A Chinese Red Dog, known under the Laizhou Hong name, is a large type of dog breed originating from China.
It’s a breed of dogs derived from breeding together local regional working dogs with European working dogs’ breeds like the German Shepherd, Great Dane and Rottweiler in the 1970s.
It used to be a very popular breed in the beginning however, following the ease of owning a dog restriction in China, other dog breeds started to be favored.
The History of China’s Red Dog (中国红犬)
The Chinese Red Dog first hit the scene back in the late 19th century, in the German-occupied Shandong Province of China, while on lease from the Ching Dynasty.
When you think China, you might not consider a population of German Shepherds, Rottweilers, and Doberman Pincers.
But they were plentiful in the area due to being brought into the province with the German occupants.
Along with their popular German breeds of working dogs, they used some local working breeds as well, such as the Shandong Xian Hound.
The Laizhou Hong (Chinese Red Dog) is a result of these breeds being bred together.
It is rumored that the Korean Mastiff was used to give the dog it’s dark red coat, but at this point, trying to confirm this is difficult.
Just as difficult as it is to try and pin down exactly which German breed was used and mixed with the Shandong Xian Hound. Nobody seems to know for sure.
The Chinese Red Dog was once among the most popular dogs in China. Its popularity was on a steady trend upward throughout the early to the mid-20th century.
However, after different restrictions were lifted, opening up the doors for other breeds to come into the country, the breed sadly lost ground to other, more popular dogs.
Since their drop in popularity, they have become a rare breed of K9 outside of China.
That notwithstanding, breeders are out there today in China, Europe, and in the United States.
The Physical Appearance of a Laizhou Hong dog
This dog has smooth short fur, black with reddish patches on the legs and muzzle. The body is muscular and lean. It has a strong resemblance to the German Shepherd and the Kunming Wolfdog (Chinese “German Shepherd”) and they are similar in many ways:
- The shape of their head is similar
- Straight long legs
- Long-tail reaching the dog’s ankles
- Smart and reliable
Size and Weight
A male dog can reach 32 inches in height, which approximates at 79 centimeters whilst the females reach a maximum of 27 inches, 70 centimeters.
The shortest height being 25 inches / 64 centimeters in both sexes.
It can weigh between 77 to 85 pounds which is between 35 to 40 kilograms.
Chinese Red Dog Temperament
The Chinese Red Dog is well known to be loyal, confident, calm, and friendly, and with early training, it can become a good addition to a family. It is known to be protective, as that is among the reasons it was bred- as a security/working breed.
The Laizhou Hong’s forefathers were all diligent, intelligent, tough, robust, and hard-working dogs. It should be expected that many of the same attributes accompany the breed.
The breed’s courageous attitude, devotion, and toughness have landed this breed several job opportunities over the years.
A farm dog, security dog, and was for some time used by the Chinese Police Force as a police dog.
They have proven to adapt quickly to situations and are capable of adjusting to social environments. Their eagerness to work makes them easier to train than other breeds.
The Chinese Red Dog has a life expectancy of about fifteen years.
Advantages Of Owning a Chinese Red Dog
What is great about this type of dog, is that it requires low maintenance and doesn’t shed much hair. It makes for a good addition to someone suffering from allergies.
Confident and loyal, families love Laizhou Hong. It’s friendly and calm manner makes it a great dog for children.
Due to its natural protection streak, it’s classed as a high deterrence dog.
This makes the Chinese Red Dog a valuable companion that can be used as a guard or as a working dog on a farm.
You would be the owner of a very rare Chinese dog breed in Europe and the USA.
Disadvantages Of Owning a Chinese Red Dog
Being a rare breed, it’s hard to get your hands on this type of dog.
This dog is more suited to living in a house with a garden or a place that allows it to roam freely in an unenclosed space (like a farm or an estate).
It is possible to have a Chinese Red Dog accustomed to an apartment but it requires effort from both the owner and the dog.
For this dog breed, it is very important to start the training when still a young puppy.
It needs to know from the start that their owner is the ‘leader of the pack’. This can be done by remaining calm, firm, and consistent when setting the rules.
When on the leash, the dog must remain behind its master in order to recognize its status.
Can be trained as a guard dog, police or border patrol special dog agent.
Common Health Problems
- Due to its elongated ear shape, ear infections are quite common. Signs of a potential ear infection would be excessive head-scratching or pawing its ears, combined with head shaking.
- Dental issues – infection of the teeth or the gums manifested by weight loss, refusing to eat, and being in pain.
- Allergic reactions to a certain food, medication for other health issues.
- Hip dysplasia is common in dogs of larger size. It causes damage to the hip leading to arthritis. The signs would be that the dog will be in pain and won’t want to walk. It might bark or whine continuously.
- Urinary infection caused by bacteria.
- Digestive issues – can be caused by poor eating, using unsafe uncertified food suppliers, food poisoning.
- Obesity – excessive feeding and neglecting to exercise your dog will lead to unhealthy weight gain.
It is important to keep vaccination up to date and attend regular appointments with the vet.
The feeding area must be kept clean and ensure that the pet has plenty of clear water, especially during the hot season.
In pet shops, supermarkets, and online dog food suppliers, there are dog treats and main meals that have quality ingredients enriched with vitamins and minerals.
If any allergies are known, it is better to read the labels for the full list of ingredients.
Being a large size dog, the food should be able to bring the necessary intake of calcium for developing and maintaining strong healthy bones.
There should be nutritionally rich dog formulas specially designed to fuel this energetic dog.
Dog food containing Omega 3 will supply essential care for its skin and fur, keeping it healthy and shiny looking.
The amount given should be according to its size and the label on the food pack.
They can also eat some food that ends up on the owner’s table :
- Raw and cooked carrots
- Well cooked pork
- Cooked chicken and turkey
- Plain portobello mushrooms
- Cooked potatoes
Food to avoid
- Chocolate and boiled sweets
- Macadamia nuts
- Raw meat
- Processed meat – salami, ham, bacon
- Raw potatoes
This dog will obey its master and wait patiently in his designated spot in the car.
To travel by plane, the dog will need to have all its vaccination up to date, a chip, and a dog passport.
It’s always advisable to check the rules with the airline as well as the country the dog it’s traveling to.
Chinese Red Dog Cost
The Laizhou Hong is a rare breed of dog. And as is the case with anything rare, it’s expensive.
For reference, there’s an ad for one in Germany for an eleven-month-old pup, vaccinated and chipped, for 2,000 euros ($2365.33 US).
The average price is £2,500 on freeads.co.uk
The buying process might require some travel adding to the expenses.
Its price varies depending on the breeder and their location.
For example, in the UK, in June 2020, an owner sells his 6 months old Chinese Red Dog for £2,500.
In Florida, at the same time, a dog training provider sells puppies, with the condition to be left for a year of training with them, at the whopping price of 45,000$.
These are only examples, and every breeder is different. That said, the pricing will be different from one to another.
Information about this rare dog breed is quite scarce to find online and in specialized books.
On Facebook, there are some pages where you can see images and videos with different dogs.
They also have information on breeders and where to buy a Chinese Red Dog from:
The Chinese Red Dog is a special kind of dog. Special in appearance, manner, and talents.
It is too bad that there are so few out there, and perhaps one day, they’ll pick up the prominence that they once enjoyed.
They are good family dogs when trained properly, which will dedicate themselves to loving and protecting their own.