93 Adorable Asian Dog Breeds You Will Fall In Love With

W

e’re blessed to have so many amazing dog breeds in North America.
 
I think you’ll agree with me when I say…
 
There are many other dog breeds in Asia that we don’t have here in America.
 
Whether we talk about large Asian dog breeds like the Tibetan Mastiff or small Asian breeds like the Shih Tzu,
 
All are unique, amazing, and have plenty to offer society.
 
Fact:
 
Some of these dogs have been bred for working purposes. Others take on the hearts of their owners as in home pets.
 
Sadly, however, many breeds in Asia have gone extinct, or are nearing extinction.
 
As such, it’s important that we each do our part to help prevent these breeds from reaching that point – and we can start by educating ourselves.
 
Through education, we can better learn where our efforts need to be placed and what we can do to help.
 
Today we will explore dog breeds from different areas of Asia, including:
 
China, India, Korea, Japan, Pakistan, Tibet, Turkey, and more.
 
Not only will we discuss how dogs are being treated in each area,
 
We will also take an in-depth look at each breed to discover their:
  • unique characteristics
  • personality traits
  • quirks that make the breed stand out from the rest.
Let’s get started.

Philippine Dog Breeds

1. The Askal

Askal sitting on a motorbike

Description:

The “Askal” dog, sometimes referred to as the Aspin dog, or the Asong Pinoy is a mixed breed of dog that is common to the Philippines.

They come in a variety of different sizes, but when fully grown they typically stand between 12-19 inches tall and weigh anywhere between 35-65 pounds.

This breed can have pointed or floppy ears, and are known to hold their head up high.

The Askal has fur that is described as short, dense, and rough, and can come in a variety of colors. Askals come in colors of brown, white, black, or brindle.

Personality and Temperament:

The Askal is a well-tempered breed of dog that has traditionally been raised for guarding the home or property.

They are an independent breed that is very protective over their owner’s and family members. Though they are naturally suspicious of strangers, they are kind and loving to all people once they warm up.

Because they are so highly devoted to their family, they also make great companions for young children.

The Askal breed has a high level of endurance and agility and therefore makes an excellent sporting and hunting dog.

Though they do have a great deal of energy, they don’t require excessive exercise – regular walks are enough to keep this breed content.

The breed is smart, easy to train, and trusted with other dogs.

Grooming:

The Askal is a low-maintenance breed of dog that does not require a lot of brushing or grooming.

These dogs have short coats that do not require much in terms of bathing or trimming. Their fur is short and doesn’t shed a lot.

Common Diseases and Conditions: 

The Askal is a relatively healthy breed of dog and does not have any major health concerns.

Regular visits to the veterinarian are required to maintain health and wellness.

History:

The Askals are considered as a mongrel breed of dog in the Philippines and are commonly found on the streets. Because they are so well adapted to the street way of life, the breed is extremely resilient.

The exact origins of the breed are unknown, but because they have been bred from a variety of mixed breeds and “mutts”, there are no specific ancestors that they can be traced back to.

The name “Askal” is derived from the term “asong kalye”, which translate to “street dog“. But because these dogs are seen as more than just a “street dog”, several organizations rallied around in the early 2000s to discard this term, and to rename the dog “Aspin”.

Today, Aspins are becoming more popular in homes and the workforce in the Philippines. Currently, the Philippine Army employs over 40 Aspin dogs to help them with various tasks.

While they are becoming more and more popular in the Philippines, the Askals remain uncommon in other parts of the world.

Askal Breed Facts and Figures:

Did You know? 

  • Several Askal dogs have been deemed “heroes”. In 2016, an Askal named Roy aided in a search and rescue mission in a landslide. In another case, an Askal dog jumped in front of two young people to prevent them from being struck by a motorcycle!
  • Because of the time they have spent on the streets, Askals have become extremely resilient, and are often seen as more street-smart than other purebreds.

But that’s not all.

Visit the links below to discover more breeds from Asia-

Chinese Dog Breeds

Indian Dog Breeds

Korean Dog Breeds

Japanese Dog Breeds

Pakistan Dog Breeds

Tibetan Dog Breeds

Turkish Dog Breeds

Iranian Dog Breeds

Afghanistan Dog Breeds

1. The Afghan Hound

Afghan Hound on white background

Description:

The Afghan Hound is a breed originating in Afghanistan and has a very unique, elegant appearance.

The female Afghan stands approximately 25 inches tall, while the male stands a little taller, averaging at 27 inches.

The Afghan has a very regal appearance, with a proud carriage and long, silky coat.

The Afghan hound has a long, narrow head and muzzle, with long ears that are often covered up by even longer fur.

The coat of the Afghan hound is long, fine, and silky, and comes in shades of black, red, cream, blue, brindle, domino, white, or black and tan.

Afghan puppies don’t resemble their adult parents. Instead, they are born with short, fluffy hair. It is only after about one year that the coat begins to shed and the longer, glossy fur starts to grow in its place.

Personality and Temperament

The Afghan Hound is a strong-willed and independent breed and is fiercely brave, but at times also very timid.

This breed tends to bond closely with one person, and though they are not aggressive or dominant, they often come off as indifferent to outsiders or strangers.

Because of this indifference, Afghans are not the best Asian dog breeds for guarding the home. In other words, they do not make good watchdogs.

Because the Afghan is such an independent thinker, they can be a challenge to train. They do not possess a strong desire to please their owners, nor are they strongly motivated by food.

They can often be stubborn and uncooperative, even for the most confident owners.

While some large Asian breeds of dog require strong, dominant owners, the Afghan may become withdrawn with such handling. They do best with gentle handling and a lot of patience.

The breed does not require a lot of exercises and is often described as both quiet and lazy.

Grooming:

As a puppy, Afghan’s require little grooming or maintenance. But as they grow, so do their grooming needs.

Because Afghans have such a fine coat of fur, it tends to tangle easily. For this breed, daily brushing and combing is a must, as is regular bathing.

Because the Afghan’s coat can be so difficult to keep up, most owners choose to hire a professional groomer.

If you own an Afghan, expect to spend several hours each week to ensure that their hair is free of tangles, mats, and debris.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

Two of the most common diseases and conditions reported for Afghan hounds include the Von Willibrand disease and Bloat:

  • Bloat

Symptoms:

Bloat is a common condition in deep-chested dogs like the Afghan, and may be referred to by veterinarians as “Gastric Dilation and Volvulus”. This is a more scientific way of saying “gas accumulation.

Bloat is an extremely serious condition and is one of the leading causes of death for dogs.

Bloat occurs when gas accumulates within the stomach, causing it to expand. When this happens, the pressure is put on arteries and veins, and the flow of blood can be cut off from the stomach.

If not caught quickly, this condition will allow toxins to accumulate, eventually leading to tissue death. In severe cases, bloat can also cause the stomach to rotate.

Symptoms of bloat may include, but are not limited to, distress, vomiting, restlessness, excessive salivation, panting, and pacing. You may also see evidence of a distended abdomen.

Diagnosis:

Several different diagnostic tests may be used to diagnose conditions of bloat, but the first step will always be a physical assessment of the abdomen.

If bloat is suspected, further tests may include things like serum chemistry testing, blood glucose testing, coagulation assays, blood electrolyte testing, and complete blood count testing.

Each of these tests will tell the veterinarian something different and will give them an idea as to how well blood is circulating, and what kind of cell damage is present.

Urinalysis and blood gas testing may also be suggested to assess the condition of the respiratory system, and an electrocardiogram may be used to determine the condition of the heart.

If the veterinarian suspects that the stomach has rotated, a radiograph may also be required.

Treatment:

Because bloat is often not detected until it is severe, many dogs will already be experiencing shock when they arrive at the veterinarian.

In such cases, immediate stabilization is required. During this time, the veterinarian will keep a close monitor on your dog’s blood pressure, heart rate, and other vital signs.

Once your dog is stabilized, they will then undergo the process of gastric decompression.

During this stage of treatment, a tube will be passed down the esophagus to flush fluid and air from the stomach.

In some cases, a lavage may also be used to rinse the stomach of any leftover toxins thoroughly.

If it has been determined that the stomach has rotated, surgery will be required.

If additional bacteria is present, antibiotics will be prescribed as well.

Von Willibrand Disease:

Symptoms:

Von Willebrand disease is one of the most common inherited bleeding disorders amongst dogs. It is caused by a lack of the Von Willebrand Protein, which is required for blood to clot properly.

When present, the Von Willebrand disease inhibits normal clotting function and can cause excess bleeding for even minor wounds. In some cases, this can be a very serious, and sometimes deadly, disease.

