7 Turkish Dog Breeds- The World’s Best Herd-Protecting Dogs

After doing some research, I found that Turkish dog breeds are very popular as herd-protecting dogs. But sadly, there is an estimated 150,000 stray dogs roaming the streets of Istanbul alone at any given time.

But why is the stray dog population such a problem, and what types of dogs are indigenous to the area?

To answer the first question, the answer is two-fold.

Firstly, there are too many breeders that are just looking to make a quick dollar.

They over-breed their dogs, and sell them to owners who cannot handle them. When they become too much to handle, they end up on the street.

Secondly, though efforts are being made to spay/neuter stray dogs, they cannot be made quickly enough to create any form of population control.

With that being said, unlike many countries with a large number of stray dogs (like India), the Turks don’t see the dogs as dirty or a nuisance.

Rather, stray dogs are quite welcomed in Turkey, so much so that you will often find water bowls and food dispensers along the highways to help feed the dogs.

But what types of dogs come out of Turkey?

Today we will discuss the top 6 Turkish Dog breeds, including their appearance, personality and temperament, grooming needs, health consideration, history, and facts & figures.

Let’s get started.

1) The Catalburun

catalburun dog breed with collar

Photo by Leo Sano from Pexels

Description:

The Catalburun is a mid-sized dog that stands between 17-24 inches tall and weighs between 30-55 pounds.

They have a  quite unique appearance and are best known for their split or double nose.

Aside from the Catalburun, there are only two other breeds that have this characteristic – the Pachon Navarro and the Andean Tiger Hound.

Aside from the double nose, there is no specific standards for the Catalburun dog. As a result, there can be a great deal of variability in appearance.

With that being said, the Catalburun is a type of Pointer, and bears a great deal of resemblance to other pointer breeds.

They have wide, floppy ears that hang down, and have a coat that is flat, short, and stiff to the touch.

Catalburun’s are all piebald and come in several different color patterns including yellow and white, orange and white, red and white, or black and white.

The exception to this rule are dogs that are tri-colored, which are usually black, tan, and white.

Personality and Temperament:

The Catalburun is a loyal breed of dog that makes a great hunting companion.

Being of the Pointer family, these dogs have a strong prey drive and excellent tracking abilities.

For this reason, they are often used by police in narcotic searches, and in search and rescue missions.

The Catalburun is a generally even-tempered and well-rounded dog, but can be dominant and territorial.

Much of how they react to situations depends on their training. A dog who is well-trained play well with others, as well as with children, but a dog that does not have good training can become aggressive.

The same stands true for strangers. A Catalburun that is well socialized as a puppy will guard the house simply by barking, but an unsocialized Catalburun may become aggressive and even attack.

The Catalburun likes to be inside with their family, but does have a great deal of energy to expel.

Unless they have plenty of daily exercise, they aren’t likely to do well in an apartment setting. While they are a relatively quiet breed, they do require room to run and roam.

Grooming:

The Catalburun has a short coat of fur that does not require extensive grooming. They are minimal shedders, and much of their loose fur can be removed with one or two brushing sessions per week.

With that being said, the Catalburun can be somewhat mischievous and may find themselves in messy situations often when outdoors. As a result, regular baths may be required.

Most importantly for the Catalburun are their ears. Because they have large ears that flop down, they require special attention. In order to prevent an infection from occurring, the ears of a Catalburun need to be kept dry and clean at all times.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

Because the Catalburun has a double nose, they can be subject to being born with a Cleft Palate. They are also subject to Hip Dysplasia and Hypothyroidism.

  • Cleft Palate

Symptoms:

A cleft palate is a condition that occurs when the tissues that form the palate of the mouth do not properly fuse together. In such cases, this leads to there being an opening between the mouth and the nose. The condition is a birth defect, but can also cause troubles for puppies as they age.

Shorty after birth, a cleft palate can prevent a puppy from properly suckling milk, and can therefore lead to malnourishment.

If the cleft palate is not treated, it can also lead to more serious complications as food and fluid enter into the cavity.

A cleft palate is evidently visible at birth, but as a puppy continues to age, other symptoms can arise as a result. These can include things like stunted growth, breathing difficulties, coughing or gagging, nasal discharge, infection, and even pneumonia.

