Gaddi Kutta is not considered the ideal breed for city life, and this fact could limit their numbers in the future.

6) Gull Dong

Description:

The Gull Dong is a large breed of dog that is both muscular and powerful.

They are taller than most Pakistani breeds, and stand between 30-42 inches tall. They weigh anywhere between 90-140 pounds, and have a massive head with a powerful muzzle.

The Gull Dong has small ears that can be floppy, but that are often cropped and erect.

They have a short, smooth coat of hair that comes in a variety of different colors including black, white, grey, and brindle.

Personality and Temperament:

The Gull Dong is a breed that is not well suited to be a family pet. While they are loyal and devoted to their master, they much prefer to be working on a farm than cuddling on the couch.

They tend to be very dominant in their nature, and require a strong owner who can take on the role of pack leader.

The Gull Dong has a natural distrust towards strangers and needs to be socialized and trained at a very young age.

Without the leadership of a strong owner, they can become difficult to manage. With that being said, the Gull Dong is a very intelligent breed and, with a strong leader, will learn very quickly.

This breed is bred to be a working dog, and does not do well in apartments. Their ideal homestead is a farm, or a house with a lot of land.

If you can earn the loyalty and trust of the Gull Dog, they will be loving and affectionate, and fight to protect you with their life.

Grooming:

The Gull Dung is a very low maintenance breed. They have short hair that always looks well groomed.

They are average shedders, but the loosest fur can be removed with a once-a-week brushing session.

The Gull Dong doesn’t require a lot of bathing, just a quick rub down with a damp cloth is needed to clean their fur.

Please note, however, that this can be a “moody” breed, and requires an introduction to the grooming process at a young age to avoid aggressive tendencies.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

The Gull Dong is considered to be a very healthy breed with very few major concerns. With that being said, they can be susceptible to ear infections and deafness:

  • Ear infections: 

Symptoms:

There are three different types of ear infection, each of which affect different parts of the ear: otitis externa (inflammation that affects the external part of the ear canal), media (affecting the middle ear), and internal (affecting the inner ear canal). Most media and internal infections are the result of an infection spreading from the outer ear.

The severity of an ear infection often depends on how deep into the ear it has traveled. The more internal the infection, the more of a concern it becomes. More advanced cases of infection can lead to deafness, facial paralysis, or vestibular disease.

The earlier that you can catch an infection, the more positive the prognosis.

Dogs with ear infections may show signs of head shaking, whining, pawing at the ear, dark discharge from the ear, redness and swelling of the ear, itchiness, or odor eliminating from the ear.

Diagnosis: 

If your dog shows signs of an ear infection, it’s important to take them to a vet immediately to prevent it from spreading to the inner ear.

Upon the visit, prepare to provide your vet with a thorough history. They may want to know about the duration of the symptoms, your dogs diet, any allergies your dog has, any medication they are taking, how often you clean their ears, and any recent activities they may have engaged in. If your dog has a history of ear infections, this is also important to tell the vet.

After taking a detailed history of your pet, an examination will be conducted. Depending on how painful the infection is for your dog, this may or may not require sedation.

An examination may include a visual assessment, an assessment of pain level, tissue samples and cultures, and an otoscope exam. In severe or chronic cases, biopsies and x-rays may be required.

Treatment: 

If your dog has an ear infection, the veterinarian will perform a thorough cleaning of their ears and will prescribe topical medications or antibiotics to be applied or taken at home.

In most cases some type of steroid will also be administered to help ease inflammation.

More mild cases of ear infection take between 10-30 days to resolve. More extreme cases can take months, or may even be chronic.

  • Deafness: 

Symptoms: 

Deafness refers to hearing loss, and can be partial, temporary, or total. It can be caused by numerous things including heredity, infection, trauma, birth defects, age, or blocked canals.

Some types of deafness, like those due to heredity, age, or trauma, are permanent and not treatable. Other types, such as those caused by infection or blocked ear canal, can be temporary and treatable.

If your dog stops responding to noise, there is a good chance that they could be experiencing deafness. Dogs with hearing loss may also be difficult to awaken, or easily startled when awoken.

Diagnosis: 

To diagnose hearing loss, a veterinarian will conduct a physical examination of the ear.

If hearing loss is suspected, ear swabs and cultures will be taken to diagnose the cause and mode of treatment. Radiographs may also be used to determine possible causes.

Treatment: 

The course of treatment for hearing loss depends on the cause. Some types of deafness, like congenital and geriatric, are not treatable.

Hearing aids are available, but are often costly, and not received well by dogs.

If a foreign body is the cause of the deafness (ie. ear wax or overgrown hair), it will be removed.

If there is an infection, topical ointment and/or oral antibiotics will be prescribed.

If a tumor is the cause of the deafness, surgery may be necessary.

History:

The Gull Dong originated in Pakistan where it was crossed between Gull Terriers and the Bully Katta.

Though the breed is popular in Pakistan and Northern India, it is quite rare anywhere else in the world.

Unfortunately, there are no official records that track the history of the breed. With that being said, it is well known that they were bred to be working dogs.

They have also been used in history as guard dogs, hunters, and fighting dogs. Sadly, though dog fighting is outlawed in most of the world, including Pakistan, it is often still practiced in the homeland.

Gull Dong Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • The Gull Dong is a working dog, and is happiest when given a job to do
  • The Gull Dong costs between $39-$52 per month to feed and upkeep.

7) Gull Terrier

Description: 

The Gull Terrier is a mid-sized dog. They stand between 20-26 inches in height and weigh between 77-99 pounds.

The purest Gull Terriers have large, erect ears, but depending on the purity, they may also have semi-erect or dropped ears.

The Gull Terrier is tall, broad-chested, and has a short, white coat. The coat is smooth, and though it is always white, some breeds might have dark markings on the face. If the breed is any color other than white, it is not pure.

Personality and Temperament:

The Gull Terrier is very protective of both it’s property and its family, and is often wary of strangers.

The breed is loyal, and likes to be around it’s owner as much as possible.

The breed is good with children, but should never be left unmonitored around strangers.

They are very intelligent and easily trained if you start at a young age. With that being said, the Gull Terrier is a ferral dog that requires a strong leader that can provide firm and consistent training and discipline. Without structure, they may become destructive.

Gull Terriers should not be trusted around other dogs or pets. The breed is known to be quick, strong, and agile on their feet, and will attack smaller animals without hesitation.

They are a very energetic breed and require regular daily exercise.

Grooming:

The Gull Terrier has short fur that requires little maintenance. With that being said, their smooth coat is very thick. When brushed, use a brush with firm bristles.

They are considered to be moderate shedders, but regular brushing can help to keep the loose fur at bay.

Common Diseases and Conditions

The Gull Terrier has few health concerns, but can be prone to deafness:

  • Deafness: 

Symptoms: 

Deafness refers to hearing loss, and can be partial, temporary, or total. It can be caused by numerous things including heredity, infection, trauma, birth defects, age, or blocked canals.