Many dogs will never show any outward symptoms of the disease. For this reason, many cases of Von Willebrand are not diagnosed until trauma or surgery, when excessive bleeding is noticed.

Others dogs, however, may bleed spontaneously through areas of the nose, bladder, mouth, or vagina.

Diagnosis:

If it is suspected that your dog has Von Willebrand disease, they will be given a buccal mucosal screening test.

This test is designed to measure the length of time it takes to stop a tiny incision from bleeding inside of the dog’s gums.

If prolonged bleeding is present, suspicion of the disease will rise, and further tests will be delivered to determine exactly how much of the Von Willebrand factor is present within the blood.

Treatment:

Unfortunately, there is no cure for Von Willebrand disease. With that being said, the disease can be managed.

Goals of management are to control bleeding, reduce the number of events that lead to bleeding, and to treat any underlying conditions that may be contributing to the disorder.

In emergencies where a great deal of blood has already been lost, blood transfusions may be required.

History:

The Afghan hound breed is a member of the sighthound family and was originally bred by the nomads of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and northern India.

Sadly, much of the history of the Afghan breed has been lost in time, but it is well known that they were often used in the past for chasing down both large and small game.

The breed was first brought out of the Middle East in the 19th century by British soldiers, and they were first recognized by the AKC in 1926.

The breed reached its peak popularity in the 1970s when it became known for its sense of regalness and glamour.

Despite their history as hunters, the breed is mostly now kept as house pets and show dogs. It is well known in the Middle East, as well as in North America.

Afghan Dog Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • The popularity of the Afghan hound peaked in the 1970s when Barbie first found her way into North American homes, with her friendly Afghan hound as her pet of choice.
  • Because so many people purchase Afghans without knowing precisely what they get themselves in for, many end up in shelters and up for adoption.
  • Pablo Picasso owned an Afghan Hound named Kabul. It was featured in his 1962 painting “Femme au Chien”, which sold for over $10 million.

2. Kuchi Dog

Description:

The Kuchi is a large breed of dog that is large boned, with a massive head. They stand between 32-41 inches in height and weigh anywhere between 84-176 pounds.

The large variety in weight of the Kuchi dog is because they come in three different types:

  • mountain-types- Have bigger boned, and has medium to long length fur.
  • steppe-types- lighter in bone structure, and has short to medium length fur,
  • desert types- and the desert type has a short, dense coat with a woolen undercoat.

Despite their varieties, each type of Kuchi dog generally has cropped ears that sit close to their head, along with docked tails.

All varieties come in several different colors including red, fawn, grey, and black, and are often described as looking like “lions”.

Personality and Temperament:

The Kuchi is a fierce, courageous, and strong breed of dog that makes an excellent guardian and protector.

The breed is exceptionally gentle and loyal to their owner but can be very suspicious of strangers.

The Kuchi is a “pack” breed of dog, and can be very territorial, and often sees outsiders as threats.

When confronted with a predator, they will be fearless to death.

For this reason, it’s essential to socialize your Kuchi at a young age to avoid any aggression towards strangers and to help them determine the difference between a stranger and a threat.

Because they are so territorial, the Kuchi often does not do well with other pets and do not make good companions at the dog park.

The breed is very athletic, agile, and fast, and is happiest when given a job to do.

In history, the Kuchi was bred for protecting livestock and guarding against thieves, so they do best in areas with lots of room to roam.

They are not suited for the usual Western way of life in a family home and are not recommended as family companions.

Grooming:

Though some variations of the breed have long hair, the Kuchi is a dog that requires little maintenance. Weekly brushing and periodic bathing are enough.

Common Diseases and Conditions

The two most common concerns for the Kuchi breed are Bloat, along with Hip Dysplasia.

  • Bloat

Symptoms:

Bloat is a common condition in many dog breeds, and may be referred to by veterinarians as “Gastric Dilation and Volvulus”. This is a more scientific way of saying “gas accumulation.”

Bloat is a severe condition and is one of the leading causes of death for dogs.

Bloat occurs when gas accumulates within the stomach, causing it to expand.

When this happens, the pressure is put on arteries and veins, and the flow of blood can be cut off from the stomach.

If not caught quickly, this condition will allow toxins to accumulate, eventually leading to tissue death.

In severe cases, bloat can also cause the stomach to rotate.

Symptoms of bloat may include, but are not limited to, distress, vomiting, restlessness, excessive salivation, panting, and pacing. You may also see evidence of a distended abdomen.

Diagnosis:

Several different diagnostic tests may be used to diagnose conditions of bloat, but the first step will always be a physical assessment of the abdomen.

If bloat is suspected, further tests may include things like serum chemistry testing, blood glucose testing, coagulation assays, blood electrolyte testing, and complete blood count testing.

Each of these tests will tell the veterinarian something different and will give them an idea as to how well blood is circulating, and what kind of cell damage is present.

Urinalysis and blood gas testing may also be suggested to assess the condition of the respiratory system, and an electrocardiogram may be used to evaluate the condition of the heart.

If the veterinarian suspects that the stomach has rotated, a radiograph may also be required.

Treatment:

Because bloat is often not detected until it is severe, many dogs will already be experiencing shock when they arrive at the veterinarian.

In such cases, immediate stabilization is required. During this time, the veterinarian will keep a close monitor on your dog’s blood pressure, heart rate, and other vital signs.

Once your dog is stabilized, they will then undergo the process of gastric decompression.

During this stage of treatment, a tube will be passed down the esophagus to flush fluid and air from the stomach.

In some cases, a lavage may also be used to rinse the stomach of any leftover toxins thoroughly.

If it has been determined that the stomach has rotated, surgery will be required. If additional bacteria is present, antibiotics will be prescribed as well.

  • Hip Dysplasia:

Symptoms:

Hip Dysplasia is a common type of skeletal disease and is found among many breeds of dog.

The condition is a dislocation of the hips, caused by abnormal development of the joints.

Hip Dysplasia can vary in severity and can cause anything from minor to severe pain, as well as difficulty walking.

Symptoms of Hip Dysplasia may include weakness in legs, signs of pain when being touched, changes in behavior and walking abilities, and reluctance to move around.

In some cases, you may even be able to hear a clicking noise coming from the dog’s joints as they walk.

Diagnosis:

As an owner, the signs of hip dysplasia are usually very evident and detectable.

With that being said, the only way to officially diagnosis the disorder is with the help of a registered veterinarian.

If hip dysplasia is suspected, a routine physical exam will be conducted, followed by additional testing to determine the range of motion and joint looseness.

If hip dysplasia is still considered to be an option, x-rays can help to provide a definitive diagnosis and to determine how far along the condition has progressed.

Treatment:

A variety of treatment options are available for hip dysplasia depends on the severity of the condition.

These may include but are not limited to, supplementation and dietary changes, anti-inflammatory medications, and physical exercise therapy.

In advanced stages of hip dysplasia, surgery may be required.

History:

The Kuchi breed was first discovered by the Kochis or Kuchis people and was used by Afghanistan nomads to guard their caravans against thieves and their livestock against predators.

From the centuries that they spent traveling as nomads, the Kuchi dog developed to be very self-sufficient, with the ability to catch their food and adapt to a variety of different terrains and climates.

Unfortunately, the exact origins and ancestry of the Kochi are unknown, as are the exact dates in which they were first discovered.

Some people believe, however, that the Kuchi is a close relative to the Central Asian Ovcharka.

The breed is higher in numbers throughout Pakistan and Afghanistan, but rare throughout the rest of the world.

The Kuchi Dog Facts & Figures

Did You Know?

  • The Kuchi is not currently recognized by any Kennel Clubs in the Western World
  • Sadly, large dogs like the Kuchi are still entered into illegal blood sport in some regions of Afghanistan

Indonesian Dog Breeds

1.Kintamani Dog

white kintamani dog

Imk0278 at English Wikipedia [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Description:

The Kintamani is a mid-size breed of dog that stands between 16-22 inches in height and weighs between 29-37 pounds.

The breed is a spitz type dog with an elegant appearance. The Kintamani has high set, triangular ears that stand upright on top of the head.

They have muscular necks and broad chests, along with long, curled tails.

The breed has a thick, double coat of fur, and comes in shades of white, black, brown, and beige.

Personality and Temperament:

The Kintamani is extremely independent and often territorial.

Though they are affectionate and caring towards members of their family, they can be highly aggressive around other dogs.

Kintamani’s tend to share an intense bond with one particular owner but will share their love with all family members – including children.

Because of their territorial nature, the Kintamani makes an excellent guard dog. With that being said, they do have a strong prey drive, and should not be left alone around cats or other small animals.

The breed is extremely intelligent and resourceful, but because they are so independently minded, they can also be difficult to train.