Diagnosis:

Because a cleft palate is evidently visible, the condition is very straightforward to diagnosis. Dogs with cleft palates will have a deformity of the upper lip, with nostrils that may be misshaped and teeth that may be showing.

Treatment:

Treatment for a Cleft Palate will depend on the severity of the condition, as well as the age of the dog. Young puppies that have cleft palates may not be ready for surgery, and therefore need to be cared for properly until they are old enough to undergo surgery.

Caring for a puppy with a cleft palate takes a great deal of time and commitment from the owner, and will include a comprehensive feeding and care regime.

Once the puppy is old enough to undergo surgery, they will be taken into the hospital and put under anesthesia. At this point in time, a surgical procedure will be performed to close the palate.

One or more surgeries may be required for full repair.

  • Hip Dysplasia

Symptoms:

Hip Dysplasia is a common type of skeletal disease among dogs that occurs when the hip joints don’t develop properly. In such cases, the hips can dislocate and cause problems for the canine-like pain and difficulty walking.

Depending on the severity of the condition, dogs may experience minor or severe pain with hip dysplasia.

Signs and symptoms of hip dysplasia include, but are not limited to, limping, pain, difficulty moving around as per normal, and other changes in behavior. In some cases, you may even be able to hear a clicking sound coming from the dog’s hips when they walk.

Diagnosis:

If your dog is showing signs and symptoms of hip dysplasia, they could be in pain and it is important to take them to a veterinarian as soon as possible.

A veterinarian will perform a physical examination wherein they determine the range of motion of the hip, as well as the looseness of the joint. If hip dysplasia is suspected, x-rays can be used to provide a definitive diagnosis.

Treatment:

Treatment of hip dysplasia may involve a variety of different options including changes to diet, supplements for joints, and anti-inflammatory medications. In some cases, physical therapy may also be suggested.

For more severe forms of hip dysplasia, surgery may be recommended.

  • Hypothyroidism:

Symptoms:

Hypothyroidism is a condition that occurs when a dogs thyroid gland (located in the neck) does not produce enough thyroxine (a hormone that helps to control the metabolism).

This is a common disease among dogs, but is more common among mid to large size breeds.

Symptoms can include things like fur loss, flaky skin, weight gain, muscle loss, sluggishness, and an intolerance to the cold.

Diagnosis:

The diagnosis of hypothyroidism is relatively straightforward and will include a series of blood tests.

If you suspect your dog of having hypothyroidism, you should take them to the veterinarian as soon as possible. With that being said, signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism in dogs can be subtle. As such, routine blood tests should be conducted regularly to test for the disease.

Treatment:

The good news is that hypothyroidism is not life-threatening, nor is it expensive to treat.

Oral medications like L-thyroxine can be provided to help produce the missing hormone. With that being said, these hormones are not a short term solution, and will need to be administered lifelong.

Dosage will vary depending on the needs of the specific dog.

History:

The Catalburun is native to the Tarsus region of Turkey.

It is thought that the Catalburun breed is a descendant of European Pointers and hounds, though it’s exact origins are unknown.

Some historians also suspect that the Catalburun may have some Greek Pointer DNA as well.

Today it is extremely difficult to have the Catalburun exported from Turkey, and therefore is very rarely seen outside of the country.

Though there are some left in Turkey, they are extremely rare. Due to their rarity, most of the Catalburun seen in Turkey today have been inbred, and are subject to a variety of hereditary health issues such as the ones listed above.

While some are trying to get the breed recognized by an official registry, there is not yet any particular standard for the Catalburun.

Catalburun Dog Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • Due to their double noses, the Catalburun is considered to be one of the most unique looking dogs in the world
  • It is estimated that there are only about 200 Catalburun left in the world today

2) Kangal Shepherd Dog

Kangal Sheperd dog on a grassy hill

Description:

The Kangal Shepherd Dog is a large breed that stands between 28-32 inches tall and weighs between 90-145 pounds.

The breed is a Mastiff type dog that is well proportioned and very muscular. They have a large, broad head with a black facial mask that covers the muzzle and the eyes.

The breed has large, floppy ears, and a long tail.

They have a double layer of fur that is extremely dense. Aside from the facial mask, the Kangal Shepherd is a solid colored dog that comes in shades of fawn, cream, and grey. In rare cases, puppies may be brindle, but in such a case would not be permissible in dog shows and competitions.