Some types of deafness, like those due to heredity, age, or trauma, are permanent and not treatable. Other types, such as those caused by infection or blocked ear canal, can be temporary and treatable.

If your dog stops responding to noise, there is a good chance that they could be experiencing deafness. Dogs with hearing loss may also be difficult to awaken, or easily startled when awoken.

Diagnosis: 

To diagnose hearing loss, a veterinarian will conduct a physical examination of the ear.

If hearing loss is suspected, ear swabs and cultures will be taken to diagnose the cause and mode of treatment. Radiographs may also be used to determine possible causes.

Treatment: 

The course of treatment for hearing loss depends on the cause. Some types of deafness, like congenital and geriatric, are not treatable.

Hearing aids are available, but are often costly, and not received well by dogs.

If a foreign body is the cause of the deafness (ie. ear wax or overgrown hair), it will be removed.

If there is an infection, topical ointment and/or oral antibiotics will be prescribed.

If a tumor is the cause of the deafness, surgery may be necessary.

History:

The origins of the Pakistani Bull Terrier started when the British Army brought English Bull Terriers over to India.

These dogs were crossed with local breeds to create the Gull Terrier. This is why they so closely resemble their cousins, the English Bull Terrier.

Sadly, due to the fearless nature of the Gull Terrier, they were commonly used for things like bear baiting and dog fighting. These are now illegal in the country, and the breed is most commonly used as a guard dog.

Gull Terrier Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • Many people try to sell Gull Terriers that have been extremely inbred. It’s important to research a dog’s lineage before buying, as an inbred dog is likely to have far more health and temperament issues.

8) Indian Spitz

Description:

The Indian Spitz is a small to mid-size breed of dog that is often separated into two categories: the Smaller, or Lesser, Indian Spitz, and the Greater Indian Spitz.

The Smaller Indian Spitz weighs between 11-15 pounds and stands between 20-25 cm tall. The Greater Indian Spitz is a little larger, weighing between 26-44 pounds and standing between 35-45 cm tall.

The breed has erect standing ears, and a tail that curls on to the back.

They have a long-haired coat that can become in several different colors including brown and black, though they are most often a milky white. Though rare, some Indian Spitz can be a hybrid of black and white, much like a Dalmatian.

Personality and Temperament:

The Indian Spitz is a high-spirited dog that is loving and affectionate with its family, including children.

They are playful, intelligent, and are very quick learners. They enjoy playing with children, and usually gets along well with other dogs.

The Indian Spitz, much like many other small breeds of dog, thinks it’s much larger than it actually is. They like to protect the household, and will bark when strangers are nearby. Without proper training, barking can become excessive, so it’s important to start training at a young age.

Dogs without proper training can also develop other behavioral issues such as destructiveness, separation anxiety, nipping, and biting. They need a strong and consistent leader who can provide them with training, and the large amounts of mental and physical stimulation that they require.

Grooming:

The Indian Spitz is a very cleanly dog that only requires a few baths per year. Having said that, they do have long fur and are known to shed often. Regular brushing is a necessity to keep the loose fur at bay.

During summer months, the long fur of Indian Spitz can attract fleas and ticks, so it’s important to check their fur regularly.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

The Indian Spitz is a relatively healthy breed of dog, but can be prone to Kidney issues:

  • Kidney Disease

Symptoms:

Kidney disease is not usually seen in younger dogs, but may develop as they age.

It can have an effect on a variety of things including the regulation of blood pressure, blood sugar, and blood volume, as well as pH levels and hormone production.

Because Kidney disease is slow to develop, signs and symptoms may not be apparent until the disease has progressed past the point of treatment. With that being said, if caught early enough, treatments are available to help slow down the progression of the disease.

Symptoms to look for include vomiting, diarrhea or constipation, depression, lethargy, weight loss, seizures, and blood in the urine. Dogs experiencing Kidney failure may also show signs of increased thirst, or increased tendency to urinate.

Diagnosis:

In order to diagnose Kidney failure, your dog will require several tests including a chemical profile of the blood, a urinalysis, a complete blood count test, and a blood pressure test.

Because dogs with kidney failure may also have anemia, tests may also be conducted to determine electrolyte levels.

Treatment:

Unfortunately, there are no current treatments for chronic kidney failure. Having said that, there are some options available to help slow down the progression and minimize the symptoms.

Things like fluid therapy may be suggested to help improve hydration and prevent dehydration.

A new diet plan may also be suggested to help manage the disease. Diet plans for the kidneys usually restrict phosphorus and sodium intake, and increase polyunsaturated fatty acids. Specially formulated dog foods are available for conditions such as kidney failure.

In addition to managing diet, supplements like Vitamin D and Phosphorus binders may be suggested.

History:

The Indian Spitz is one of the most popular Indian dog breeds.

They were first introduced by the British and descended from the German Spitz.

Over time, they maintained their intelligence, but adapted to the heat of the Indian summers.

Unfortunately, not much else is known about the history of the Spitz.

Indian Spitz Facts and Figures:

Did you know?

  • The Indian Spitz is often compared to the Samoyed, which is one of the most expensive dogs on the Indian dog breeds price list
  • The Spitz history links them with wolves. Like wolves, they like to hunt rodents and pigeon, and they often hunt in the same fashion as the wolf (knees bent and slowly approaching).
  • The Spitz has an average lifespan that is longer than many other breeds (10-14). The oldest recorded Spitz lived to be 18 years old.

9) Jonangi

Description:

The Jonangi is a mid-sized dog that stands between 17-21 inches in height, and weighs between 28-48 pounds.

The breed is sleek, but muscular, with long and powerful legs. They have pricked ears and are best known for their unique wrinkled foreheads.

Because the Jonangi has been so interbred with other dogs, there is a lot of variation in their appearance.

Their coat is very short, but they come in a variety of different colours including fawn, white, chocolate, black, and anything in between. They are often piebald or patchy, but again, their appearance can vary greatly.

Personality and Temperament:

The Jonangi is not the most intelligent breed of dog, but they will do anything for a treat, and therefore are easy to train.

They are also very easy going, and make excellent family dogs. The Jonangi breed is loving and affectionate with both adults and children.

They are protective of their family and can be wary of strangers, but are unlikely to show any form of aggression unless they feel threatened.

The Jonangi is best suited for an active family or owner as they have a lot of energy to expel.

Grooming:

The Jonangi has a very short coat, and therefore requires very little in the way of grooming.

Common Diseases and Conditions

In terms of health, the Jonangi has a high rating among breeders, and no known health concerns. They seem to have a high tolerance to common canine health risks, but do still require regular check-ups with a registered veterinarian.

History:

The Jonangi has a long history as a herding and hunting dog on the East Coast of India.

The breed is thought to have originated in the Kolleru and Pulicat Lakes regions, where they were bred by duck herders to keep them safe from predators.

Today the Jonangi is not recognized by any major kennel association, and though they were once a very popular breed, are now nearing extinction.

Jonangi Dog Facts and Figures:

Did You Know?