They require a strong, dominant owner that can be both loving and affectionate, yet firm and consistent.

Grooming:

The Kintamani breed has a thick coat of fur but is easier to maintain than it at first appears. The breed requires weekly brushing to prevent tangling and matting, along with occasional baths to keep their coat clean.

During season changes, the Kintamani will shed it’s undercoat, requiring daily brushing to keep down on fur loss around the home.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

The Kintamani is a relatively healthy breed of dog, with no common diseases or conditions to report. Like all breeds, they are subject to regular veterinary visits to watch for conditions that are prevalent among any breed of dog.

History:

The Kintamani is an ancient breed of dog that originated in Bali. Throughout history, many of these dogs have been feral.

As such, the breed was developed without human interference, and purely through breeding on behalf of the dogs themselves.

Ancestors of the Kintamani are believed to be the Malamute, the Chow, and the Samoyed.

Today, many Kintamani in Bali are still feral, though they are often taken in as pets too.  They officially became recognized as a distinct breed of dog in Bali in 2006.

Sadly, a rabies outbreak in 2008 drastically decreased the Kintamani population in Bali, dropping it from 600,000 to less than 150,000.

Today, it’s believed that there are less than 12 000 Kintamani dogs in the Bali region, and fans of the breed are engaging in efforts to keep it alive.

Kintamani Breed Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • The Kintamani is very vocal and energetic and does not do well in small homes or apartment settings.
  • The Kintamani are excellent swimmers!
  • In areas of Indonesia, Kintamani dogs are trained to sniff out narcotics

Vietnamese Dog Breeds

1.The Bac Ha Dog

Description:

The Bac Ha dog is a mid-sized dog that originates in Vietnam and is native to the Lao Cai province.

They originate from the cold, mountainous regions of Vietnam, and their thick main reflects their geography.

The Bac Ha dog has a thick, fluffy coat of fur that comes in colors of grey, tan, white, gold, black, and brindle. Some may have reddish hair as well.

The breed is described as being extremely majestic in appearance.

Personality and Temperament:

The Bac Ha has long been used as a hunting and guarding dog, and has been described as extremely territorial.

Despite their territorial nature, however, the Bad Ha has a calm, docile temperament, and is very loyal to their owners.

They are described as being highly intelligent and easy to train.

Grooming:

The Bac Ha dog has a thick coat of fur that requires regular grooming and maintenance. Weekly brushing is required to prevent tangles and mats, as well as to keep down on fur loss.

These dogs are not meant to live in areas of intense heat, as humidity can cause severe skin rashes and loss of fur.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

The Bac Ha dog is a relatively rare breed of dog, so not there is not much information regarding their health.

With that being said, it is known that this breed is subject to severe skin rashes when subject to intense heat and humidity.

  • Skin rash

Symptoms:

Skin rashes in dogs can be caused by a variety of things including, but not limited to, allergies, parasites, and heat, but in the Bac Ha breed, they are most commonly caused by the latter.

Rashes can be very itchy, painful, and uncomfortable for your dog, and can progress quickly. Dogs should be seen by a veterinarian at first signs of a skin rash.

Symptoms may include hair loss, bleeding, swelling, flaky skin, scabby skin, bad odor, depression, and intense itching.

Diagnosis:

Skin rashes are most often diagnosed with a simple physical examination and health history.

If it is determined that a skin rash is present, the veterinarian may request a Complete Blood Count test to determine if a bacterial infection or anemia is present.

Skin scrapes and biopsies may also be used for microscopic analysis for the detection of parasites or secondary infections.

Treatment:

The type of treatment offered will depend on the cause of the rash.

In cases of heat rash, which are prevalent among the Bac Ha breed, calamine lotion and/or hydrocortisone creams may be prescribed.

The hair around the hot spots will be clipped away, and topical medications may also be prescribed.

Prevention will be offered up as the best treatment method, keeping the dog away from heat and humidity as much as possible.

History:

Sadly, the Bac Ha dog is one of the lesser known breeds in Vietnam, so not much is known about their history.

What is known, however, is that they originated in the mountainous regions of Northern Vietnam, which led them to develop their thick fur coat, along with their excellent hunting abilities.

Bac Ha Dog Breed Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • The Bac Ha dog is an extremely intelligent, loyal breed of dog that is easy to train and very disciplined – they make good pets for first-time dog owners.

2. Dingo Indochina

Description:

The Dingo Indochina is a mid-sized breed of dog that stands weighs between 26-44 pounds, and stands between 15-20 inches tall.

The breed has large ears that stand erect on the top of the head and a fat round tail.

The breed has short fur that usually comes in shades of black or yellow.

In order to be considered purebred, the Dingo Indochina must have four legs with all white paws.

Personality and Temperament:

The Dingo Indochina is a very wise, independent, and territorial breed of dog.

They are often raised for hunting and guarding.

Sadly, because the breed is so rare, not much else is known about their temperament.

Grooming:

The Dingo Indochina has a smooth, dry coat of fur that requires little in the way of maintenance and grooming.

Common Diseases and Conditions

Again, not much is known about the Dingo Indochina breed due to their rarity.

In return, there are no known health conditions or concerns directly associated with the breed. They are subject to regular veterinarian visits for checkup like all other breeds of dog.

History:

The Dingo Indochina is a primitive breed of dog that originated in the mountainous regions of Vietnam.

The exact origins of the breed are unknown, but legend has it that they may be a cross between the Native Wild Dogs of Vietnam and primitive Asian dogs.

The Dingo Indochina is extremely rare, but when they are bred, it is usually by ethnic minorities for purposes of hunting and guarding.

Dingo Indochina Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • The white paws of the Dingo Indochina are often referred to as “socks.
  • The Dingo Indochina is one of the lesser known hunting breeds from Vietnam

3. Hmong Dog

Description:

The Hmong dog is a mid-sized breed of dog that is described as possessing a large head, along with large muscles.

They have small, pointy ears that stand erect on top of their head, and are naturally born with short or docked tails.

The Hmong breed boasts a thick coat of fur that comes in a variety of different shades including black, red, black and white, brownish red, and brindle.

Personality and Temperament

In history, the Hmong dog has long been bred for hunting and guarding, and still makes excellent guard dogs to this day.

The breed will protect both their territory and their owner, to whom they are very loyal.

The Hmong dog is very friendly and makes an excellent companion for children.

Their biggest downfall is their deep hatred of cats, as they will kill any cat they encounter.

Grooming:

The Hmong dog has a thick fur of coat that requires regular brushing and occasional bathing.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

Like many dogs originating in Vietnam, the Hmong is a rare breed, and not much is known about their health. Like all breeds, they are subject to regular veterinarian checkups to ensure health and wellness.

History:

The Hmong is an ancient breed of dog that originated among the Hmong people who lived in the mountainous areas of Northern Vietnam.

Because they have long lived in treacherous conditions, the breed is very adaptable and flexible to their environment.

They are thought to share close ancestry with wolves, which is evident in their primitive hunting abilities.

Though the breed is rare, many dedicated admirers throughout Vietnam are dedicating their time and efforts to persevere the breed.

Hmong Dog Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • The Hmong dog is officially recognized by the VKA (Vietnam Kennel Association) as its distinct breed, with official breed standards.
  • In the Vietnam Native Dog Club, the Hmong is presented with its own annual national dog show.

4. The Phu Quoc Dog

Description:

The Pho Quoc is a mid-sized breed of dog that stands between 48 to 55 cm in height and weighs between 44 to 55 pounds.

The breed has an athletic, muscular build with a narrow head and large, triangular ears that stand erect on top of the head.

They have a medium length tail that tapers at the end, and a short, coarse coat of fur. The Pho Quoc can come in a variety of different colors, including black, red, yellow, and brindle.

Personality and Temperament:

The Pho Quoc is a dignified and graceful dog that is known for being a faithful companion to their owners.

They are natural hunters and will protect their family from danger when deemed necessary.

Their protective instincts will cause them to bark at strangers, but this barking will rarely lead to aggression unless the dog feels as though it’s loved ones are in imminent danger.

The breed is naturally sociable and tends to get along well with both children and other dogs.

They are natural hunters and may chase after smaller pets like cats.

The breed is extremely independent, but also loves spending time taking walks, hikes, and runs with their owners. They are also excellent swimmers.

Grooming:

The Pho Quoc dog requires very little in terms of grooming and maintenance.

They have short fur that is easy to keep clean, and doesn’t require regular bathing.

During shedding season, they may need to be brushed to keep shedding to a minimum.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

The two most common health concerns for the Phu Quoc are hip dysplasia and bloat:

  • Bloat

Symptoms:

Bloat is a common condition in many dog breeds, and may be referred to by veterinarians as “Gastric Dilation and Volvulus”. This is a more scientific way of saying “gas accumulation.”