Personality and Temperament:

Despite its intimidating size, the Kangal Shepherd has a calm, controlled, and reliable temperament.

The dogs were originally bred for guarding sheep, and aggression towards sheep was not tolerated by owners.

In return, the dog developed into a very gentle and peaceful breed. While they are protective, they are not aggressive.

Because they were trained to watch over other animals, the Kangal does well with other dogs and pets.

They also do well with children, and it should come as no surprise if they are often found standing watch over a child or “guarding them”.

Keep in mind however that the Kangal Shepherd is a working dog. When not given a job to do, they can become destructive in a home.

In return, they are best suited towards homes with large yards or farms. They are not recommended for apartments or small homes.

Grooming:

Because the Kangal was bred to live outside, their coat is very easy to maintain.

They rarely require baths or trips to the groomer. With that being said, the Kangal does have a dense coat and tends to shed regularly. Twice weekly brushing is recommended to cut down on fur loss.

This breed has thick nails that often grow more quickly than other breeds. Regular nail trimmings are necessary.

Common Diseases and Conditions

There are three main health concerns for the Kangal Shepherd: Entropion, Hip Dysplasia, and Lipoma.

  • Entropion:

Symptoms:

Entropion is a genetic condition that causes the eyelids to invert. It is fairly common among dogs and can lead to irritation or scratches on the eye.

When this happens, larger concerns like ulcerations or perforations may arise. If not dealt with properly, scar tissue can form and a dog can lose it’s vision either partially or completely.

Symptoms include inflammation of the eye, mucus or discharge from the eye, and an excessive amount of tearing.

Diagnosis:

Because entropion causes visible inversion of the eyelid, it’s relatively easy to visually diagnosis.

Having said that, other eye diseases can cause similar symptoms. To rule out other conditions, an ophthalmic examination by the veterinarian will be necessary.

Depending on the results of the exam, your dog may be sent to a specialist for additional testing.

Treatment:

Dogs with Entropion will require surgical correction. During surgery, a portion of the eyelid will be removed.

This will help to reverse the inversion. Depending on the case, further surgeries may be necessary. If it is a puppy that is suffering from Entropion, surgery may not be optional until they reach 6 months to 1 year of age.

  • Hip Dysplasia

Symptoms:

Hip Dysplasia is a common type of skeletal disease among dogs that occurs when the hip joints don’t develop properly. In such cases, the hips can dislocate and cause problems for the canine-like pain and difficulty walking.

Depending on the severity of the condition, dogs may experience minor or severe pain with hip dysplasia.

Signs and symptoms of hip dysplasia include, but are not limited to, limping, pain, difficulty moving around as per normal, and other changes in behavior.

In some cases, you may even be able to hear a clicking sound coming from the dog’s hips when they walk.

Diagnosis:

If your dog is showing signs and symptoms of hip dysplasia, they could be in pain and it is important to take them to a veterinarian as soon as possible.

A veterinarian will perform a physical examination wherein they determine the range of motion of the hip, as well as the looseness of the joint. If hip dysplasia is suspected, x-rays can be used to provide a definitive diagnosis.

Treatment:

Treatment of hip dysplasia may involve a variety of different options including changes to diet, supplements for joints, and anti-inflammatory medications. In some cases, physical therapy may also be suggested.

For more severe forms of hip dysplasia, surgery may be recommended.

  • Lipoma

Symptoms:

Lipoma is a benign tumor (or a mass) that is made up of fat tissues. In most cases, Lipoma is purely a cosmetic concern, and does not raise any health issues. With that being said, if the tumor is located on the throat, it can affect your dog’s breathing.

Additionally, as the mass continues to grow, it may cause discomfort to your pet.

When a  dog has a lipoma, they will have a growth on their body that is either visible to the eye, or felt through touch. Most owners find these masses when petting their dogs.

Benign tumors are usually soft and smooth to the touch, and will move freely under the skin.

Though this type of tumor can be found anywhere on the body, it is most commonly found around the neck, chest, and legs. In very rare cases, benign tumors might also arise behind the eye, in the abdomen, or on the head.

Diagnosis:

In order to diagnosis lipoma, a complete medical history will be taken, as well as a complete physical exam.