  • In history, the Jonangi Dog often had to fend for itself. As a result, it developed long strides that allow it travel very long distances.
  • The Jonangi dog doesn’t bark – it “yodels”
  • It is very to difficult to find a Jonangi to buy. In return, a puppy can cost anywhere between $3000-$6000.

10) Kaikadi Dog

Description:

The Kaikadi is a small breed of dog that stands between 35-45 cm tall, and weighs between 37-47 pounds.

They have long, thin legs, but very powerful thighs. They have a long, tapering tail, and floppy ears that stand erect when alert.

The Kaikadi breed has short hair that can be white, tan, or black in color.

They are lean and muscular, and are often said to resemble an Italian Greyhound or Whippet.

Personality and Temperament:

The Kaikadi is a breed of dog that loves the outdoors. They do best on farms, or in homes with large open yards. They have a lot of energy and do not thrive in cities or apartments.

The breed is described as friendly, affectionate, and a  good companion. They like to be around people, but are also very independent and don’t mind being along while their owner steps out.

The Kaikadi breed is very alert, as well as territorial and protective of their property. In return, they make excellent guard dogs.

The breed does well with children, but can be very sensitive. If rowdy, undisciplined children are around, this breed will quickly become very anxious.

When socialized from a young age, the Kaikadi can do well with other dogs, but due to its strong impulse to chase and catch, should not be left alone around smaller pets.

Grooming:

The Kaikadi has a coat that is short, flat, and smooth. Aside from a seasonal flea treatment, the breed does not require a lot of grooming. With that being said, like all dogs they do shed, though they are only considered light shedders, and don’t shed a lot in comparison with other breeds.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

The two most common health concerns for the Kaikadi dog include Hypoglycemia and Pancreatitis:

  • Hypoglycemia:

Symptoms:

Hypoglycemia is another term for “low blood sugar”. Hypoglycemia isn’t actually a disease itself, but is usually the symptom of an underlying issue.

When the body is deprived of it’s main energy source, the ability to function declines, and in severe cases, loss of consciousness and death are possible.

Dogs who are hypoglycaemic may show signs of lethargy, loss of appetite, trembling, muscle spasms, incoordination, or other abnormal behaviours. In severe cases, unconsciousness and blindness can arise.

Diagnosis:

Diagnosis of Hypoglycemia will start with a thorough physical examination, as well as a blood glucose test to test sugar levels in the blood.

Further tests may also be conducted to rule out any underlying conditions. These may include, but are not limited to, chemistry tests, CBC tests, electrolyte tests, urinalysis testing, thyroid testing, cortisol tests, and ultrasound testing.

Treatment:

If your dog has hypoglycaemia, the first step is to treat the low blood sugar. To do this, oral or intravenous glucose supplements will be given.  Further treatments will focus on the underlying cause of the condition.

  • Pancreatitis:

Symptoms:

The Pancreas is an organ that helps to control blood sugar levels and digest food. When it becomes inflamed, a condition known as Pancreatitis results. The condition can pass quickly, or can remain for longer durations.

If a dog has Pancreatitis, they may show signs such as loss of appetite, vomiting, and whining. Other symptoms can include diarrhea, lethargy, difficulty breathing, dehydration, fever, or irregular heartbeat.

Diagnosis:

In order to diagnosis Pancreatitis, your veterinarian will complete a thorough physical exam and will conduct a series of diagnostic tests. These tests may include Chemistry testing, CBC testing, electrolyte testing, and other pancreas-specific tests.

Treatment:

Depending on the severity of the disease, intravenous fluids and hospitalization may be required.

Veterinarians may also suggest medications to help ease the pain and reduce vomiting, as well as antibiotics if bacterial infection is suspected. Nutritional support and other medications may also be prescribed depending on the symptoms present.

History:

The Kaikadi is a terrier type dog that originated in India and were named after the Maharashtra Nomadic Tribe.

Unfortunately, the history of the breed is difficult to trace because the breed has been mixed with they stray dogs of Indian for many generations. With that being said, it is well known that they were once used by the Kaikadi tribes to hunt small prey like vermin and hare.

Because the breed is so mixed, it is not currently recognized as a standard breed by any kennel clubs.

Kaikadi Dog Facts and Figures:

Did You Know?

â–Ș     The Kaikadi dog is extremely rare, even in India. They are very difficult to find.

11) Kanni Dog

Kanni dog breed

Futuristicpal [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons

Description:

The Kanni dog is a mid-size breed that stands between 22-25 inches tall and weighs between 35-48 pounds. The breed is tall

and slender and bears a striking resemblance to the Greyhound.

They have a skinny tail that drops down and may or may not curl at the end. Their ears vary depending on the variety, and may drop, semi-drop, or stand erect.

The breed has a short coat of fur that comes in four colors: brown, cream, black & tan, or brindle.

Personality and Temperament:

The Kanni is often described as a very shy breed of dog. With that being said, they are very loyal to, and protective of, their families.

They are very intelligent and easy to train, but also have a will of their own.

The breed has a great deal of energy, and requires at least an hour of exercise per day. While they are not a destructive breed, they can become destructive if their energy is not exhausted in other ways.

The Kanni loves human companionship and do not do well in isolation.

Grooming:

The Kanni breed has a very short, close-lying coat that does not require a lot of grooming. Professional grooming is never required, but a bath may be in order if they are playing in the dirt.

The Kanni are not heavy shedders.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

The Kanni is a generally healthy breed of dog, but is prone to dental diseases like Periodontal disease and Halitosis:

  • Periodontal Disease:

Symptoms:

Periodontal diseases, also referred to as gum disease, is a progressive disease of the mouth. It starts silent, but if not treated can lead to chronic pain, eroded gums, bone loss, and loss of teeth.

It’s caused by plaque bacteria, and is five times more common in dogs than in humans, mainly because dogs don’t have their teeth brushed everyday.

Unfortunately, there are no signs or symptoms during the initial stages of periodontal disease. Once the disease has advanced, dogs may show signs of difficulty eating, bleeding gums, loose teeth, bad breath, chewing on mouth, or nasal discharge.

Diagnosis:

In order to determine if your dog has periodontal disease, an oral examination will be conducted. If there is more than 2mm of distance between the gums and the teeth, a periodontal abnormality will be suspected and X-rays will be required to determine the severity and progression of the disease.

Treatment:

The treatment for Periodontal Disease in dogs depends on how advanced the disease is.

In the initial stages of the disease, plaque fighting treatments such as professional cleansing and daily brushing will be suggested.

In the middle stages, antibiotic gel will be required to rejuvenate the tissues and decrease the space between the gums and the teeth. More advanced stages of Periodontal disease may require bone replacement, splinting, or tissue regeneration.

  • Halitosis:

Symptoms:

Halitosis refers to an offensive door, or in simpler terms, bad breath. It can be caused by a variety of things including plaque bacteria, tartar, tissue death, and decomposing food particles. The main cause of Halitosis is periodontal disease.

Diagnosis:

If your dog suffers from chronic bad breath, it’s important to take them to the veterinarian to determine the underlying cause.