Bloat is a severe condition and is one of the leading causes of death for dogs.

Bloat occurs when gas accumulates within the stomach, causing it to expand.

When this happens, the pressure is put on arteries and veins, and the flow of blood can be cut off from the stomach.

If not caught quickly, this condition will allow toxins to accumulate, eventually leading to tissue death. In severe cases, bloat can also cause the stomach to rotate.

Symptoms of bloat may include, but are not limited to, distress, vomiting, restlessness, excessive salivation, panting, and pacing. You may also see evidence of a distended abdomen.

Diagnosis:

Several different diagnostic tests may be used to diagnose conditions of bloat, but the first step will always be a physical assessment of the abdomen.

If bloat is suspected, further tests may include things like serum chemistry testing, blood glucose testing, coagulation assays, blood electrolyte testing, and complete blood count testing.

Each of these tests will tell the veterinarian something different and will give them an idea as to how well blood is circulating, and what kind of cell damage is present.

Urinalysis and blood gas testing may also be suggested to assess the condition of the respiratory system, and an electrocardiogram may be used to determine the condition of the heart.

If the veterinarian suspects that the stomach has rotated, a radiograph may also be required.

Treatment:

Because bloat is often not detected until it is severe, many dogs will already be experiencing shock when they arrive at the veterinarian. In such cases, immediate stabilization is required.

During this time, the veterinarian will keep a close monitor on your dog’s blood pressure, heart rate, and other vital signs.

Once your dog is stabilized, they will then undergo the process of gastric decompression.

During this stage of treatment, a tube will be passed down the esophagus to flush fluid and air from the stomach.

In some cases, a lavage may also be used to rinse the stomach of any leftover toxins thoroughly.

If it has been determined that the stomach has rotated, surgery will be required.

If additional bacteria is present, antibiotics will be prescribed as well.

  • Hip Dysplasia:

Symptoms:

Hip Dysplasia is a common type of skeletal disease and is found among many breeds of dog.

The condition is a dislocation of the hips, caused by abnormal development of the joints.

Hip Dysplasia can vary in severity and can cause anything from minor to severe pain, as well as difficulty walking.

Symptoms of Hip Dysplasia may include weakness in legs, signs of pain when being touched, changes in behavior and walking abilities, and reluctance to move around.

In some cases, you may even be able to hear a clicking noise coming from the dog’s joints as they walk.

Diagnosis:

As an owner, the signs of hip dysplasia are usually very evident and detectable. With that being said, the only way to officially diagnosis the disorder is with the help of a registered veterinarian.

If hip dysplasia is suspected, a routine physical exam will be conducted, followed by additional testing to determine the range of motion and joint looseness.

If hip dysplasia is still considered to be an option, x-rays can help to provide a definitive diagnosis and to determine how far along the condition has progressed.

Treatment:

A variety of treatment options are available for hip dysplasia depends on the severity of the condition.

These may include but are not limited to, supplementation and dietary changes, anti-inflammatory medications, and physical exercise therapy.

In advanced stages of hip dysplasia, surgery may be required.

History:

The Phu Quoc dog is a type of ridgeback breed that originated in the Phu Quoc area of Vietnam.

Sadly, the exact origins of the Phu Quoc are not well-documented.

With that being said, there are several different theories relating to the origins of the breed.

Some scholars suggest that the Phu Quoc was brought over from Africa or Thailand, while others believe that they are the result of wild and native dogs being bred together.

Still, other scholars suggest that the Phu Quoc may be a descendant of the Australian Dingo.

The breed has long been used for hunting and guarding purposes, but has also been known to survive many years without human intervention.

Today, many Phu Quoc still fend for themselves as feral dogs in the streets of Vietnam.

Pho Quoc Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • Due to their rarity, the Phu Quoc dog is not officially recognized by any international bodies, and no official breed standard has ever been set.
  • In 2018, the Phu Quoc dog was declared the mascot of the Ho Chi Minh Flower Show.

Thailand Dog Breeds

1.The Thai Bangkaew

Thai Bangkaew dog

Description:

The Thai Bangkaew is a mid-sized breed of dog that stands between 17-19 inches tall and weighs between 35-50 pounds.

They are a Spitz-type breed with a deep chest and a proportioned body.

The Thai Bangkaew has small, triangular ears, with a plume-shaped tail that curves moderately over the back.

The breed has a plush, double-coat of fur that is thickest around the neck and on the tail.

Their overall fur color is white, but they can also have patches of fawn, brown, black, lemon, grey, or red. In terms of breed standards, those with symmetrical markings are preferred.

Personality and Temperament:

The Thai Bangkaew is a loving and affectionate breed of dog that most strongly bonds with one particular member of the family.

With that being said, they do have a very strong and stubborn temperament, and training can be challenging.

As such, they require a strong and firm, yet patient and kind owner to become a well-rounded and socialized pet.

Once adopted to a family, this breed is extremely protective.

They are distrusting and wary of strangers, and remain alert at all times. If threatened, the Thai Bangkaew may become hostile and aggressive.

They can also become aggressive with other dogs, and do not do well with smaller pets like cats.

The breed is good with children but doesn’t always know their power. Close supervision is suggested when left with small children.

Grooming:

The Thai Bangkaew has a thick, double coat of fur that requires regular brushing to distribute natural oils and to remove dead fur. To prevent mats and tangles, daily brushing is suggested.

For this breed, bathing is required every 6-8 weeks, but nothing more. Overbathing can cause the coat of the Thai Bangkaew to become greasy.

This breed sheds regularly and requires an owner who is patient with their fur loss.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

Two of the most common diseases and conditions associated with the Thai Bangkaew breed are Otitis Externa and Cryptorchidism:

  • Otitis Externa :

Symptoms:

Otitis Externa, also referred to as inflammation of the external ear canal, occurs when the glands lining the ear canal enlarge and start producing excessive wax.

As this continues, excessive fibrous tissue grows, and the canal of the ear can become narrowed.

In most cases, Otitis Externa is a sign of some other underlying disease or condition. Symptoms may include pain, itchiness, bad odor, scratching, and redness. If chronic, the ear may eventually rupture.

Diagnosis:

There are several different ways of diagnosing Otitis Externa, including x-rays and MRI’s.

Additional testing like skin scrapings or biopsies may be required to check for underlying concerns like parasites or autoimmune diseases.

With that being said, the most important diagnostic tool for Otitis Externa is a microscopic examination of the discharge.

Treatment:

In most cases of Otitis Externa, a complete cleansing of the ear will be required, followed by topical therapy.

Topical therapies may include but are not limited to, antibacterial medications, corticosteroids, anti-yeast medications, and/or anti-septic drops.

In severe cases, oral antibiotics and/or antifungals may be prescribed by the veterinarian.

If any underlying conditions are present, they will also be treated as necessary.

  • Cryptorchidism

Symptoms:

Cryptorchidism is a term that refers to the failure of one or both testicles to descend into the scrotum.

If the testicles are not felt in the scrotum after four months old, the condition of Cryptorchidism will be the assumption.

In cases of Cryptorchidism, the testicle(s) can be found in the abdomen or inguinal canal.

Cryptorchidism rarely results in any pain, and can sometimes be difficult to detect.

In cases where only one testicle is affected, the affected testicle may be smaller than the other testicle. In cases where both testicles are affected, a dog may become infertile.

Diagnosis:

If the condition of Cryptorchidism is present, you will not be able to feel the testicle from the outside.

To determine the exact location of the testicle, x-rays and ultrasounds may be required.

Treatment:

If your dog has Cryptorchidism, your veterinarian will probably recommend that they are neutered.

Depending on how many testicles are affected and where the testicles are located, one or two incisions may be required.

History:

The Thai Bangkaews are Thailand dog breeds that are thought to have originated over 100 years ago in Central Thailand.

Legend has it that a pregnant female dog was given to a monk in a Thailand temple, but because there were no males dogs in the area, it was assumed that the puppies developed as a result of the female mating with another species.

In recent studies, this theory was supported, showing that the Bangkaew actually does show DNA relations to the domestic dog and the Golden Jackal.

The physical appearance of the breed was then altered further through breeding with local shepherding dogs.

Today the breed is not officially recognized by any kennel clubs, and are rarely seen outside of Thailand.

Thai Bangkaew Facts & Figures:

Did you know?

  • The Thai Bangkaew is most commonly seen as a household pet but is also used as watch and guard dogs.
  • The Thai Bangkaew is a challenging dog and is not recommended for first-time owners.