The veterinarian may ask questions about how long the growth has been there, whether your dog shows pain when it’s touch, and how your dog’s regular routine has been.

If the lipoma is a suspected cause, the veterinarian will use a needle to extract fat cells which can then be examined under a microscope to confirm the diagnosis.

In some cases, a biopsy may be necessary to rule out cancer. Other tests that may be required include radiographs, ultrasounds, and/or CT scans.

Treatment:

Treatment of Lipoma will depend on several factors including the health of your dog, the type of tumor, the location of the tumor, and the size of the tumor.

In some cases, such as in those where the tumor is small, and is not causing any pain, or when the dog is very old, the tumor may just be left alone. In other cases, surgery may be required.

Holistic approaches like nutritional management, herbal therapy, and acupressure may also be suggested.

History:

The exact origins of the Kangal Shepherd are up for debate. With that being said, it is known that the breed originated in Turkey, where it was used in ancient times for guarding flocks.

The breed gets it’s name from the Kangal District of Turkey, which is likely where it originated.

It is thought that this breed is a descendant of ancient Mastiff type dogs. Many also argue that the Kangal Shepherd may be the same breed as the Anatolian Shepherd, another Turkish breed of dog. With that being said, it is currently accepted that they are a separate breed.

The Kangal Shepherd was originally introduced to the UK in the 1960s and made its way into the United States in the 1980s. Today, it is relatively rare in Turkey, and even more rare in the US.

Kangal Shepherd Dog Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • Many breeders experiment with breeding Kangal Shepherds with Pit Bulls and Wolves to create a dog that is even more powerful and fierce than the Kangal itself.
  • The Kangal Shepherd has an impressive life expectancy for a large dog breed – 12-15 years.
  • While most Kangal Shepherds have long, floppy ears, they can also be cropped. ‘

3) Akbash Dog

Description:

The Akbashs are large breeds of dog that weigh between 90-130 pounds, and stands between 28-34 inches tall.

They are a very long-legged, tall, muscular breed.

The Akbash has a large, broad skull with powerful jaws and a scissor bite. They have high set, V-shaped ears that flap down, though some may also have cropped ears.

The tail of the Akbash is long and tapering and may be carried in a hook shape, or high above the back depending on whether they are relaxed, excited, or agitated.

The Akbash can have either medium or long fur, depending on where they are bred and raised. They only come in one color – white, though they may have shadings of biscuit or grey in their undercoat.

Personality and Temperament:

The Akbash is a working breed of dog that was most commonly used in history to guard flocks.

In return, they have a great sense of sight and a great sense of hearing that make them excellent guardians around the home.

Though you might expect them to have a lot of energy, the Akbash spent much of its time in history standing guard over the flocks, and required little running.

In return, they grew to be low energy dogs. With that being said, they are still very athletic and do require room to roam. The Akbash does better in larger homes with yards than they do in apartments.

The Akbash is an extremely intelligent dog, but can also be very strong-willed and stubborn.

Though they are very capable of learning quickly, they often think that they know better than their owners, and may not respond to cues well.

To train properly, they require a strong, dominant owner that can provide the dog with commitment and consistency. They are not a good choice for first-time dog owners.

This dog bonds intensely with its owners, and in history, also bonded well with the livestock it protected.

It has a strong maternal instinct and bonds well with other animals, especially when introduced at a young age.

With that being said, because the breed bonds so strongly with others, it can become very protective, and even aggressive, if it feels that strangers are threatening their flock.

With their owners, they are gentle and affectionate, and make fantastic companions. They are good with children and will guard their loved ones with their lives.

Grooming:

In history, the Akbash spent much of its time outdoors and thereby developed a strong coat that requires little professional maintenance. Though the coat is not easily tangled, regular brushings can help to prevent tangling, as well as help to keep down on fur loss.

With their double coat of fur, they shed often, and will shed heavily twice per year. Dogs in warmer climates will shed year round.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

The two most common concerns for the Akbash breed are Hip Dysplasia and Dilated Cardiomyopathy. Hypothyroidism may also be of concern:

  • Hip Dysplasia

Symptoms:

Hip Dysplasia is a common type of skeletal disease among dogs that occurs when the hip joints don’t develop properly. In such cases, the hips can dislocate and cause problems for the canine-like pain and difficulty walking.