An oral examination will be conducted, and other tests such as blood chemistry tests, cell count tests, and urinalysis may be requested to rule out underlying disorders like liver disease or diabetes.

Treatment:

Treatment of Halitosis will depend on the underlying cause. Treatments may include:

  • Dental cleanings to remove plaque and tartar
  • Tooth extractions to remove broken or decayed teeth
  • Antibiotic medications to treat infections
  • Insulin injections (if underlying cause is diabetes)
  • Surgery (if underlying cause is cancer or gastrointestinal disease)

History:

The Kanni Dog is native to the state of Tamil Nadu in India. In ancient times they were used by landlords for hunting. The name of the Kanni translates to “pure” and is indicative of their loyalty and purity of heart.

Unfortunately, not much else in known about the history of this breed.

Kanni Dog Facts and Figures:

Did You Know?

  • The Kanni dog was traditionally given to newlywed brides as a gift of protection
  • The Kanni breed is extremely rare, and as of today, there are no current efforts to revive the breed.

12) Kumaon Mastiff

Description:

The Kumaon Mastiff is a large breed of dog that stands between 21-26 inches in height and weights between 150-180 pounds.

They have a lean, muscular body, with a large head and thick neck.

The Kumaon Mastiff has ears that hang down, and a long tapering tail.

The breed has loose skin, and short fur that varies from light to dark in colour, but that is almost always brindle.

Personality and Temperament:

The Kumaon is a very loving and loyal breed, that make excellent guard dogs. They have a strong protective instinct, and may come off as aggressive to intruders. With that being said, they are good with both children and other pets.

The Kuamon breed requires a strong and confident owner, and needs to be socialized from a young age.

They require regular stimulation, and if they don’t get enough, they can become destructive.

Grooming:

The Kumaon has a short coat of fur and requires a limited amount of grooming. Shedding is moderate throughout the year, but heavier in spring months.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

The two most common health concerns for the Kuamon Mastiff include Hip Dysplasia and Bloat:

  • Hip Dysplasia

Symptoms:

Hip Dysplasia is a type of skeletal disease and is a common condition among canines.

The condition occurs when the dog’s hip joints do not develop properly, causing the hips to dislocate.

Depending on the severity of the condition, dogs with hip dysplasia can experience minor to extreme pain, and difficulty walking.

A dog with hip dysplasia may show signs of weakness in their hind legs, pain when touched in the hip or pelvis area, changes in behavior, difficulty or reluctance to move around, a swaying gait, or even an audible clicking sound originating in the hips when they walk.

Diagnosis:

While the signs and symptoms of hip dysplasia are pretty prevalent, the only way to officially diagnosis the condition is though a registered  veterinarian.

The veterinarian will conduct a routine physical exam and, if hip dysplasia is suspected, will conduct further tests to determine the looseness of the joint and the range of motion of the hip.

From here, x-rays can be used to provide a definitive diagnosis, as well as the severity and progression of the condition.

Treatment:

Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent hip dysplasia. With that being said, there are a variety of treatment options available.

For most dogs, treatment can include one, or a combination of, the following: dietary changes, joint supplements, anti-inflammatory medications, and physical exercise therapy.

For dogs with more advanced and serious forms of hip dysplasia, surgery may required.

  • Bloat:

Symptoms:

Bloat, also referred to as Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus, is a serious condition, and is one of the leading causes of death in canines.

Bloat is another term for “gas accumulation”.

When gas accumulates, the stomach expands and can put pressure on large arteries and veins. In return, blood stops flowing as it should, gets cut off from the stomach, and causes tissues to die as toxic products accumulate.

Bloat can also cause the stomach to rotate.

Dogs with bloat may show symptoms of vomiting, distress, a distended abdomen, restlessness, excessive salivation, panting, or pacing.

Diagnosis:

There are several different diagnostic tests that a veterinarian may use to diagnose bloat.

The first step is a physical examination wherein the veterinarian will assess your dogs abdomen.

If bloat is suspected, further tests may be suggested. These can include blood glucose testing, coagulation assays, serum chemistry tests, blood electrolyte tests, and complete blood count tests.

These tests will reveal several important factors for diagnosis including how well blood is circulating and whether any cell damage has taken place.

Most veterinarians will also recommend a urinalysis and blood gas analysis to determine the condition o the respiratory system, as well as a electrocardiogram to determine the condition of the heart.

A radiograph will also be ordered to determine whether the stomach has rotated.

Treatment

Many dogs with bloat will arrive at the veterinarian in respiratory distress and may be experiencing shock. If this is the case, immediate stabilization is required. At the same time, monitoring of heart rate, blood pressure, and other vital signs will be of top priority.

After stabilization, the next step is gastric decompression. During this procedure, a tube will be passed down the dogs esophagus and used to release fluid and air from the stomach. The stomach will also be washed out using a lavage.

If necessary, surgery will be done to rotate the stomach back to it’s original position.

If the presence of bacteria is suspected, antibiotics may also be prescribed.

History:

The Kumaon Mastiff is an ancient breed of dog that is indigenous to the region of Kumaon in the Himalayan Mountains. Like many breeds on this list, the exact history of the Kumaon is unknown.

Some dog researchers believe that it was foreign explorers that brought the dogs to the region, and Indian Tribesmen that started to breed them.

Some researchers believe that the Kuamon are descendants of the Molosser breeds, while others say that they are cousins of the Indian Mountain dog breeds.

Other researchers still suggest that it was Alexander the Great who brought the breed to India in 300 BC.

Unfortunately, there is no documentation to support any of these claims as factual.

Kumaon Mastiff Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • Kumaon Mastiffs are often mistaken for Great Danes due to their similar appearance.
  • The Kumaon are a now a rare breed, with only an estimated 150-200 in existence.

13) Mahratta Greyhound

Description:

The Mahratta Greyhound, sometimes referred to as the Maratha greyhound, is a large breed of dog that stands between 21-24 inches tall and weighs between 44-54 pounds.

They are a breed of sighthound that are slim, yet very well-muscled and strong-backed.

They have a fur short coat that helps to protect them from the Indian heat, and usually come in shades of black & tan, tan, or brown.

Personality and Temperament:

The Mahratta has excellent eyesight, along with strength, muscle, and speed that makes them excellent for the hunt. They have an above average intelligence, but require repetitive training commands.

They are affectionate, loving, and friendly, but at the same time are independent and unlikely to create close bonds.

The Mahratta Greyhound enjoys social interaction, and loves playing with children and other dogs. With that being said, they also have a strong prey drive, and should not be left unmonitored around smaller animals.

For the most part, however, the Mahratta Greyhound is a non-aggressive breed that makes a great family pet.

Grooming:

The Mahratta Greyhound is a low maintenance breed that does not require a lot of grooming. While they do shed, their shedding level is considered low.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

The Mahratta is considered to be an overall healthy breed of dog. Their only common concern is Halitosis:

  • Halitosis:

Symptoms:

Halitosis refers to an offensive door, or in simpler terms, bad breath. It can be caused by a variety of things including plaque bacteria, tartar, tissue death, and decomposing food particles. The main cause of Halitosis is periodontal disease.