2. The Thai Ridgeback

Thai Ridgeback dog on white background

Description:

The Thai Ridgeback is a mid to large breed of dog that stands between 20-24 inches in height and weighs anywhere between 35-75 pounds.

The Ridgeback is strong, muscular, and athletic, and gets its name from the ridge pattern that forms on its back. This ridge pattern is a line of hair that grows in the opposite direction of the rest of the dog’s coat and can come in over eight different patterns.

The breed has long legs, along with a long, tapering tail and ears that stand erect on the top of the head.

The Ridgeback has short, dense fur that comes in colors of solid blue, black, red, or fawn.

Many Thai Ridgebacks will also have spotted tongues or tongues that are completely blue or black.

Personality and Temperament:

The Thai Ridgeback was originally bred for purposes of hunting and guarding, and still make excellent guard dogs to this day.

In history, Ridgebacks often had to feed for their food, which led them to be independent and self-sufficient.

They are extremely intelligent and have strong survival instincts.

When properly socialized, the Thai Ridgeback will grow to be an extremely loyal and loving companion. They do well with children but may be overly rambunctious around babies, toddlers, or very small children.

The key to raising a well rounded Ridgeback is a strong, confident owner that will not let this independent breed push the boundaries.

Grooming:

The Thai Ridgeback is relatively low maintenance in regards to grooming.

Throughout the year, only periodic brushing and bathing is required.

With that being said, the breed does shed seasonally, so expect heavier fur loss during these times.

Common Diseases and Conditions

The two most common health concerns for the Thai Ridgeback include hip dysplasia and Dermoid Sinus Cyst.

  • Hip Dysplasia:

Symptoms:

Hip Dysplasia is a common type of skeletal disease and is found among many breeds of dog.

The condition is a dislocation of the hips, caused by abnormal development of the joints.

Hip Dysplasia can vary in severity and can cause anything from minor to severe pain, as well as difficulty walking.

Symptoms of Hip Dysplasia may include weakness in legs, signs of pain when being touched, changes in behavior and walking abilities, and reluctance to move around.

In some cases, you may even be able to hear a clicking noise coming from the dog’s joints as they walk.

Diagnosis:

As an owner, the signs of hip dysplasia are usually very evident and detectable.

With that being said, the only way to officially diagnosis the disorder is with the help of a registered veterinarian.

If hip dysplasia is suspected, a routine physical exam will be conducted, followed by additional testing to determine the range of motion and joint looseness.

If hip dysplasia is still considered to be an option, x-rays can help to provide a definitive diagnosis and to determine how far along the condition has progressed.

Treatment:

A variety of treatment options are available for hip dysplasia depends on the severity of the condition.

These may include but are not limited to, supplementation and dietary changes, anti-inflammatory medications, and physical exercise therapy.

In advanced stages of hip dysplasia, surgery may be required.

  • Dermoid Sinus Cyst

Symptoms:

Dermoid Sinus sometimes referred to as pilonidal sinus, is a congenital abnormality that is present from birth. This condition occurs during embryonic development as a result of incomplete separation of the skin and nervous system.

The defect consists of hollow tubular indentations in the skin that penetrate the tissue. The depth to which the indentations penetrate varies from dog to dog.

This condition can lead to infections, and in the most severe cases, can be life-threatening.

Dermoid Sinuses are often recognized at a young age through visual diagnosis. In some cases, a mild discharge may be present.

If not dealt with promptly, they can become plugged with debris, and may become infected or abscessed.

Diagnosis:

Preliminary diagnosis of a dermoid sinus is made by visual examination and touch. Confirmation can be provided by X-ray.

Treatment:

In most cases of dermoid sinus, where the infection is present, surgical excision will be performed. If the sinus is connected to the spinal cord or vertebrae, more invasive surgery may be necessary.

History:

The Thai Ridgeback is one of the more ancient Thailand dog breeds and is noted in archeological documents that date back over 360 years ago.

At the time, the breed was mainly used for hunting and guarding purposes, as well as for escorting carts. For this reason, it was often referred to as the “cart following dog”.

Today, the dog remains close to its original form, as crossbreeding opportunities throughout Thailand are rare.

In 1997, the AKC began including the breed in its Foundation Stock Service Program, but still to date the breed is rarely seen outside of Thailand.

Thai Ridgeback Facts & Figures:

Did You Know?

  • In history, the Thai Ridgeback was often used to kill Cobra
  • Thai Ridgebacks are known as the ultimate escape artists!
  • Some Thai Ridgebacks are born with dew claws on their back feet.

Uzbekistan Dog Breeds

1. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog

Central Asian Shepherd Dog on white background

Description:

The Central Asian Shepherd Dog sometimes referred to as the Alabai Dog breed, is a large breed of dog that stands between 27-32 inches in height and weighs between 121-176 pounds.

The breed is muscular and powerful, and is very imposing and intimidating in appearance.

The breed has a broad head, with strong jowls.

In many countries, the tails are docked, and the ears are cropped into a cauliflower shape.

The breed has huge paws, along with a dense coat of fur. This coat can be short or long but is always accompanied by a heavy undercoat.

Central Asian Shepherd dogs can come in colors of black and white, fawn, or brindle. In some cases, they may have a black mask.

Personality and Temperament:

The Central Asian Shepherd dog is described as an independent, fearless breed that makes an excellent guard dog.

Though the breed is not particularly aggressive, the Central Asian Shepherd dog will not hesitate to defend itself, or it’s family.

The breed is naturally wary of strangers and may try to dominate other dogs. They are loving and protective towards children, but due to their size, should be monitored whenever small children are around to prevent accidents.

The biggest downfall of this breed is that they are prone to barking during the night. Aside from that, they make excellent companions but do require socialization at a young age to get along well with other family pets.

It’s also important to note that the Central Asian Shepherd is a working breed of dog, and enjoys having a job to do.

They require strong owners who can establish clear leadership and boundaries.

Grooming:

The Central Asian Shepherd dog is considered to be a light shedder and does not require a great deal of maintenance throughout the year. They do shed quite heavily throughout the spring, during which time extra brushing is necessary to prevent excessive fur loss.

The breed is naturally clean and does not require much in the way of bathing.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is considered to be a relatively healthy breed of dog, but like many breeds, may be subject to cases of hip and elbow dysplasia.

  • Hip Dysplasia:

Symptoms:

Hip Dysplasia is a common type of skeletal disease and is found among many breeds of dog.

The condition is a dislocation of the hips, caused by abnormal development of the joints.

Hip Dysplasia can vary in severity and can cause anything from minor to severe pain, as well as difficulty walking.

Symptoms of Hip Dysplasia may include weakness in legs, signs of pain when being touched, changes in behavior and walking abilities, and reluctance to move around.

In some cases, you may even be able to hear a clicking noise coming from the dog’s joints as they walk.

Diagnosis:

As an owner, the signs of hip dysplasia are usually very evident and detectable. With that being said, the only way to officially diagnosis the disorder is with the help of a registered veterinarian.

If hip dysplasia is suspected, a routine physical exam will be conducted, followed by additional testing to determine the range of motion and joint looseness.

If hip dysplasia is still considered to be an option, x-rays can help to provide a definitive diagnosis and to determine how far along the condition has progressed.

Treatment:

A variety of treatment options are available for hip dysplasia depends on the severity of the condition. These may include but are not limited to, supplementation and dietary changes, anti-inflammatory medications, and physical exercise therapy.

In advanced stages of hip dysplasia, surgery may be required.

  • Elbow Dysplasia

Symptoms:

Elbow dysplasia is a common condition in dogs and is caused by growth abnormalities in cells, tissues, and/or bones.

As these abnormalities progress, elbow joints can start to degenerate or malformed.

One of the most common signs that your dog has elbow dysplasia is walking with a limp, though dogs may go as far as avoiding putting any weight on their leg at all.

Elbow dysplasia is painful, and dogs may show signs of a diminished range of motion, discomfort, lameness, or unwillingness to walk. In some cases, you may even be able to hear the bone grating as your dog walks.

Diagnosis:

To determine whether elbow dysplasia is the cause of your dog’s discomfort, a series of tests will be performed by your veterinarian.

Blood tests, urinalysis, x-rays, and CT scans may be used to rule out other potential factors like arthritis, infection, tumors, or traumas that may have resulted in injury.

An arthroscopic examination may also be given to inspect the elbow joint(s) to make a definitive diagnosis of your dog’s condition.

Treatment:

Unfortunately, there is no definitive treatment for elbow dysplasia.

With that being said, there are things that you can do to improve your dog’s quality of life.

Lifestyle changes, weight management, and low-impact exercise programs are all things that may be recommended by your veterinarian as a management strategy for elbow dysplasia.