Depending on the severity of the condition, dogs may experience minor or severe pain with hip dysplasia.

Signs and symptoms of hip dysplasia include, but are not limited to, limping, pain, difficulty moving around as per normal, and other changes in behavior. In some cases, you may even be able to hear a clicking sound coming from the dog’s hips when they walk.

Diagnosis:

If your dog is showing signs and symptoms of hip dysplasia, they could be in pain and it is important to take them to a veterinarian as soon as possible.

A veterinarian will perform a physical examination wherein they determine the range of motion of the hip, as well as the looseness of the joint. If hip dysplasia is suspected, x-rays can be used to provide a definitive diagnosis.

Treatment:

Treatment of hip dysplasia may involve a variety of different options including changes to diet, supplements for joints, and anti-inflammatory medications. In some cases, physical therapy may also be suggested.

For more severe forms of hip dysplasia, surgery may be recommended.

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy:

Symptoms:

Dilated Cardiomyopathy, or an enlarged heart, is a condition that occurs when both the upper and lower chambers of the heart become enlarged. When this happens, the ability to pump blood into the lungs is lessened, and fluid begins to accumulate. When the heart becomes overloaded, congestive heart failure can result.

Dogs with Dilated Cardiomyopathy may display symptoms of lethargy, anorexia, excessive breathing or shortness of breath, coughing, or intermittent loss of consciousness.

Diagnosis:

The first step to the diagnosis of Dilated Cardiomyopathy in dogs is a physical exam that looks for common symptoms like pulse deficits and crackling sounds on the lungs.

In addition to a complete physical exam, other medical tests may be administered to both confirm the diagnosis and to rule out other causes. Tests may include, but are not limited to, radiographic imaging, EKG’s, ultrasounds, and echocardiography.

Treatment:

Treatment for Dilated Cardiomyopathy may include a combination of medications and management techniques. Medications can be administered to help control the symptoms of the condition.

Medications may, for example, be used to help control heart contractions, to slow down rapid breathing, or to control the accumulation of fluid in the longs. Other medications, like Vasodilators, may also be used to help the heart pump blood more effectively.

Sadly, most dogs with this condition are estimated to have between 6-12 months to live. Veterinarians can provide you with techniques to help you manage the condition and provide your dog with the best quality of life.

In severe cases, hospitalization may be required.

  • Hypothyroidism:

Symptoms:

Hypothyroidism is a condition that occurs when a dogs thyroid gland (located in the neck) does not produce enough thyroxine (a hormone that helps to control the metabolism).

This is a common disease among dogs, but is more common among mid to large size breeds.

Symptoms can include things like fur loss, flaky skin, weight gain, muscle loss, sluggishness, and an intolerance to the cold.

Diagnosis:

The diagnosis of hypothyroidism is relatively straightforward and will include a series of blood tests.

If you suspect your dog of having hypothyroidism, you should take them to the veterinarian as soon as possible. With that being said, signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism in dogs can be subtle. As such, routine blood tests should be conducted regularly to test for the disease.

Treatment:

The good news is that hypothyroidism is not life-threatening, nor is it expensive to treat.

Oral medications like L-thyroxine can be provided to help produce the missing hormone. With that being said, these hormones are not a short term solution, and will need to be administered lifelong.

Dosage will vary depending on the needs of the specific dog.

History:

The Akbash is a Turkish breed of dog with origins that are thought to date back to 3000 years ago.

They were originally bred by Shepherds who used them to protect their livestock from predators.

While there are no actual photos of Akbash dating back that far, there are accounts that describe the breed to sport spiked collars to protect their necks from predators.

Their exact lineage is unknown, but it is thought that they may share DNA with several different breeds including the Pyrenean Mountain dog, the Komondor, and the Tatra Mountain Sheepdog.

They are still commonly used for guarding sheep, but are also used in the US as service dogs.

The Akbash is not currently recognized by the AKC, but is recognized by the UKC.

The Akbash Dog Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • Though the Akbash is not an overly active breed, it still has the power and agility to fight of predators like Wolves
  • The Akbash is considered to be the National Dog of Turkey

4) Aksaray Malaklisi Dog

Description:

The Aksaray Malaklisi dog is a large breed of dog that stands between 70-85 cm tall at the shoulder, and weighs between 120-150 pounds at maturity.