Diagnosis:

If your dog suffers from chronic bad breath, it’s important to take them to the veterinarian to determine the underlying cause.

An oral examination will be conducted, and other tests such as blood chemistry tests, cell count tests, and urinalysis may be requested to rule out underlying disorders like liver disease or diabetes.

Treatment:

Treatment of Halitosis will depend on the underlying cause. Treatments may include:

  • Dental cleanings to remove plaque and tartar
  • Tooth extractions to remove broken or decayed teeth
  • Antibiotic medications to treat infections
  • Insulin injections (if underlying cause is diabetes)
  • Surgery (if underlying cause is cancer or gastrointestinal disease)

History:

The Mahratta is a rare breed of dog and little is known about their history. Many believe that the Mahratta Greyhound is of relation to the Saluki breed, while others theorize that they were derived from other indigenous sighthound breeds.

They have been used in history for hunting small and medium sized game.

To date, they are not currently recognized by any major kennel club.

Mahratta Greyhound Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • The average annual cost to own a Mahratta Greyhound is between $420-$780

14) Mudhol Hound

Description:

The Mudhol Hound, sometimes referred to as the Caravan Hound, is a type of sighthound. It is considered to be a mid to large size breed, standing between 22-28 inches tall and weighing between 45-85 pounds.

They are a lean, muscular dog with long legs and a long neck.

They v-shaped ears that hang down and a tail that is set high and curves at the end.

They have short fur that can be either smooth or silky, and come in all color combinations including red, fawn, grey, black, and sable.

Personality and Temperament:

The Mudhol Hound is a gentle breed that are loyal to their owners and families.

They are cautious towards strangers, and don’t like being touched by anyone but their owners. For this reason, Mudhol’s need to be socialized at an early age.

They also require a gentle, but firm and consistent owner. The Mudhol is a sensitive breed, and when owners are too harsh the dog can become nervous, leading to aggression.

Despite this, Mudhol usually do quite well with children and other dogs. With that being said, the Mudhol does have strong hunting instincts, and should not be trusted around smaller animals that could be considered prey.

Much of this dogs personality depends on that of the owner. Owners who are consistent, yet gentle will raise a Mudhol that is well adapted and gentle too. Owners who are harsh may create behavioural issues in the dog.

Grooming:

Despite the fact that the Mudhol has short fur, they do shed a lot. They need to be brushed once or twice per week to remove dead fur and keep shedding at a minimum.

Mudhol’s should only be bathed on an as-needed basis, as too much bathing can remove the protective oils on their fur.

The Mudhol has ears that hang down and that can be prone to infection. It’s important to clean their ears regularly, and check for infections on a regular basis.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

The two main health concerns for the Mudhol are ear infections and Bloat:

  • Ear infections: 

Symptoms:

There are three different types of ear infection, each of which affect different parts of the ear: otitis externa (inflammation that affects the external part of the ear canal), media (affecting the middle ear), and internal (affecting the inner ear canal). Most media and internal infections are the result of an infection spreading from the outer ear.

The severity of an ear infection often depends on how deep into the ear it has traveled. The more internal the infection, the more of a concern it becomes. More advanced cases of infection can lead to deafness, facial paralysis, or vestibular disease.

The earlier that you can catch an infection, the more positive the prognosis.

Dogs with ear infections may show signs of head shaking, whining, pawing at the ear, dark discharge from the ear, redness and swelling of the ear, itchiness, or odor eliminating from the ear.

Diagnosis: 

If your dog shows signs of an ear infection, it’s important to take them to a vet immediately to prevent it from spreading to the inner ear.

Upon the visit, prepare to provide your vet with a thorough history. They may want to know about the duration of the symptoms, your dogs diet, any allergies your dog has, any medication they are taking, how often you clean their ears, and any recent activities they may have engaged in. If your dog has a history of ear infections, this is also important to tell the vet.

After taking a detailed history of your pet, an examination will be conducted. Depending on how painful the infection is for your dog, this may or may not require sedation.

An examination may include a visual assessment, an assessment of pain level, tissue samples and cultures, and an otoscope exam. In severe or chronic cases, biopsies and x-rays may be required.

Treatment: 

If your dog has an ear infection, the veterinarian will perform a thorough cleaning of their ears and will prescribe topical medications or antibiotics to be applied or taken at home.

In most cases some type of steroid will also be administered to help ease inflammation.

More mild cases of ear infection take between 10-30 days to resolve. More extreme cases can take months, or may even be chronic.

  • Bloat:

Symptoms:

Bloat, also referred to as Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus, is a serious condition, and is one of the leading causes of death in canines.

Bloat is another term for “gas accumulation”.

When gas accumulates, the stomach expands and can put pressure on large arteries and veins. In return, blood stops flowing as it should, gets cut off from the stomach, and causes tissues to die as toxic products accumulate.

Bloat can also cause the stomach to rotate.

Dogs with bloat may show symptoms of vomiting, distress, a distended abdomen, restlessness, excessive salivation, panting, or pacing.

Diagnosis:

There are several different diagnostic tests that a veterinarian may use to diagnose bloat.

The first step is a physical examination wherein the veterinarian will assess your dogs abdomen.

If bloat is suspected, further tests may be suggested. These can include blood glucose testing, coagulation assays, serum chemistry tests, blood electrolyte tests, and complete blood count tests.

These tests will reveal several important factors for diagnosis including how well blood is circulating and whether any cell damage has taken place.

Most veterinarians will also recommend a urinalysis and blood gas analysis to determine the condition o the respiratory system, as well as an electrocardiogram to determine the condition of the heart.

A radiograph will also be ordered to determine whether the stomach has rotated.

Treatment

Many dogs with bloat will arrive at the veterinarian in respiratory distress and may be experiencing shock. If this is the case, immediate stabilization is required. At the same time, monitoring of heart rate, blood pressure, and other vital signs will be of top priority.

After stabilization, the next step is gastric decompression. During this procedure, a tube will be passed down the dogs esophagus and used to release fluid and air from the stomach. The stomach will also be washed out using a lavage.

If necessary, surgery will be done to rotate the stomach back to it’s original position.

If the presence of bacteria is suspected, antibiotics may also be prescribed.

History:

Although the exact history of the Mudhol Hound is unknown, many people believe that they arrived in India by chasing the caravans of settlers arriving from Arabian and Asian countries (this is where they get their alternative name, the “Caravan” dog).

Though there is no documentation or proof, many people believe that the Mudhol is a direct descendant of the Afghan hound, who was bred with other local Indian breeds to create the Mudhol we know today.

In history, this breed was very popular in India, and was common dog among both Royalty and Peasantry.

They were most commonly used for guarding and hunting, but in the 1600’s-1700s they also served in the military to help fight for India’s freedom. Not only did they work as guard dogs at the time, but they were also used to sniff out bombs.

In more recent history the breed has neared extinction, but efforts are being made by many breeders to reestablish and protect the Mudhol Hound.