Depending on the severity of the condition, corrective surgery may also be an option.

History:

As you may have already guessed, the Central Asian Shepherd dog is a breed that originated in Central Asia in the areas of the Ural River, Caspian Sea, and Asia Minor.

This is suspected to be an ancient breed of dog with origins dating back between 2000 and 3000 BC.

Unfortunately, the exact genetic origins of the breed are unknown, though they are thought to be a close relative of the Tibetan Mastiff. The breed may also share some genetics with other dogs like the Caucasian Shepherd, the Akbash, and the Kangal dog.

In history, the breed has been developed for three different purposes; guarding livestock, guarding homes, and sadly, dogfighting.

To date, this breed is rarely found in the United States but is recognized by both the National Kennel Club and the United Kennel Club.

Central Asian Shepherd Dog Facts & Figures

Did You Know?

  • The Central Asian Shepherd dog gains the nickname “voldokov”, which means “wolf crusher” in Russian. This nickname gives you an idea of the immense strength this breed possesses.
  • This breed was not created by man, but rather by climate and circumstance.
  • The Central Asian Shepherd dog has an impressive lifespan and can live to up to 17 years old.

2. The Torkuz Dog

Description:

The Torkuz Dog is a large, molosser type breed that is sometimes referred to as the Uzbekistan Mountain Dog or the Sarkangik.

An ancient breed from Uzbekistan, the Torkuz is a large dog stands over 31 inches tall and weighs over 200 pounds. These dogs have large, broad heads and muzzles, and are extremely powerful.

Their ears and tails are often docked, though they can also be found in their natural state in some areas of Uzbekistan.

The coat of the Torkuz is short but thick and dense. They come in colors of white, black, brown, grey, or tan.

Personality and Temperament

The Torkuz is a naturally territorial breed of dog and therefore makes an excellent guard dog. Though they are extremely intimidating to outsiders, the Torkuz is not at all vicious or aggressive.

With that being said, they may become confrontational around other dogs, and therefore require early socialization and responsible handling.

The breed makes a good companion and is both reliable and obedient to a confident owner.

Grooming:

Because the Torkuz has such a thick and dense undercoat, it sheds regularly and year round. Regular brushing and grooming are required.

Common Diseases and Conditions

The Torkuz is considered to be a relatively healthy breed of dog, with no common health concerns to report. It is important that they have regular veterinarian checkups to watch for rarer health conditions that may arise.

History:

Large dogs like the Torkuz have been relied on to protect livestock from predators in areas of Uzbekistan for over 3000 years.

Though the Torkuz originally descended from the Alabai, it was also influenced by several other breeds of dogs such as the Persian Mastiff, the Mongolian herders, and the Russian ovcharkas.

The Torkuz dog has long since been bred for working, but sadly has also taken part in many dog-fighting tournaments across Asia.

Their popularity in Uzbekistan led them to be bred with other bloodlines native to the area, which has left only a small number of pure Torkuz’s left in existence.

Torkuz Dog Facts & Figures

Did You Know?

  • This large Molosser breed is well adapted to the harsh climates of the region and is a very adaptable breed of dog.

Malaysian Dog Breeds

telomian dog going upstairs

June from Malaysia [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

1.Telomian Dog

Description

The Telomian is small to a mid-sized dog that stands between 15-19 inches in height and weighs between 18-28 pounds.

Because the breed is so rare, a right standard has not yet been developed. In return, the Telomian dog can vary in appearance.

With that being said, the breed is known for its athletic body and sturdy structure, along with erect ears that stand straight up on top of the head.

The breed has a smooth, short coat of fur that most commonly comes in colors of tan and white. With that being said, black and white, and sable and white, are also color options.

They may also have a black mask on the face.

In addition, the Telomian has a blue or black tongue that sets it apart from many other breeds.

Personality and Temperament

The Telomian has natural hunting and preying instincts, and is extremely intelligent and alert. For this reason, they have a strong intuition and make excellent guard dogs.

The breed is naturally wary of strangers, and will not hesitate to let their owners know when an intruder is near.

With that being said, unlike many other breeds of dog, the Telomian is known more for howling and growling as opposed to barking.

The breed has excellent climbing skills and dexterity. They love to play and enjoy games that involve the use of their intelligence and prowess.

Much of the Telomians personality and temperament is dependent on their upbringing.

Because the Telomian’s were bred in the wild, they remain indifferent to people when not socialized at puppyhood. When socialized properly, however, they can make excellent family pets and companions.

Grooming:

The Telomian is a low maintenance breed of dog that will fare just fine with once per week brushing to remove dead fur.

The Telomian does not require regular bathing – only when their fur is dirty or smelly.

Overbathing of the Telomian can cause the natural oils to be stripped away, leading to dry, itchy, skin.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

The Telomian is considered to be an overall healthy breed of dogs, with no common diseases or conditions to report. Like all dogs, they are subject to regular veterinarian checkups.

History:

The Telomian was initially bred within the Malaysian jungles to help control the population of small rodents, snakes, and other vermin.

Outsiders did not discover them until 1963 when a man named Dr. Orville Elliot found some wandering near the Telom River (where the dog received its name).

At this time, the first pair of Telomian were imported to the US. It is believed that all Telomians within the US today are the direct descendant of this original pair.

Sadly, the breed is too rare in the United States to be recognized by the AKC as of date.

Telomian Dog Facts & Figures

Did you know?

  • In history, the Telomian often had to climb ladders to get into their owner’s huts. In return, they developed extraordinary climbing abilities and paw control. Still common within the breed today, most Telomians have such good control over their paws that they can even hold their own food and open doors.
  • If left to fend for themselves, Telomian’s are excellent at catching small prey.

Kazakhstan Dog Breeds

1.The Tobet Dog

Description

The Tobet dog, also referred to as the Kazakhstan Mountain/Hill Dog, is a large breed of dog that stands between 60-78 cm in height, and that weighs between 40-79 kg.

They are a well-built, muscular breed of dog with a short, but very strong neck, a wide chest, and broad legs.

They have a powerful muzzle and jaw, along with cropped ears and a docked tail.

Their coat is short but dense and comes in colorings of black and white, black and tan, reddish brown, wolf-grey, and brindle.

Personality and Temperament

The Tobet is a fearless and powerful guard dog that will not hesitate to defend their owner or territory.

They have strong territorial instincts and an aggressive attitude towards strangers.

With that being said, the breed is very loving and loyal to their owner and is particularly good with children.

Because they have little tolerance for anyone outside of their family, it’s important that they have early socialization, handling, and training.

Grooming:

The Tobet dog has short but dense fur that requires a moderate amount of grooming.

Weekly brushing is recommended to keep down on fur loss, and bathing is recommended 2-3 times per year.

Common Diseases and Conditions

Little is reported about the health concerns associated with the Tobet dog, but it can be assumed that they are an overall healthy breed with few health concerns to report.

Like all breeds of dog, they are subject to regular veterinarian checkups.

History

The Tobet is an old breed of dog that shares relations with the Shepherd dogs of Iran, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Turkmenistan.

Since ancient times, the breed has been used as a working dog, guarding both livestock and property for nomadic merchants.

In the 1700s when more and more non-indigenous people started entering the country, the Tobets became crossed with Caucasian Ovcharkas and German Shepherds, and the purity of the breed was compromised.

From there, the numbers of Tobets in existence dropped drastically throughout the 20th century, and only a handful of pure bloodlines survived.

In 1991, following the collapse of the Soviet Union, interest in Kazakh culture began to grow, as did interest in efforts to save the Tobet breed.

Sadly, despite efforts to save the breed, the numbers of Tobet in existence is still very small, and their existence remains threatened.

Tobet Dog Facts & Figures

Did you know?

  • It’s estimated that there are only 40 pure Tobets left in existence today
  • In history, Tobets stood as a prized defender against wolves, and have even been known to kill them.

2. Tazy Dog

Tazy dog breed

Marcin Błaszkowski [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Description:

The Tazy dog is a medium sized dog that is very similar in structure to the Greyhound. They are very tall and slender, with a small head and long legs.

The breed has dark eyes and a long muzzle, a lean belly, and a deep chest. Their ears are long and floppy, and their tail is long and slightly curled.

The typical Tazy is red with black tips of the hair on the back and ears, though they can come in different color patterns as well.

Personality and Temperament

The Tazy is an extremely athletic and agile breed that can run at speeds of up to 12-15 km per hour.

They have very high endurance levels and require a yard to run in. In return, Tazy’s don’t make good apartment dogs.

Tazy’s are both playful and vigilant and make good pets. With that being said, they are extremely independent and can be shy of strangers.