They have ears that flop down and a long tail that curls at the end.

The Malaklisi has an upper lip that covers the lower lip, that hangs down. It has saggy skin and a short but thick coat of fur. The coat can be any color, but is most commonly white cream or sesame.

Personality and Temperament:

The Malaklisi is a very intelligent breed of dog, that is also very dominant and independent. Like most livestock guardian breeds, these dogs have a mind of their own.

While they are considered to be a very calm, friendly, and affectionate breed, they can also be very protective of their family.

When it comes to strangers or outsiders, the Malaklisi can be very reserved and unfriendly. They are good with children, and will guard the ones that they love with their lives.

Having said all of that, much of the Malaklisi’s personality depends on the way they are raised.

Temperament may be affected by heredity factors, but can also be affected by training and socialization.

Because this breed is so independent-minded, proper training and socialization is required at a young age. Puppies that are well-socialized will be playful, curious, and accepting of others.

Grooming:

The Malaklisi has a short coat that is naturally clean. It doesn’t require much in the way of grooming, nor does it require a lot of brushing.

Having said that, you should expect profuse shedding several times throughout the year. Extra brushing can help to remove dead fur during these times.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

The three most common diseases and conditions associated with the Malaklisi breed are hip dysplasia, mange, and entropion:

  • Hip Dysplasia

Symptoms:

Hip Dysplasia is a common type of skeletal disease among dogs that occurs when the hip joints don’t develop properly. In such cases, the hips can dislocate and cause problems for the canine like pain and difficulty walking.

Depending on the severity of the condition, dogs may experience minor or severe pain with hip dysplasia.

Signs and symptoms of hip dysplasia include, but are not limited to, limping, pain, difficulty moving around as per normal, and other changes in behavior.

In some cases, you may even be able to hear a clicking sound coming from the dog’s hips when they walk.

Diagnosis:

If your dog is showing signs and symptoms of hip dysplasia, they could be in pain and it is important to take them to a veterinarian as soon as possible.

A veterinarian will perform a physical examination wherein they determine the range of motion of the hip, as well as the looseness of the joint. If hip dysplasia is suspected, x-rays can be used to provide a definitive diagnosis.

Treatment:

Treatment of hip dysplasia may involve a variety of different options including changes to diet, supplements for joints, and anti-inflammatory medications. In some cases, physical therapy may also be suggested.

For more severe forms of hip dysplasia, surgery may be recommended.

  • Mange

Symptoms:

Mange is a condition caused by mites. When the mites that live on a dog’s skin multiply, the result is mange, or an extreme urge to itch.

When dogs become uncontrollably itchy, skin infections can occur. In severe cases, skin disease can also result.

If a dog has mange, they will itch consistently, and may also have signs of a skin rash, hair loss, or crust formation (all from itching).

Diagnosis:

If the veterinarian suspects your dog of having mange, a skin sample will be taken to test the mites that live on your dog. The process is completed through a scraping of the skin, or by plucking the fur. Samples will further be used to determine the type of mange present, as well as which treatment is most appropriate.

Treatment:

If your dog has mange, they will be prescribed a scabicide (drug) that will kill the mites.

In addition, the veterinarian may also recommend a scabicidal shampoo.

Such treatments, however, do not kill the eggs of the mites – they only kill the living mites. In return, ongoing treatment is usually required.

  • Entropion:

Symptoms:

Entropion is a genetic condition that causes the eyelids to invert. It is fairly common among dogs and can lead to irritation or scratches on the eye.

When this happens, larger concerns like ulcerations or perforations may arise. If not dealt with properly, scar tissue can form and a dog can lose it’s vision either partially or completely.

Symptoms include inflammation of the eye, mucus or discharge from the eye, and an excessive amount of tearing.

Diagnosis:

Because entropion causes visible inversion of the eyelid, it’s relatively easy to visually diagnosis.

Having said that, other eye diseases can cause similar symptoms. To rule out other conditions, an opthamalic examination by the veterinarian will be necessary. Depending on the results of the exam, your dog may be sent to a specialist for additional testing.