Mudhol Hound Dog Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • The Mudhol is a type of sighthound that has a 270-degree field of vision.
  • The Mudhol has little to no body fat, and is therefore very sensitive to rain and cold.
  • In 2005, the Indian Postal Department issued stamps with the face of a Mudhol hound. They had a value of RS 5.

15) Indian Pariah Dog

Description:

The Indian Pariah is a mid-sized dog that stands approximately two feet tall and weighs between 14-32kg. Compared to many other breeds, the Indian Pariah has a lot of variability in size.

They have lean, muscular bodies, with ears that stand erect and a tail that hangs down and curls at the tip.

The breed has a double coat of fur with a short, coarse upper coat, and a softer undercoat. Their coat is short, and can vary in color from a light fawn to dark reddish-brown. Most dogs will also have white markings on the chest, limbs, and face. Other Indian Pariahs may be black or pied, but this is extremely rare.

Personality and Temperament:

The Indian Pariah is a happy breed of dog that loves to be social. They develop a strong bond with their owner, but are also friendly with strangers, children, and other dogs.

The Indian Pariah, however, can also be very territorial and will not hesitate to let you know when strangers are on the property. They can sometimes be described as a noisy breed and may have a tendency towards barking.

The breed is extremely intelligent and will quickly get bored of routine activities. They also have a lot of energy and require a diverse and stimulating environment to meet their needs.

Grooming:

The Indian Pariah sheds year round, but don’t shed heavily. They have short fur that requires minimal effort.

They also have less oil glands in their coats, which helps to prevent odours and helps the Pariah to stay clean.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

Because there is no inbreeding in the Indian Pariah, they have been naturally selected over time and have developed a strong immunity to illness and disease. The only real concern for this breed is tumours:

  • Tumors:

Symptoms:

Cancer is the leading cause of death among dogs. According to statistics, over 65 million pets are diagnosed with cancer each year.

There are a variety of different kinds of cancer that can affect dogs including, but not limited to: Mast Cell Tumors, Lipomas, Osteosarcomas, Histiocytomas, Hemangiosarcoma, Melanoma, Lymphoma, and Papilloma.

Symptoms will vary depending on the type of cancer present, as well as the stage it is in, but may include unusual odours, unusual lumps or masses, abnormal discharge, bloating, weight loss, lethargy, difficulty eating and loss of appetite, trouble urinating, difficulty breathing, and/or increased urinating or drinking.

Diagnosis:

The best way to deal with cancer is to catch it early. The earlier you catch it, the better prognosis of treatment. Catching cancer early requires regular and routine exams at the veterinarian.

Regular physical exams check for the general condition of the body, gum color, organ size and texture, and lumps in the skin which can suggest whether cancer is a concern. If anything is found, further testing may be required to test for cancer.

If a lump is present, a cell sample analysis will be performed. This may involve use of a needle to extract cells, or extraction of the entire lump. If theres no external lump, a veterinarian may use radiography, ultrasounds, or CT/MRI scans to determine what is going on inside of the body.

Treatment:

Cancer is not necessarily a death sentence for your pet. As mentioned earlier, the sooner you catch cancer, the better the prognosis.

While there is no miracle “cure” for cancer, there are treatments that can allow your pet to live with a high quality of life for many years to come.

Treatments may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, or a combination of the three. In some cases these treatments can help to reduce symptoms, while in other cases they can put cancer into remission, or cure the cancer altogether.

Results depend on how quickly the cancer was caught, what stage the cancer is in, and what type of cancer is present.

History:

The term “Pariah” was originated from the word “Paraiyar” which was once used to describe the lowest class of people in the Indian system. The term Pariah then stemmed to describe feral dogs who lived along humans, but scavenged their way through life.

Unforunately, the exact origins of this dog are not recorded. With that being said, they share many physical features with fossil remains of dogs that have been found around the world in places in China and even Pompeii.

The dogs were not believed to have been bred for any particular purpose, but were rather a result of natural selection.

Today the breed is rarely seen outside of India, but is often seen in Indian homes as family pets.

Pariah Dog Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • The Pariah dog is a popular star in Bollywood movies and Television Soap Operas
  • The Pariah dog came to be without any interbreeding or human interaction. Their characteristics were all derived through natural selection, making them one of the healthier breeds of dogs in India.

16) Rajapalayam Dog

Description:

The Rajapalayam is a large breed of sighthound that stands between 25-30 inches tall and weighs between 66-77 pounds.

One of the most distinguishable characteristics of the breed is their pink nose that stands out amongst their white coat.

The breed is slim and sleek with floppy ears and a slightly curved tail. They have a deep chest, long legs, and are designed to take down wild animals like boar.

The breed has a short, smooth coat that is almost always predominantly white.

They usually have dark brown eyes, but blue is also a possibility. Dogs of this breed born with blue eyes, however, are usually deaf or blind.

Personality and Temperament:

The Rajapalayam breed is a well-mannered dog that is known for its courageous attitude.

Originally used to hunt wild boar, these dogs are fearless hunters and great guard dogs. The Rajapalayam is not yappy, but will not hesitate to let you know when a stranger is around.

They tend to be naturally suspicious of strangers, as well as stand-offish towards other dogs. They also have a strong prey drive, and therefore should not be left alone around smaller animals or pets.

The Rajapalayam is loyal, playful, and affectionate companion to their owners, but do not make the best companions for small children as they do not like to be touched without consent.

Rajapalayam’s that are in households with children need to be socialized from a young age, and children need be taught how to respect the dog’s space.

The Rajapalayam is an intelligent breed of dog, but is also easily distracted. Training this breed requires a strong leader and a lot of patience.

Grooming:

The Rajapalayam has short fur, but sheds regularly. They need to be brushed 2-3 times per week to help manage and control fur loss.

Aside from that, the Rajapalayam is a relatively easy breed to groom. It does not require frequent bathing, and overbathing can be problematic as it can induce skin disorders in the breed.

Because this breed does not like to be touched, grooming needs to be introduced at a young age to avoid aggressive responses.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

The two main concerns for the Rajapalayam Breed are deafness and blindness. Skin conditions like mange may also be of concern.

  • Deafness: 

Symptoms: 

Deafness refers to hearing loss, and can be partial, temporary, or total. It can be caused by numerous things including heredity, infection, trauma, birth defects, age, or blocked canals.

Some types of deafness, like those due to heredity, age, or trauma, are permanent and not treatable. Other types, such as those caused by infection or blocked ear canal, can be temporary and treatable.

If your dog stops responding to noise, there is a good chance that they could be experiencing deafness. Dogs with hearing loss may also be difficult to awaken, or easily startled when awoken.

Diagnosis: 

To diagnose hearing loss, a veterinarian will conduct a physical examination of the ear.

If hearing loss is suspected, ear swabs and cultures will be taken to diagnose the cause and mode of treatment. Radiographs may also be used to determine possible causes.

Treatment: 

The course of treatment for hearing loss depends on the cause. Some types of deafness, like congenital and geriatric, are not treatable.

Hearing aids are available, but are often costly, and not received well by dogs.