Grooming:

The Tazy has a very short coat of fur and requires little in the way of maintenance. An occasional rub down with a damp cloth is sufficient to keep them clean.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

Sadly, the Tazy dog is on the verge of extinction. In return, little is known about conditions and diseases common to the breed.

With that being said, like all breeds, the Tazy is subject to regular veterinarian checkups to ensure good health.

History:

The Tazy dog is considered to be one of the oldest breeds of dog in the world. Since ancient times they have been valued by the Kazakhs as a gift from God, and a symbol of happiness and wealth.

These dogs frequently accompanied the Kazakhs, hunting with them to help them chase down small prey.

Sadly, there are very few Tazy dogs left in existence today. It is estimated that there are less than 300 purebred Tazys left. With that being said,  the Kazakhstan government is engaging in activities to prevent the breed from going extinct.

Tazy Facts & Figures:

Did you know?

  • Because the Tazys were so treasured for their hunting abilities, they were rarely treated like other dogs. In fact, in Kazakh culture, it is forbidden to call a Tazy a “dog”.
  • In ancient times, the Kazakh people would trade 47 horses for just one Tazy dog

Azerbaijan Dog Breeds

1.Caucasian Shepherd Dog

Caucasian Shepherd Dog

Description:

The Caucasian Shepherd is a large breed of dog that stands between 23-30 inches in height, and weighs between 100-170 pounds, with females on the lighter side.

The breed is both muscular and strong boned, with long furry tails and short ears that are often covered by fur.

In their native country of Azerbaijan, the Caucasian Shepherd dog is usually found with cropped ears.

The breed has a thick, dense, weather-resistant coat that can vary in colors including gray, fawn, tan, pied, brindle, or white.

Personality and Temperament

The Caucasian Shepherd is an intelligent breed of dog that was originally bred for guarding livestock.

Their assertiveness, bravery, and courageousness make them excellent guard dogs around the home. The breed is always alert and will work hard to respect and protect its family.

The breed is loving and kind towards its owners but is not warm towards strangers. Due to the ability of this dog to become aggressive with people, it does not know, it requires early socialization and training by the owner.

The breed is good with children, but doesn’t always know its power, and should not be left alone with little ones.

With that being said, this breed of dog is strong, stubborn, and used to being the leader of the pack.

It requires a strong, dominant leader who can set clearly defined lines and rules. Without proper training, this breed can become aggressive.

Grooming:

There are two different varieties of Caucasian Shepherds – short hair and long hair. The long-haired Shepherd requires daily brushing to prevent knotting and tangling, while the short hair only requires weekly brushing.

This breed goes through a massive shed once per year and will require more intense grooming at that time.

Common Diseases and Conditions

The two most common health concerns for the Caucasian Shepherd are hip dysplasia and cataracts:

  • Hip Dysplasia:

Symptoms:

Hip Dysplasia is a common type of skeletal disease and is found among many breeds of dog.

The condition is a dislocation of the hips, caused by abnormal development of the joints.

Hip Dysplasia can vary in severity and can cause anything from minor to severe pain, as well as difficulty walking.

Symptoms of Hip Dysplasia may include weakness in legs, signs of pain when being touched, changes in behavior and walking abilities, and reluctance to move around. In some cases, you may even be able to hear a clicking noise coming from the dog’s joints as they walk.

Diagnosis:

As an owner, the signs of hip dysplasia are usually very evident and detectable. With that being said, the only way to officially diagnosis the disorder is with the help of a registered veterinarian.

If hip dysplasia is suspected, a routine physical exam will be conducted, followed by additional testing to determine the range of motion and joint looseness.

If hip dysplasia is still considered to be an option, x-rays can help to provide a definitive diagnosis and to determine how far along the condition has progressed.

Treatment:

A variety of treatment options are available for hip dysplasia depends on the severity of the condition. These may include but are not limited to, supplementation and dietary changes, anti-inflammatory medications, and physical exercise therapy.

In advanced stages of hip dysplasia, surgery may be required.

  • Cataracts:

Symptoms:

A cataract is an opacity in the lens of the eye. They aren’t generally painful but can cause blurriness in a dogs vision.

Small cataracts may not cause too much disturbance, but as cataracts grow, so do vision concerns. In more severe cases, where the cataract is thick and dense, blindness can result.

Numerous things can cause cataracts, including genetics, old age, and trauma.

Dogs with cataracts may display signs of vision loss, including fear of walking in the dark or bumping into objects. In more severe cases, you may also be able to see signs of a cataract visually, that will look like a bluish-grey cloud in the eye.

Diagnosis:

Cataracts can often be confused with other conditions that can cause cloudiness of the eye. To determine the exact cause, a veterinarian will conduct a preliminary examination.

If cataracts are the suspected cause, your dog will be referred to an ophthalmologist to determine the progression of cataracts, and what steps to take next.

Treatment:

The treatment for cataracts will depend on the severity of the disease, as well as the age and health of your dog.

Because cataracts are a progressive disorder, surgery is the most popular treatment option. In this procedure, the lens of the eye will be replaced with an artificial one to remove the cataract altogether.

This is a common surgery among dogs but does pose some risks such as eye damage, infection, glaucoma, and in some cases, blindness. With that being said, if surgery is successful, your dog’s vision will be restored in full.

History:

The Caucasian Shepherd originates from the Kavkaz (Caucasus) Mountain Range in Eastern Europe. A

As the name suggests, it was used in the past to help guard and protect livestock and herds from predators like wolves.

While this breed wasn’t noticed until the 1920s, many others similar to the breed are thought to date back to ancient times.

Today, the breed is commonly shown in Russian dog shows, as well as in other parts of the former Soviet Union.

Though it’s no longer common to see the Caucasian Shepherd guarding the flock, the breed does remain popular in areas of Hungary, Poland, and the Czech Republic as a family dog, and extensive breeding programs are to ensure that the population does not die down.

Caucasian Shepherd Dog Facts & Figures

Did you know?

  • The United Kennel Club officially recognized the Caucasian Shepherd in 1995
  • In the 1960s in East Germany, the Caucasian Shepherd was used as a border patrol dog along the Berlin Wall
  • A Caucasian Shepherd sells between $1000-$2000 in price.
  • The Caucasian Shepherd is often referred to as the “Russian Bear Dog” for its intimidating appearance and bushy fur.

Kyrgyzstan Dog Breeds

1.Taigan Dog

Taigan Dog with owner

Jan Scotland (Jan Eduard) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Description:

The Taigan is a mid-sized breed of dog that stands between 23-27 inches in height, and that weighs between 54-73 pounds.

The breed has a typical sighthound appearance, with a slender build and long, narrow head. Despite the slim build of the Taigan, they are powerful and muscular.

The breed has a long tail that points down, and long, floppy ears that are covered with fur.

The length of the fur on the Taigan varies on different body parts, with long hair covering the ears, thighs, and shins.

The breed also has thicker and coarser hair on their feet to help protect them against rough terrain.

The Taigan comes in a variety of different colors, including black, brown, grey, white, yellow, or a combination of black and white.

Personality and Temperament

The Taigan is an elegant breed of dog that is defined as both regal and mysterious.

They are extremely dignified, intelligent, and like to think for themselves. Rather than seeing themselves as below their masters, they want to think of themselves “on par” and demand to be treated respectfully and fairly.

Despite their tendency towards independence, the breed does form strong bonds with family members and is very gentle and even-tempered.

The breed is extremely loyal to their family, but often wary of strangers. Despite this weariness, however, they are never aggressive and demonstrate a calm demeanor around all.

The breed does well with other dogs, but because they have a strong hunting instinct, they may chase after smaller pets.

All in all, the Taigan is a beautiful dog that makes a loving, loyal companion for the entire family.

Grooming:

The Taigan breed has a coat of fur that requires regular brushing and maintenance to prevent tangling.

With that being said, their coat is self-cleaning, so they require little in the way of bathing. An occasional rub down with a damp cloth will be more than enough to keep this breed clean.

Common Diseases and Conditions

The Taigan is an overall healthy breed of dog with no significant health concerns. Minor health concerns for this breed include ear infections and leg fractures:

  • Ear infections:

Symptoms:

Ear infections can be caused by numerous things, including bacteria, yeast, fungus, mites, allergies, tumors, physical trauma, and so on.

Because of their floppy ears, the Taigan is more prone to ear infections than some other breeds of dog.

Unfortunately, ear infections can be excruciating for your pet.

If an ear infection is present, your dog may show signs of odor originating from the ear, vigorous scratching of the ear, head shaking, lack of balance, unusual eye movements, swelling, or even discharge.

Diagnosis:

To diagnose an ear infection, a thorough physical examination and a complete history will be taken on your pet.