Treatment:

Dogs with Entropion will require surgical correction. During surgery, a portion of the eyelid will be removed. This will help to reverse the inversion. Depending on the case, further surgeries may be necessary. If it is a puppy that is suffering from Entropion, surgery may not be optional until they reach 6 months to 1 year of age.

History:

The Aksaray Malaklisi dog is thought to have originated over 6000 years ago in Anatolia Turkey.

It is believed that Mastiff type dogs were brought over by Asian tribes, who were then bred with sighthounds to eventually create the Aksaray Malaklisi. As the nomadic tribes traveled, so did the dogs, and they were used to guard flocks of sheep and other livestock.

Aksaray Malaklisi Dog Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • The Aksaray Malaklisi is sensitive to anesthesia
  • The Aksaray Malaklisi is often referred to as the “lion dog” for its massive size and fierce attitude.

5) Turkish Kopay

Description:

The Turkish Kopay is a large breed of scent hound that stands between 48cm to 52cm tall and weighs between 17-19kg.

They have ears that flop down, and a long tail that stands erect when alert.

The coat of the Kopay is short and fine, and usually comes in black, tan, or a mixture of the two.

Personality:

Unfortunately, the Turkish Kopay is an extremely rare breed of dog that is almost extinct. In return, there is not a lot of information regarding their personality.

With that being said, they are thought to be a loyal, intelligent, and energetic breed of dog that requires a strong leader who can provide strict and consistent training.

Grooming:

Again, there is not a lot of information regarding grooming for the Turkish Kopay. Because they have a short coat of fur, it can be assumed that their grooming needs are low.

They are probably average shedders who will require brushing or two each week.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

Currently, there is no reliable information available regarding common health issues for the Kopay Breed.

History:

The Turkish Kopay is a type of sighthound that was typically used for hunting in history.

They were bred by the Yoruk people in a variety of different regions throughout Turkey, and were noted for their ability to hunt hares. They often hunted in pairs or in small groups.

Currently, the Turkish Kopay does not have any registered breed standards and is not recognized by any official organizations.

Turkish Kopay Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • The Turkish Kopay was also known as the Chaser Dog of Zagar

7) Koyun Dog

Description:

The Koyun Dog is a larger breed of dog that stands around 28 inches tall at the shoulders. They have a solid body with strong legs, and a pendant shaped tail that rises when on alert.

The breed can come in a variety of different colors, but dark grey is the most common. It’s not uncommon to see bi-colored Koyuns.

Personality and Temperament:

The Koyun Dog is another breed that there isn’t a lot of detailed information on. With that being said, they have been known throughout history as excellent working dogs and guard dogs.

The Koyun breed is happiest not as a family pet, but when it is given a guard job to do. They will protect their family and flock with their lives, and will always warn their owners when intruders are around.

Grooming:

Unfortunately, there is no current information regarding grooming needs for the Koyun.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

Because the Koyun is so rare, there is little information detailing their health concerns. Regular vet check-ups are encouraged to prevent any common canine issues.

History:

The Koyun breed originated on the Rize Province in Northeast Turkey. They are a molosser-type breed that is used to guard flocks and herds.

The Koyun is not extinct, but is extremely rare. Currently they can only be found in very small numbers in the provinces of Giresun, Gumushane, Babyburt, Erzurum, and Artvin.

Koyun Dog Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • The Koyun is also known as the “Babyburt Kelpi”

Conclusion:

Many Turkish dog breeds are considered to be some of the best herding dogs in the world.

Sadly, however, many dog breeds that originated in Turkey are now starting to go extinct. Still, Turkey has an overwhelming population of stray dogs.

While these dogs are welcomed by the general population, it’s difficult to ensure that every single stray dog is fed and cared for equally.

As such, efforts are continuing to control the population.

If you or someone you know has time to donate, I encourage you to check out some of the ongoing efforts in Turkey.

Whether you can donate money to help feed the dogs, or donate time in a care shelter – all efforts are welcomed to help these dogs stay fed and comfortable.

Chalene Johnston About The Author: Chalene Johnston graduated with honors from University with a BA in psychology. She is a proud stay-at-home mom to her 2-year-old French Bulldog puppy, Stella! When she is not looking for adventure travel destinations, she loves to write! She writes for a wide variety of topics – with animals being one of her favorites.