If a foreign body is the cause of the deafness (ie. ear wax or overgrown hair), it will be removed.

If there is an infection, topical ointment and/or oral antibiotics will be prescribed.

If a tumor is the cause of the deafness, surgery may be necessary.

  • Blindness:

Symptoms:

Blindness in dogs, like in humans, occurs when the dog loses their sight.

Blindness is not life threatening, but can become dangerous should your dog fall down the stairs, run in front of a car, or encounter other situations where sight is necessary.

If your dog is losing their vision they may be bumping into things, acting afraid to move, becoming clumsier than usual, unable to find their food or water, or afraid to go outside.

Dogs with sight loss may also show signs of confusion, depression, and anxiousness.

Physical signs may include redness of the eyes, enlarged pupils, or cloudiness in the eyes.

Diagnosis:

A complete physical examination by your veterinarian will test your dogs reflexes, body temperature, pupil reaction time, blood pressure, heart rate, and oxygen levels.

A complete eye examination will determine blindness, as well as the extent of blindness in your dog. Dogs may be partially blind, intermittently blind, or completely blind.

In addition to an eye examination, a veterinarian may want to rule out any underlying causes of the blindness such as diabetes or cushing’s disease. A variety of tests including blood glucose testing, complete blood count testing, and serum cholesterol testing may be required.

If necessary, an ophthalmologist may be suggested for further testing.

Treatment:

Unfortunately, there is no treatment for blindness.

If your dog has vision loss, the veterinarian can suggest everyday lifestyle changes that can help to improve your dog’s quality of life.

Any underlying causes of blindness will be treated as necessary.

  • Mange

Symptoms: In simple terms, mange is an intense itch. Aside from fleas, mange is the leading cause of itchiness in dogs.

Though the condition is not considered severe on it’s own, dogs that scratch too hard can cause open wounds in their skin, which can eventually lead to skin infections, and even skin disease.

Mange is caused when the mites that naturally live on a dog’s skin multiply and spread uncontrollably.

Symptoms of mange can include intense scratching, skin rash, crust formation, and hair loss (from scratching).

Diagnosis: If your dog is suspected to have mange, a sample of mites will be collected from the skin through the process of scraping the skin or plucking the hair. This sample will then be analyzed to determine the type of mange present and to determine how to proceed with treatment.

Treatment: Dogs with forms of manage are usually treated with a scabicide (or a drug that kills mites).

Alternatively, some dogs may be prescribed a scabicidal shampoo that kills all living mites on the body.

Unfortunately, most treatments for mange only kill living mites, and do not kill their eggs. As a result, ongoing treatment is necessary to ensure all mites are eliminated. Oral antibiotics may also be prescribed.

History:

The Rajapalayam is an ancient breed of sighthound that is thought to have originated in the Tamil Nadu area of India.

Records of the Rajapalayam state that they were originally bred for Royalty to be used as hunting dogs, but later on they also became popular among regular civilians as well.

Because the dog was such a fierce hunter and courageous defender, they were also used as war dogs in several wars throughout the Eighteenth century.

Unfortunately, as the need for hunting declined, so did the need for the breed. By the 1980s the population dropped to below 200.

In the same year, the Kennel Club of India stepped in to launch campaigns to re-establish the breed. Sadly, the breed is still near extinction today.

Rajapalayam Breed Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • Many people believe that the Rajapalayam breed may have contributed to the development of Dalmatians.
  • The Rajapalayam is an extremely fast breed of dog with a gait much like that of a horse.

17) Rampur Greyhound

Description: 

The Rampur Greyhound is a large breed of dog that stands between 24-30 inches in height, and weighs between 60-65 pounds.

They stand roughly the same height as an English Greyhound, but are wider and more solidly built.

The breed is thin, but muscular, and has long legs and a whip-like tail. The Rampur Greyhound have wide set, floppy ears, and eyes that range from shades of yellow to shades of amber.

This breed also has distinctive webbed feet and flexible toes that allow them to engage in exceptional activities like balancing and climbing.

The Rampur Greyhound has a smooth, short coat that comes in a variety of different colors including grey, brindle, black, fawn, white, and white and black.

Personality and Temperament: 

The Rampur Greyhound is a loving and affectionate breed, but tends to be more of a one-person dog than some other dog breeds.

The breed thrives on human companionship, and does well in families with children. With that being said, they do tend to be a rambunctious breed, and though they would not intentionally harm a child, they may accidentally knock them over.

Though the breed is very friendly, they can also be shy to warm up to strangers. They usually do well other Rampur Greyhounds, but might not do so well with other breeds of dog.

The Rampur Greyhound has a strong prey drive, and should not be trusted around smaller animals.

They also have extremely flexible toes, and are prone to jumping over fences. To prevent an escape, this breed should not be left alone in the yard.

The breed has a great deal of energy, and requires lots of exercise each day. They are intelligent, obedient, and easy to train, but can also be easily distracted.

Grooming:

The Rampur is a very clean breed of dog, and does not require much in the way of grooming. They lack any form of distinct odors, and therefore only require occasional bathing.

The breed is considered to be a moderate shedder, and requires regular brushing to keep fur loss to a minimum.

With that being said, the Rampur Greyhound has extremely thin skin that may be prone to damage if brushed too vigorously.

When brushing their fur, be sure to use a gentle amount of pressure. A soft brush can help to eliminate fur and improve shine, while at the same time giving the Rampur a welcomed massage.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

The two most prevalent health concerns for the Rampur Greyhound are Bloat and Osteosarcoma:

  • Bloat:

Symptoms:

Bloat, also referred to as Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus, is a serious condition, and is one of the leading causes of death in canines.

Bloat is another term for “gas accumulation”.

When gas accumulates, the stomach expands and can put pressure on large arteries and veins. In return, blood stops flowing as it should, gets cut off from the stomach, and causes tissues to die as toxic products accumulate.

Bloat can also cause the stomach to rotate.

Dogs with bloat may show symptoms of vomiting, distress, a distended abdomen, restlessness, excessive salivation, panting, or pacing.

Diagnosis:

There are several different diagnostic tests that a veterinarian may use to diagnose bloat.

The first step is a physical examination wherein the veterinarian will assess your dogs abdomen.

If bloat is suspected, further tests may be suggested. These can include blood glucose testing, coagulation assays, serum chemistry tests, blood electrolyte tests, and complete blood count tests.

These tests will reveal several important factors for diagnosis including how well blood is circulating and whether any cell damage has taken place.

Most veterinarians will also recommend a urinalysis and blood gas analysis to determine the condition o the respiratory system, as well as a electrocardiogram to determine the condition of the heart.

A radiograph will also be ordered to determine whether the stomach has rotated.

Treatment

Many dogs with bloat will arrive at the veterinarian in respiratory distress and may be experiencing shock. If this is the case, immediate stabilization is required. At the same time, monitoring of heart rate, blood pressure, and other vital signs will be of top priority.