Careful examination of the ears will be an essential step, wherein the veterinarian will use an otoscope to check out your dog’s ear canal.

If an ear infection is suspected, additional testing may be required to determine which type of bacteria is present.

These may include but are not limited to, cytology and culture tests.

Blood tests may also be run to rule out underlying concerns such as hypothyroidism or autoimmune disease.

Treatment:

The treatment of an ear infection can vary greatly depending on the cause of the disease, the nature of the infection, and the severity of the infection.

Treatments may include things like antibiotics in the form of ointments, drops, sprays, or creams. They may also include options such as oral antibiotics, or in chronic cases, surgery.

  • Leg Fractures

Symptoms

A fracture is another name for a broken bone. In return, a leg fracture is another way of saying a “broken leg”.

Like humans, dogs are no different in that they can break their leg in times of exercise or play. Because of their active nature, Taigan’s can be prone to broken bones.

When this happens, your dog may display signs of abnormal movement, limb swelling, pain, whining, inability to walk, lameness, or bruising.

In some cases, you may also be able to hear the bone grinding when the dog walks.

Diagnosis

If you suspect that your dog may have broken their leg, take them to the veterinarian immediately.

Not only is this painful, but there could be more serious issues occurring, such as internal bleeding or organ injury.

Depending on the severity and cause of the injury, pain medications, antibiotics, or intravenous may be initiated before diagnosis.

Then, the veterinarian will check for signs of trauma, including organ injury. In such a case, blood work may also be required.

From here, the veterinarian will probably sedate your pet so that they can perform radiographs of the leg and body. This will help to determine the extent of the injury, as well as if any additional injuries have been sustained.

Treatment:

Treatment will depend on the severity of the break and may include surgical and non-surgical options.

If the break is simple,  a cast may be enough to promote healing.

In more severe cases, surgery may be required. Surgery options will depend on the dog’s age, as well as the conditions and environment in which it lives.

When severely damaged, amputation may be the best option.

History:

The origins of the Taigan can be traced back to the indigenous people of Kyrgyzstan. They have long been bred and used for their excellent hunting and guarding skills.

While the exact origins of the Taigan are unknown, they are shrouded in legend.

As legend has it, the Taigan was hatched from an egg of the mythical bird dog.

The story goes that the egg was stolen from the nest of a vulture (named Kumai), and when the egg hatched, a puppy arrived.

This puppy was said to save the lives of the tribes by fending off wolf packs that were killing all of their cattle.

For many years after that, the Taigan lived with the nomadic tribes, journeying through the rough and rugged terrains of Central Asia and Siberia.

Sadly, when the need for guarding dogs wore down, so did the population of the Taigan.

It was not until 1964 that the USSR laid standard for the breed, and since then their popularity has again begun to incline.

Today they are considered to be a national treasure of the country.

Taigan Dog Facts & Figures

Did you know?

  • To date, the Taigan is not recognized by any Kennel Clubs in the US
  • The Taigan can run up to 60km/hr!
  • Taigan’s name means undying, inextinguishable, and imperishable.

Israel Dog Breeds

1.Canaan Dog

Canaan Dog walking on the grass

Description:

The Canaan is a mid-sized breed of dog that stands between 20-24 inches in height and weighs between 45-55 pounds.

The breed has ears that stand erect, along with dark, almond-shaped eyes, and a long tail that curls over the back.

The Canaan has a double coat of fur, with a harsh, flat outer coat and a softer undercoat.

The breed comes in two distinct color patterns – white with a dark mask, or a solid color with or without white trim.

Personality and Temperament:

The Canaan breed is always alert and highly territorial.

The breed makes an excellent guard dog and will bark whenever someone comes to the door.

With that being said, the breed is not aggressive and will calm down as soon as they know that the stranger is not an actual intruder.

Though the breed is quite docile, they are also very smart and will not hesitate to try to dominate their owner.

In return, they require a strong leader that can establish clear and consistent rules. With the Canaan breed, early socialization and training are key.

Grooming:

Grooming requirements for the Canaan breed are minimum.

Though the breed has a double coat of fur, the fur is short and does not require frequent brushing. With that being said, the breed will shed heavily at least once per year and will require regular brushing at that time.

Canaan dogs tend to stay pretty clean and do not require much in the way of bathing.

Common Diseases and Conditions:

The Canaan dog is considered to be a relatively healthy breed of dog, with no common diseases or conditions to report. With that being said, they require regular veterinarian checkups to ensure that they remain in good health.

History:

The history of the Canaan dog dates back to biblical times where the breed was used for guarding flocks of sheep and goat. At the time the breed was referred to as the “Kelef Kanani”, which is Hebrew for Canaan dog.

Drawings that date back to 2200-2000 B.C.E. depict the Canaan dog as differing little from the breed that we recognize today.

Over the centuries, the invasion of the Romans led the breed to become unemployed and forced them into the hilly deserts of Israel, where they took on a feral lifestyle.

It was not until WWII when Jewish settlements required strong guard dogs that could withstand desert-like conditions, and it was the Canaan dogs that fit the mold.

Shortly after that the dog became known as a popular guide dog for the blind.

The breed was officially recognized by the UKC in 1992, and eventually by the AKC in 1997.

Canaan Dog Facts & Figures:

Did you know?

  • The Canaan Dog was the 141st dog on the AKC list
  • The Canaan dog is extremely concerned with pack leadership and requires a strong owner that can take on the role of leader of the pack.

Armenian Dog Breeds

1.Armenian Gampr Dog

Armenian Gampr Dog

Sergey.Gabrielyan [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Description:

The Armenian Gampr is a large breed of dog that stands between 23-24 inches in height and weighs between 99-130 pounds.

The breed is well-muscled and very strong, and have large heads with strong muzzles. The breed has mid-sized triangular ears that droop down, but working dogs may have cropped ears to prevent predators from biting them in an attack.

Armenian Gamprs generally have high set, curled tails, but again, may have tails that are cropped.

The breed has a thick double coat of fur, where the outer coat is relatively rough to help protect them from both the cold and predators.

They come in a variety of different coat colors, but those with brown in their coat are considered undesirable.

Personality and Temperament

The Armenian Gampr is a natural guardian that is both cautious and courageous.

Though they are very loyal and protective of their family, they also tend to be somewhat reserved. Because the breed does not have a strong desire to please their owner, they can be challenging to train.

Though they are good with children, they have a tendency to be territorial around other dogs. In return, the breed requires early socialization to prevent aggression.

Grooming

The Armenian Gampr has a thick, double layer of fur that requires weekly brushing to prevent any tangling and matting. They tend to have heavy sheds during season changes and will require more frequent brushing at the time.

Though they do need the occasional bathing, the breed has protective oils on their skin that tends to keep their fur quiet clean on the regular.

Common Diseases and Conditions

The Armenian Gampr is an overall healthy breed of dog that does not have any genetic health concerns. Like all dogs, they should visit the veterinarian for regular checkups.

History:

It’s no surprise that the origins of the Armenian Gampr are traced back to the homeland of Armenia.

Because they are a breed that has developed through natural adaptations, there are plenty of variations within their appearance.

With the help of local petroglyphs, the history of the Armenian Gampr can be traced back to 1000 BC.

Such depictions showed that the breed was very popular at the time and that they may have even been the inspiration for the Aralez (dog-like spirits that resurrect dead heroes by licking their wounds).

Sadly, the 20th-century invasion of the Ottoman Empire led to a drastic reduction in the population of the Armenian Gampr.

Today the population has not yet fully recovered but is continuing to grow with a variety of efforts being established to preserve the breed.

Armenian Gampr Facts & Figures

Did you know?

  • The Armenian Gampr is thought to both look and behave much like it did when it emerged as a breed over 3000 years ago.

Conclusion:

To sum up, I hope that you have gained some valuable knowledge about dog breeds in Asia.
 
Each of these dog breeds is unique in what it has to offer, and every breed should be loved and cherished for what they are.
 
In some parts of Asia, this isn’t the case.
 
Let’s make it our duty to change the way dogs are treated, and to work on finding methods of controlling stray dog populations in Asian countries.
 
We can’t just sit back and hope for change – we need to make it happen.
 
It’s your call.
 
Each person CAN make a difference, so let’s all do our part to make the world a better place for dogs.
 
We all know that dogs do their part in making our world a better place every day.

 

Chalene Johnston About The Author: Chalene Johnston graduated with honors from University with a BA in psychology. She is a proud stay-at-home mom to her 2-year-old French Bulldog puppy, Stella! Her passions in life are family, all-things animal, and travel. When she is not looking for adventure travel destinations ,she loves to write! She writes for a wide variety of topics – with animals being one of her favorites.