After stabilization, the next step is gastric decompression. During this procedure, a tube will be passed down the dogs esophagus and used to release fluid and air from the stomach. The stomach will also be washed out using a lavage.

If necessary, surgery will be done to rotate the stomach back to it’s original position.

If the presence of bacteria is suspected, antibiotics may also be prescribed.

  • Osteosarcoma: 

Symptoms: Osteosarcoma is type of bone tumor. It is the most common form of bone cancer found in dogs, and is usually found in larger breeds.

The disease tends to spread rapidly and can be extremely aggressive.

The signs and symptoms can be very subtle, but may include things like lameness, joint and/or bone pain, swelling, fatigue, and a disinterest in eating. In some cases, a growth may be noticeable around the tumor site.

Diagnosis: If a mass is felt, veterinarians may use several tests to diagnose whether it is cancerous. Tests may include, but are not limited to, X-rays, biopsies, blood tests, bone scans, and CAT scans.

Treatment: Sadly, the prognosis for osteosarcoma is unfavorable.

Surgical procedures and chemotherapy may be suggested to prevent the spread of the disease.

In some cases, a limb can be removed to completely remove the bone cancer.

In the most severe cases, treatment may not be available, but medications and therapy can be used to reduce side effects and improve quality of life.

History:

The Rampur Greyhound came about at the end of the 18th century when Ahmad Ali Khan, Nawab of Rampur, created a new breed of hunting dog by combining two sighthounds together; the Tazi and the English Greyhound.

The Tazi were well known for their independence, aggression, and ability to take down wolves, while the English Greyhound was prized for speed and obedience.

When combined together, they created a dog that was fast, independent, obedient, and an excellent hunter – the Rampur Greyhound.

The Rampurs were often owned by the Maharajas (Indian Royalty) and used to hunt wild boar, but when the practice of hunting died down, so did the Rampur breed.

Sadly, the breed is on the edge of extinction and is not recognized by any major Kennel Club. While they have been noted in the United States, they are extremely rare anywhere outside of India.

Rampur Greyhound Dog Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • While the main goal of the Rampur in history was to take down prey like wild boar, they were also often used to hunt more fierce predators like tigers and panthers.
  • The Greyhound was featured on an Indian postage stamp in 2005 in nod to their National Importance

18) Vanjari Hound

Description:

The Vanjari Hound is a large breed of dog that stands between 26-29 inches tall and weighs between 52-70 pounds.

This is a type of Greyhound breed that early experts often compared with the Danish Boarhound and the Persian Greyhound.

They have a short, fine coat that was usually black, but could also come in shades of brown, merle, brindle, white, and cream.

Unfortunately, the exact description of the Vanjari Hound cannot be pinpointed, as they have mostly been interbred into different structures over the years.

Personality and Temperament:

The Vanjari Hound is said to be well-tempered and gentle.

The breed is extremely independent, and can often come off as unfriendly. They are often described as being anti-social, and are not well suited for homes with children or other pets.

The Vanjari Hound has no problem being on its own, and can often be extremely territorial of its property. Though they won’t usually bite unless they are provoked, they will let their owner know when there are strangers around.

Aside from that, they are a relatively quiet breed.

The Vanjari has above average intelligence, and can be easily trained. They can understand and memorize commands in as little as 15 tries, and often have down after just one or two repetitions.

Grooming:

The Vanjari Hound is a low maintenance breed with a short and fine fur coat. A professional groomer is not necessary, and they tend to shed quite little. When they do shed, a weekly brushing can help to minimize the loss of dead fur.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

Because the Vanjari breed is so rare, there is little data available about common diseases and conditions that they face.

From what data is available, they are considered to be a very healthy breed of dog. With that being said, they do still require regular health checks for conditions and diseases that are prevalent among all dog breeds.

History:

The Vanjari breed is indigenous to Northern India where they were kept by the Banjara people for hunting and guarding flocks and camps.

During the times when the Banjara were nomadic, the Vanjari dogs would follow them from place to place and were indispensable to the tribesmen.

But as times continue to progress, the breed has been introduced to uncontrollable amounts of interbreeding. As such, there are very few, if any, purebred Vanjari left today.

Vanjari Dog Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • Vanjari dogs are near, or may already be, extinct. The only photographs of purebred Vanjari’s are very indistinct, hence why a detailed description cannot be given.

19) Vikhan Sheepdog

Description:

The Vikhan Sheepdog is a large breed of dog that stands around 25 inches tall.

With that being said, because there is no breed standard for the Vikhan Sheepdog, this statistic can vary. There is also a great deal of variation in weight.

The Vikhan is lean, but very muscular. They have a long, shaggy coat that can be black, fawn, or brown. A combination of these three colors is also possible.

Personality and Temperament:

The Vikhan Sheepdog is a very agile and fearless breed that is excellent for herding livestock.

They were bred to be working dogs, and therefore require a great deal of exercise each day. Without proper exercise and stimulation, the Vikhan can become bored and destructive.

The breed is extremely intelligent and can pick up complex commands very easily.

They are very protective and can become aggressive if prompted. If socialized at a young age, the Vikhan can be okay with other dogs, though they should be introduced in neutral territory.

They are not a good choice for families with children.

Grooming:

The Vikhan Sheepdog requires more maintenance in the way of grooming than most other dogs on this list. Because they have a long coat, they require regular brushing to remove knots and debris.

This breed is also known to shed quite heavily, but regular brushing can help to cut down on fur loss.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

Due to the rarity of this breed, there is little information regarding their health.

History:

The Vikhan is a breed that originated in Northwestern India, specifically in the Chitral region of Pakistan.

In history, it was used as a guardian of livestock, but was also used for hunting leopard. Currently, the breed is not recognized by any major kennel clubs.

Vikhan Sheepdog Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • Despite the name, the Vikhan sheepdog isn’t actually of any relation to the sheepdog we know today. Rather, it was simply given the name for the fact that it was used to guard livestock.
  • In some parts of Pakistan the coat of the Vikhan is used as a substitute for wool and is woven into carpets and textiles.

Conclusion:

As you can see, many of the dogs on this list are on the verge of extinction. And though some dogs are still used for guarding homes and kept as pets, there are millions of others that are left to fend for themselves on the streets.

So the question then remains – what can you do to help?

Donate: If you want to help dogs in India, one of the easiest things that you can do is donate.

There are many charities out there that help to care for the stray dog population in India, but they all need funding to stay in operation.

Whether you donate to a cause that helps to protect and heal dogs that have suffered abuse or neglect, donate to a cause that helps to prevent and control diseases, or donate to a cause that works to control overpopulation, even $5 can make a difference – every penny counts.

Volunteer – Animal rights causes in India are always in need of volunteers. Whether you are a veterinarian who can help with services, or a regular individual who can simply help to brush, feed, and care for rescued dogs, everyone’s time is equally as valuable and helpful.

Adopt – If you want to do something great for a dog and for yourself, you can also adopt. There is nothing more helpful that you can do for a dog that has suffered from neglect than to give them a home where they feel loved and cared for.

No matter how you contribute, you are making a difference. These dogs need you and we need them too.